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Alta Mesa Animal Hospital - Feline Life Stage Guidelines by Mind Map: Alta Mesa Animal Hospital  - Feline Life Stage Guidelines
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Alta Mesa Animal Hospital - Feline Life Stage Guidelines

At Alta Mesa Animal Hospital our goal is to keep your loved furry family member healthy and happy throughout his or her life. Our life stages guidelines is your roadmap to preventative health care for your pet.

Geriatric: 15+ Years

Bi-Annual Veterinary Examinations

Age Related Changes, Decreased skin elasticity, Iris Pigment changes Lenticular sclerosis (cloudy eyes) Iris atrophy, Decreased hearing, Decreased digestion/ absorption of fat, Decreased sense of smell, Brittle nails, Decreased lung reserve, Altered sleep wake cycle, Decreased stress tolorance, Muscle atrophy

Diseases Common in this Age Group, Chronic Kidney Failure, Hyperthyroidism, Hyperactivity, Weight Loss in spite of good appetite, Behavior Changes, Diabetes, Weight loss in spite of good appetite, Increasing drinking, Increased or larger urination, Neoplasia, Tumors, Weight Loss, May not show outward signs, Periodontal Disease, Poor Grooming, Halitosis (bad breath), Drooling, Behavior Changes / Lethargy, Appetite Changes, May not show any outward signs!, Hypertension, Often no outward signs, May see behavior changes, Sudden blindness may occur, Eye Problems, Decreased activity, May see red eyes or large pupils, Cloudy appearance to eyes, Poor Grooming, Lion cut helpful, Often related to other problems, Arthritis pain and reduced agility, Oral pain / periodontal disease, Metabolic problems / general illness, Furminator to remove undercoat, Arthritis, Heart disease, Lethargy, Respiratory Distress, Weight Loss, Abdominal enlargement, Gastrointestinal disease, Vomiting, Diarrhea, Appetite Changes, Cognitive Disorders, Behavior Changes, Vocalizing at night

Diagnostics

Organ Screen Every 6 months, Blood Chemistry, Organ Panel, Liver Values, Kidney Values, Pancreatic Values, Electrolytes, Sodium, Chloride, Potassium, Calcium, Blood Glucose, Blood Sugar

CBC Screen Every 6 months, CBC: Complete Blood Cell count, Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells, Blood Platelets

Yearly EKG

Blood Pressure Every 6 months

Urine Exam, Urine Sediment, Cells, Crystals, Bacteria, Urine Chemistry, Chemical properties of urine such as protein and glucose, Urine Specific Gravity, Measurement of kidney function / urine concentration, Checks for infection, crystals, inflammation, decreased kidney function, diabetes

Thyroid Level, This Age group frequently has an over production of thyroid hormone and should have a screen every 6 months, Untreated: will result in weight loss, hyperactivity, stress on heart, abnormal behavior, Treatment:, Oral or transdermal medication, Radioactive Iodine, Surgery

Yearly X-rays, Joints / Bones, Dental / Tooth Roots, Chest Cavity, Heart, Pericardial Sac, Pleural Space, Lungs, Tissue, Airways, Vessles, Lymph Nodes, Abdominal Cavity, Internal Organs, Liver, Kidneys, Pancreas, Gall Bladder, Gastrointestinal Tract, Stomach, Small Intestines, Large Intestines, Urinary Tract, Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary Bladder, Lymph Nodes

Dental Care

Grooming

Nutritional Support

This age group frequently has reduced kidney function and requires a kidney friendly diet

Roayl canin Renal LP, Low Phosphorus: A restricted phosphorus intake is essential to slow the development of renal secondary hyperparathyroidism, Low Protein: Restricted levels of high biological value protein to minimize the production of nitrogenous waste products and improve the clinical signs associated with kidney disease, High Energy: High energy density utilizing dietary fat to improve palatability and reduce feeding volumes in inappetent pets, Natural Preservative: Naturally preserved to ensure freshness and quality

Ensure Adequate Food Intake. Appetite often suffers in this age group due to pre-existing diseases such as early kidney failure

Liquid Diets, Specialized Nutrition CliniCare RF is a liquid diet formulated with lower protein and lower electrolytes, designed to meet the needs of adult cats with renal and liver impairment.

Joint Support

Weight control to reduced forces on joints

Feline Cosequin Joint Supplement

Periodontal Disease

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New node

Prime: 3 - 6 Years

Bi-Annual Veterinary Examinations

This age group is often overlooked and would benefit from regular veterinary care

Problems frequently noted on a "healthy pet" exam include: ear infections, parasites, urinary tract infections, dietary sensitivities and many more.

Play, Weight, Activity

Review environmental enrichment

Teach techniques to increase the cat’s activity (eg, retrieve)

Encourage object and interactive play as a weight management strategy

Vaccination

Yearly Recombinant Rabies Vaccine, Based on AAFP Vaccine Guidelines

Upper Respiratory Vaccine at year 4

Fecal

Fecal Examination every 6months to 1 year based on lifestyle

Establish Normal Adult Database

Establish minimum database normals for the adult: blood, urine, weight...

Dietary Support

Males: Royal Canin Young Male WS, Optimal amounts of high quality protein to help preserve lean body mass, Urine dilution to reduce saturation of urine with minerals to prevent urinary crystal build-up, Natural preservatives: mixed tocopherols, rosemary extract, citric acid

Females: Royal Canin Young Adult, Urine Dilution to reduce urinary crystal formation, Optimal amounts of high quality protein, Natural preservatives: mixed tocopherols, rosemary extract, citric acid

Dental Care

Dental Cleaning Yearly

Continue Home Dental Care, Brushing, CET Rinse

Dental (CET) Chews

Dental Treats (d/d, t/d)

Junior: 7 Months to 2 Years

Bi-Annual Veterinary Examinations

Comprehensive Head to Tail veterinary examination

Diseases Common to this Age Group, Viruses, Parasites, Fungal Infections, Dietary Indescreation, Foreign Body Ingestion, Trauma, Abscess formation from cat fights, Hit by car and other trauma, Much more likely to occur in cats with outdoor access, Congenital Diseases, Gastrointestinal disease, Vomiting is NOT normal in cats, Food Allergies, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, Blockage / Foreign body, Metabolic Disease, Reproductive Disease, Dystocia (stuck kittens), Pyometra (uterus infection), Behavior Problems, Spray (frequent in intact males), Cat or human aggression, Scratching furniture or carpet, Periodontal Disease, Stomatitis (mouth Inflammation), Gingivitis (gum inflammation)

1st Year Vaccine Boosters

Panleukopenia Virus, Re-Vaccinate Every 3 Years

Herpesvirus-1, Re-Vaccinate Every 3 Years

Feline Calicivirus, Re-Vaccinate Every 3 Years

Rabies Vaccine, Canarypox virus-vectored, Recombinant (rRabies) DNA Vaccine, non-adjuvanted to reduce sarcoma risk, Requires yearly boosters, Exposure to Rabies in cats typically through wildlife such as bats.

Review of Litter Box Habits

Litter box set-up, cleaning and normal elimination behavior

Ensure that litter box size accommodates growing cat

Training

Provide continued training to allow manipulation of mouth, ears and feet

Establish Normal Database

Weight at 1 Year old typically is lifelong goal weight

Consider blood & urine minimum database based on breed and lifestyle (risk factors)

Fecal Testing

Completed at first yearly visit and then every 6 months to yearly based on exposure.

Continue Flea, Tick, Heartworm preventative

Dietary Support

Males: Royal Canin Young Male WS, Optimal amounts of high quality protein to help preserve lean body mass, Urine dilution to reduce saturation of urine with minerals to prevent urinary crystal build-up, Natural preservatives: mixed tocopherols, rosemary extract, citric acid

Females: Royal Canin Young Adult, Urine Dilution to reduce urinary crystal formation, Optimal amounts of high quality protein, Natural preservatives: mixed tocopherols, rosemary extract, citric acid

Mature: 7 - 10 Years

Bi-Annual Veterinary Examinations

Age Related Changes, Decreased skin elasticity, Iris Pigment changes Lenticular sclerosis (cloudy eyes) Iris atrophy, Decreased hearing, Decreased digestion/ absorption of fat, Decreased sense of smell, Brittle nails, Decreased lung reserve, Altered sleep wake cycle, Decreased stress tolorance

Diseases Common in this Age Group, Chronic Kidney Failure, Hyperthyroidism, Diabetes, Neoplasia, Periodontal Disease, Heart disease, Gastrointestinal disease, Liver Disease, Gastrointestinal disease

Litter Box Care:

Increased importance of good/easy accessibility to litter box, bed, food

Mobility Support:

Increase focus on mobility as joints age

Consider Nutritional Joint Support, Cosequin Feline

Diet:

Convert to a Mature Diet:, Royal Canin Mature wk 28, Dry &/or Canned acceptable

Dental Care

Yearly Cleaning and Periodontal Exams, Feline Oral Resorptive Lesions Common, Extractions Maybe needed, Based on previous dental care

CET Oral Rinse

CET Dental Chews

Royal Canin D/d treats

Minimum Database Lab Work-up Needed Yearly at 6+ Years Old

Blood Testing, Blood Chemistry, Organ Panel, Liver Values, Kidney Values, Pancreatic Values, Electrolytes, Sodium, Chloride, Potassium, Calcium, Blood Glucose, Blood Sugar, CBC: Complete Blood Cell count, Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells, Blood Platelets, Felv/Fiv Testing Yearly, Based on Exposure

Urine Testing, Urine Sediment, Cells, Crystals, Bacteria, Urine Chemistry, Chemical properties of urine such as protein and glucose, Urine Specific Gravity, Measurement of kidney function / urine concentration, Checks for infection, crystals, inflammation, decreased kidney function

Kitten: Birth to 6 Months

Physical Examinations

Comprehensive Head to Tail veterinarian examination each visit for a series of at least 3 visit during kitten series.

Diseases Common to this Age Group, Viruses, Parasites, Fungal Infections, Dietary Indescreation, Foreign Body Ingestion, Trauma, Congenital Diseases, Gastrointestinal disease

Vaccinations

Vaccine Recommendations: Kitten: #6-8 weeks of age and then every 3 weeks for a series of 3 visits. 3 combo Purevax vaccines 2 transdermal Felv Vacc 1 Rabies Vaccine Developed based on the Association of Feline practitioners guidelines http://www.catvets.com/professionals/guidelines/publications/ in an effort to protect your cat and give only the necessart vaccines.

Upper Respiratory Vaccines (combo), Panleukopenia Virus, Series of 3 Vaccines Starting at 6-8 Weeks of age, All feline vaccines used at Alta Mesa Animal Hospital are based on the AAFP Vaccine Guidelines (www.catvets.com), Feline Herpesvirus-1, Series of 3 Vaccines Starting at 6-8 Weeks of age, Series of 3 Vaccines Starting at 6-8 Weeks of age, Feline Calicivirus

Leukemia, Via Vet Jet Transdermal Vaccine, Given Twice During Kitten Series then yearly if indicated based on lifestyle, Needless Vaccine System, This is feline leukemia protection like you’ve never seen before. Non-adjuvanted PUREVAX® Recombinant Leukemia Vaccine and the VET JET™ transdermal vaccination system enhance immune response through targeted antigen presentation.

Rabies Vaccine, Given Once at last kitten series, then yearly, Purevax Rabies Vaccine, Non-adjuvanted, Recombinant technology, Revaccinate annually

Non-Core Vaccines, Used based on need/lifestyle, FIV: Feline Immunodeficiency Virus, FIP: Feline Infectious Periotinitis, Bordetella, Chlamydophilia, Feline Giardia

Parasite control

Internal Parasites, Fecal Examination needed as kitten, Recommendations from Companion Animal Parasite Control (capcvet.org), Administer year-round broad-spectrum parasite control with efficacy against heartworm, intestinal parasites with zoonotic potential, fleas, and ticks., Administer anthelmintic treatment to puppies and kittens starting at two weeks of age repeating every two weeks until regular broad spectrum parasite control begins., Maintain pregnant and nursing dams on broad-spectrum control products., Common Parasites in Kittens, Roundworms, Hookworms, Tapeworms, Whipworms, Coccidia, Giardia, Misc. protozoa, NOTE: Even if your pet has parasites you may not see worms in the feces. Your pet may 1) not be shedding the worms, 2) may not have mature worms yet, 3) may have parasites such as coccidia or giardia that cannot be seen w/out the aid of a microscope., NOTE: Many feline & canine parasites are potentially infectious to humans and deworming all pets is considered a public health issue., Preventative Deworming, At least twice as kitten, Liquid Dewormer, Pill Deworming, Monthly Heartworm / Gut Preventative as adult, Heartgard, Revolution

External Parasites, Control/Preventaion, Topical Monthly Product for Fleas/Ticks, Frontline Plus, Revolution, Includes: Fleas, Ticks and Mites

Diagnostic Testing

Fecal Examination

Felv/Fiv, Leukemia Testing, Feline Immunodeficiency Testing, Every Kitten should be tested

Behavior

Veterinarian Consult

Socalize, Appropriate Human & Animal Interactions, Acclimate to car and veterinary visits

Litter Box Set-up/Care, One per cat and one additional, Determine Best Location for cat, Determine Appropriate Substrate, Determine Best type of Box for cat

Play, Play and appropriate toys, Foraging

Training, Teach commands (eg, come, sit)

Grooming

Coat, Bathing, Brushing Coat, Furminator for cats

Teeth, Brushing Teeth, Chews, Treats

Claw Care, Discuss Laser Declaw, Nail Trimming, Soft Paws

Dietary Care

Higher Protein & Calorie Levels needed during this life stage.

Diet: Royal Canin Growth Kitten Food, Digestive support with fermentable fibers, MOS, and zeolite to balance gut flora, High Digestibility to ensure optimal intake of nutrients for growing kittens, Natural preservatives: mixed tocopherols, rosemary extract, citric acid

Reproductive Control

Responsible Pet Ownership includes preventing unwanted litters

Discuss sterilization: Typical spay / neuter via laser surgery at 4-6 months old.

Oral Care

Brushing

CET chews

Dental Treats, Roayl Canin dd, Science Diet t/d

Senior: 11 - 14 Years

Bi-Annual Veterinary Examinations

Age Related Changes, Decreased skin elasticity, Iris Pigment changes Lenticular sclerosis (cloudy eyes) Iris atrophy, Decreased hearing, Decreased digestion/ absorption of fat, Decreased sense of smell, Brittle nails, Decreased lung reserve, Altered sleep wake cycle, Decreased stress tolorance, Muscle loss / Atrophy Common

Diseases Common in this Age Group, Chronic Kidney Failure, Hyperthyroidism, Diabetes, Neoplasia, Periodontal Disease, Hypertension, Eye Problems, Heart disease, Gastrointestinal disease, Note: Many of these disease will cause similar symptoms or the disease signs may be confused as normal aging by many owners. Blood & Urine testing is needed.

Diagnostics

Organ Screen Every 6 months, Blood Chemistry, Organ Panel, Liver Values, Kidney Values, Pancreatic Values, Electrolytes, Sodium, Chloride, Potassium, Calcium, Blood Glucose, Blood Sugar

CBC Screen Every 6 months, CBC: Complete Blood Cell count, Red Blood Cells, Check for Anemia, Infection, White Blood Cells, Infection, Inflammation, Blood Platelets, Bleeding Disorders

Yearly X-rays, Chest Cavity, Heart, Pericardial Sac, Pleural Space, Lungs, Tissue, Airways, Vessles, Lymph Nodes, Abdominal Cavity, Internal Organs, Liver, Kidneys, Pancreas, Gall Bladder, Gastrointestinal Tract, Stomach, Small Intestines, Large Intestines, Urinary Tract, Kidneys, Ureters, Urinary Bladder, Lymph Nodes, Joints / Bones, Dental / Tooth Roots

Yearly EKG

Blood Pressure Every 6 months, Hypertension in cats of all ages is a common finding and left untreated it may result in heart disease or blindness

Urine Exam, Urine Sediment, Cells, Crystals, Bacteria, Urine Chemistry, Chemical properties of urine such as protein and glucose, Urine Specific Gravity, Measurement of kidney function / urine concentration, Checks for infection, crystals, inflammation, decreased kidney function

Thyroid Level, Hyperthyroidism in older cats is very common and untreated may result in heart failure. Yearly screening of thyroid level is needed.

Dietary Needs may change

Often Need decreased protein and or calories

Royal Canin Mature wk 28, Promote Joint Health, Phosphorus Control for renal Health, Natural preservatives: mixed tocopherols, rosemary extract, citric acid