Nature does nothing by chance, we have been given senses to use them to understand the world.
Human biology creates our senses, These senses help us obtain knowledge
Animals differ because the have the power of sensation and perception, more complex animals have intellectual power (problem solving abilities)., ie. beavers make dams to control the flow of water, Humans also have reason, which is the ability to comprehend universals, Universals=art, math, science
If he can't see it, it doesn't exist, Doesn't believe in the world of forms-Plato
Its existence needs to be proved with the senses
Material Cause: the material form in which the thing is made, Doryphoros (Roman Copy)-material cause is marble
Formal Cause: The shape or form a thing must take in order to be recognized, Doryphoros (Roman Copy)-uses contraposto, holding spear, head is tilted slightly to the left
Efficient cause: The actual force used to make the thing, Doryphoros (Roman Copy)-Chisel, hammer, sand paper
Final Cause: The ultimate purpose of the thing., Doryphoros (Roman Copy)-teaches the use of reason, Shows a man thinking about what he is going to do before he acts and fights, Conforms to phi-the perfect mathematical ratio
The wood does not naturally just create a ship
The creator needs to think and plan out what he will do with the wood before he can make a well built ship.
DNA is an example of a built in form of living things
An acorn has a built in form and will always become an oak tree when it matures
Our goal is to be happy
Breaks this concept down scientifically and provides very specific ways for a person to become happy, The only way to obtain virtue is through practice