reduced to a simple dualism, life, death
discipline-blockade, enclosed institution, on the edges of society, suspending time, exceptional discipline
discipline-mechanism, functional mechanism, power, lighter, more effective, more rapid, subtle, generalized surveillance
Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison is a book written by the philosopher Michel Foucault. Originally published in 1975 in France under the title Surveiller et punir: Naissance de la...
controlling the crowd
increasing the utility of the individual
external surveillance, Christian School, surveillance of parents, hospital, surveillance of those outside
spread of disciplinary procedures
flexible, transferable, adaptable
18th century police apparatus, complete surveillance, co-extensive with the social body, interstitial discipline, disciplining the non-disciplinary spaces
'Discipline' may be identified neither with an institution nor with an apparatus; it is a type of power, a modality for its exercise, comprising a whole set of instruments, techniques, procedures, levels of application, targets; it is a 'physics' or an 'anatomy' of power, a technology.
levels of applications
anatomy of power
type of power
modality for the exercise of power
ordering of human multiplicities
optimize effects of social power, intensity, extension
optimize the state apparatuses (educational, military, industrial or medical) and their link to social power
The growth of a capitalist economy gave rise to the specific modality of disciplinary power whose general formulas, techniques of submitting forces and bodies, in short, 'political anatomy', could be operated in the most diverse political regimes, apparatuses or institutions.
What generalizes the power to punish, then, is not the universal consciousness of the law in each juridical subject; it is the regular extension, the infinitely minute web of panoptic techniques.
18th century, bourgeoisie the politically dominant class, masked by a formally egalitarian judicial framework, Enlightenment, liberties, disciplines
18th century, combination of disciplinary mechanisms, mutual reinforcement, knowledge, power, The eighteenth century invented the techniques of discipline and the examination, rather as the Middle Ages invented the judicial investigation., sciences of man