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Student characteristics short communications by Mind Map: Student characteristics short
communications
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Student characteristics short communications

Presentation 1

Development of MED NORD - A tool for measuring medical students'well-being and study orientations

Dysfunctional approach, Exhaustion, Lack of regulation, anxiety

Collaborative knowledge building

Cookbook approach

Social orientation

Individual abilities approach

Picture

Participants and data collection

missed slide

PBL vs non-PBL, picture, Indicators of Well-being, Feedback, Optimism, stress level 3 out of 5 may be optimal: indicating engagement

What variables predict student satisfaction?, Lack of interest, -0,29, Component of burn out, Optimism, 0,21, Feedback, 0,17, Picture, Model explained 19% of variance

What do we NOT know yet

How are PBL students different when it comes to components of dysfunctional orientation

Are some components more harmful than others?

Contact detail

Picture

Survey is very diagnostic, willing to send info

Discussion

picture

Questions

Outcomes used for, New profession developed, Study councellor, using this data, quite often: 4 years of study people come doubting commitment, Is service trusted?, Medical students are least likely to attend, crowded with humanities and social sciences

Exhaustionis quite high in whole group, Medical students may be used to higher stress levels, 1st and 4th yeras students, In beginning more exhausted

Presentation 2

Emotional intelligence and academic performance

by James Heron and Phillip Evans, Glasgow

Elizabeth Austin

Carried out in 2009

Objectives

pictures

What did we measure

Emotional intelligence:, The ability to perceive, understand, use and mange emotions, Ability to recognise and respond to the emotional needs of patients, High physician EI positively correlated with patient satisfaction, In medical students evidence that high ei is correlated with good performance in communication skills task

Empathy, related to EI, Evidence of greater patient compliance when high physician empathy score, Review found that clinical empathy was key to high quality care

The Big-5 personality traits:, Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Neuroticism

The BIG 5 in medicine, Literature review, picture

picture

Methods

ethical approval

Modified validated 41-item questionnaire measuring undergraduates

Completed questionnaires anonymed

EI, empathy and personality traits analysed in respect to performance in written examinations coursework and MILE (medical independent learning exercises)

picture

picture

Results

missed first slide

No other statistical correlation between EI and academic performance

Conclusions

limitations:, less than 10% response rate

Strengths, high internal reliabilities of questionnaire measures, rigorous statistical analysis of results

Conscientiousness is a significant predictor of academic success. This is in accordance with previous research

There is no relationship between EI, empathy, other traits and success in written axams and coursework.

Perhaps examinations therefore reward conscientiousness and neglect other possibly desirable traits such as openness and agreeableness

more research is needed to establish the correlation between EI, empathy and traits and OSCE's and clinical examinations

Presentation 3

Measures of creativity and response pattern to adversity

Not much written on it

Conceptual framework

Guidford 1950 & Torrance 1962, creativity

Stolz 2000, Adversity quotient

picture

Exploratory phase

Review concepts and existing measures

Pool and modify items

content validation by experts

Questionnaire, creativity, no items each field, response terms to adversity, no items each field

Survey

1204 population

returned 56%

54% had <19 units missing

Validation

Construct, factor analysis, excluse as many items as possible

content, independent experts

Reliability

Internal consistency, Cronbach's alpha, higher than .7, future: test-retest, item-total corelation, higher than 0.3

Results

Slide photo, Factors, Elaboration, Fluency, Innovation, Control, Adjustment

Analysis, Year, clinical vs pre-clinical, Clinical, Fluency increases, Innovation increases, Gender, GPAX, When students get better at tests, innovation decreases

Conclusion

Interesting to look at

Medical education may affect creativity

Med Ed may affect RPA

further validation is required to increase the validity of the measure.

Other attributes should be included and relationships should be explored such as creativity and drive to achievement, academic misconduct

Questions

Example items (items in thai)

Comment

Can we add students active in association yes/no

New node

Contact

chaichana.n@chula.ac.tw, To do: contact

Presentation 4

Background

Feminisation of profession

desire

workload

generation?

gender?

Aim

explore future life expectations of women and men at begin and end of education

Open question

My life will look like this in 10-15 years

Man/woman

can you distinguish answers

Sample - Slide

Summary of work

Data 507 first- and last term students

contetn analysis

encoding

quantitative analysis

findings

Picture - themes

Work, I Like my job, I know what I want to be, Full-time, Part-time

Family, partner, Children

Leisure, Travel and hobbies, Friends and relatives, physical activity

Quality of personal life, etc.

Summary of results

We found no general pattern of home-centered women and work-centered men

see picture etc

Conclusions

picture

Questions

Do you follow up on this?

Will dreams change?

Follow up study on same cohort?

To do

Mail to PWG - Bernardo

Presentation 5

The WHO Quality of Life questionnaire: usefulness for medical education

WHOQOL-BREF, abbreviated Australian version

rationale

1. to optimise training

2. to monitor QOL of med students

3. implications for future competence as clinicians

Is the instrument any good for medical students?

Participants

1273 med students

year 4,5

response rate 80%

Ethnicity, A:E:M:PI:O --- 97:99:14:14:47

Gender, M:F -> 122:150

Age, 23 years

Procedure

missed by me

Results

Picture

Conclusions

picture

Questions

other students, No difference between medical students and other students --> unlike expected (different study)

Presentation 6

Raising a family while earning a medical degree?

A study on supporting factors

Background

Childlessness in female university graduates

Some involuntarily

Very few female professors

Purpose

Identify which factors enable or hinder a successful medical education for students deciding to rais a family

Method

Examine the living and study experience of students with children

picture

Study

Participants, 5 medical schools in Germany

Response rate

Characteristics, 80% female, 29-30 years old, children plusminus 5 yo, most married, child planned in 60%

Beneficial because, young parenthood has advantage, desire is not delayed, etc

Family friendliness, picture, Positively correlates with, Study organization, Information, Attitude

Problems, >60% problems, Compulsory courses (64%), Courses afternoon, Many exams in short periods, picture

Information = problem, picture

Conclusion, picture

Presentation 7

title?

Background

students don't seek help when in trouble

interventions

PBL Case, presentation of disfunctional students, ADHD, Case discussion, How change of behavior could improve performance, review of evidence, Presentation, Reflection, study habits

Aim

raise awareness on generic student problem

behavior change was reported by facilitators

Survey was sent

Student views

picture

Faculty views

picture

Interpretation

Self-efficacy, weakest students are least likely to seek help

Parallel process, term from psychotherapy, frame: teacher-trainer w students, PBL, Reflection increased self-awareness, Behavioral change, Seems

Discussion

Self-reported change, notoriously unreliable

Results encouraging enough to develop new cases

Conclusions

opportunity, see, observe, discuss

Small wordings in cases produces different results

Contact info

jalleyne@rossmed.edu.dm

kwinston@rossmed.edu.dm