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ARISTOTLE by Mind Map: ARISTOTLE
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ARISTOTLE

Aristotle's Biology

Metophysics

For Aristotle, to engage the problem of knowledge, we must begin with our senses.

How do our senses differ from other animals?

All forms of life have nutritive, reproductive, and locomotive power.

All animals differ by having the power of sensation and perception [unlike plants].

More complex animals have intellectual power [power solving ability; humans].

Aristotle argues that humans have a special intellectual power called reason.

How does Aristotle differ from Plato and Socrates?

Aristotle does not believe in the World of Forms, but thinks that everything that he can understand are the things we can touch.

He creates and applies a scientific model to philosophical investigation.

What is teleological system?

Aristotle believed that everything that exists in this world has causes [things that drive them to be created].

He provides 4 causes:

Connection to Art History

EX: DORYPHOROS

EX: PARTHENON

EX: OLD DRUNKEN WOMEN/LAOCOON AND HIS SONS

Where do the forms reside?

Aristotle believes that the forms lie inside the things themselves.

Each thing that we see is a part of a teleological [goal oriented] system.