Sophie's World

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Sophie's World by Mind Map: Sophie's World

1. Innate ideas a myth

2. Can Also be considered "fatalism"

2.1. Evidence of fate in real life?

3. The Baroque

3.1. Love of the extravagant

3.2. Quiz question.. All the world is a stage quote. Philosophical question. What it contrasts to. Etc

3.2.1. Determinism

3.3. Theater, music, and a greater awareness that life was limited

3.4. One problem with materialism is the difficulty with finding a thought in the material form.

4. The Garden of Eden

4.1. Walking with friend home

4.1.1. Receives envelope

4.1.1.1. Who are you. First question. Might be a good start to the class.

4.1.1.1.1. Hildle Moller Knag and Sophie Amundsen

4.2. Enduring lesson

4.2.1. Questions we rarely ponder.

5. The Top Hat

5.1. The big questions presented

5.1.1. Where do we come from?

5.1.1.1. How must we live?

5.1.1.1.1. This is probably the best focus for the class.

5.2. E.L.

6. The Myths

6.1. Thor's hammer and myth explaining science

6.2. 570 BC Xenophanes first reek to question Greek mythology.

7. The Natural Philosophers

7.1. Early philosopher were really scientists.

7.1.1. Miletus Greek island

7.1.1.1. Thales

7.1.1.1.1. Traveled to Egypt observed natural phenomonon

7.1.1.2. Anaximander

7.1.1.2.1. "boundless" substance makes up things

7.1.1.3. Anaximenes

7.1.1.3.1. Air was the main ingredient of earth, water and fire

7.1.2. Heraclitus

7.1.2.1. All about flow

7.1.3. Parmenides

7.1.4. Empedocles

7.1.4.1. Earth, wind, fire water

7.1.5. Anaxagoras

7.2. Philosophy begins with wonder. If there is no curiosity, there is no point to discussing these matters.

8. Democritus

8.1. Why is the Lego ingenious?

8.1.1. Atoms are indivisible, immutable, and eternal

8.2. The first MATERIALIST

9. Socrates

9.1. Sophists

9.1.1. Relativism

9.2. Modesty, self-knowledge, Natural Truth

9.2.1. Socratic Method

10. Fate

10.1. Sophie finds Hilde's red scarf in her room.

11. Athens

11.1. Plato's idea world

12. Plato

12.1. The soul is different

13. The major's cabin

13.1. Cookie cutters that reflect forms. Can not shake a box of legoes and get a Lego horse.

14. Aristotle

14.1. Final cause

14.2. Question

15. Hellenistic period

15.1. Neoplatoism

15.2. Stoics, cynics and epicureans

16. Page 372

17. The Indo-Europeans

17.1. Shared in their early polytheism

17.2. Semite influence

17.2.1. Emphasis on hearing over seeing.

17.2.2. Linear history

17.3. Jesus

17.4. Paul the Jew

18. The Middle Ages

18.1. Thomas Aquainas

18.1.1. Fused Aristotle (reason) with faith (bible) - Asserted that the two were not incompatible

18.1.2. Understanding nature is understanding God

18.2. Saint Augustine

19. Renaissance

19.1. We are playing parts and it is themaxhine of the subconscious that is driving us

19.2. Man is a process and becomes, different from the M.A. version of born to be doomed.

19.3. Birth of Empiricism - Theorizing and testing.

19.4. Convergence of the Arab, Eastern Christian and Western Christian Thought

20. Descartes

20.1. Rejected the mechanical view focused on mind body relationship.

20.2. Reconstructed his ideas from previous beliefs

20.3. Deconstruction of all he knew

20.3.1. Cogito ergo sum

20.4. On god... If a man can perceive of a perfect Devine being it must exist, other wise it would not have the quality of existence.

20.5. Qualatative ve and quantative

20.6. Duelism. Two parts

20.6.1. Matter - extension

20.6.2. Mind - consciousness

20.6.3. Lesson idea

20.7. How can we be certain that life is not a dream?......one cannot

21. The British Empiricists

21.1. We are what we experience

21.2. Locke and Tabula Rasa

21.2.1. Agreed with Descartes to a point

21.3. Hume

21.3.1. Impressions

21.3.2. Ideas

21.3.3. Complex ideas

21.3.4. Assignment Idea - Experiment on yourself doing the Harvard Associations test and explain your results through the eyes of Hume.

21.3.5. On the Cosmological argument

21.3.6. "is" and "Aught"

21.4. Berkeley

21.4.1. Felt Threatened by the increasing Materialistic movement

22. Spinoza

22.1. God is everywhere, not a puppeteer, but within everything, a pantheist view of the world.

22.2. Not duelistic like Descartes, but believing similar doctrines of mind giving way to substance. Either the mind of God or of an individual.

22.3. Determinism in the view of the roles we play.

22.4. We are all part of a greater system and free will (as Descartes saw it) wasn't possible because of our environment.

23. The Englightenment

23.1. Essentially, the empiricists and rationalists put into social action

24. Kant

24.1. Rose colored glasses

24.1.1. Time and space do not exist outside of ourselves

24.2. Belied in god was a practical matter for the sake of morality.

24.3. Categorical imperative

24.3.1. Solves the problem of how much to give.

24.4. What we perceive is shaped by our reason

24.5. I like the ball analogy

24.6. Brain trust behind the league of nations

25. Romantacism

25.1. Reaction to Kant

25.1.1. Personal expression and feeling

25.1.2. Hippies before their time

25.1.3. Wonder what the link is to fascism?

25.2. Organic

26. Hegel

26.1. Also had the idea of the spirit, but it lacked the spiritual aspect.

26.2. History as a river dialectic process

26.3. Three divisions of the world spirit