The Timeline of Nanotechnology Past, Present and Future

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The Timeline of Nanotechnology Past, Present and Future by Mind Map: The Timeline of Nanotechnology Past, Present and Future

1. Hey guys, this is my final product

2. Contract of members

3. Nanotechnology in Nature

3.1. Nature's Nanotechnology

3.1.1. Mankind’s experience in this realm is limited, while nature has been building at the molecular level for billions of years.

3.1.2. Miniscule crystals, just one nanometer across, on the surface of the lotus leaf, for example, are the leaf’s own integrated vacuum cleaners. The crystals help water droplets to carry dust and dirt off the surface, keeping the lead clean at all times. This "lotus effect" is the basis behind self-cleaning windows. Tiny hair-like projections on the feet of the gecko lizard are now known to contain nano-sized structures that act as a dry adhesive and give the lizard the ability to walk on walls and ceilings.

3.1.3. Nanotechnology and the continuing evolution of microscopy are revealing so much more about the natural world that before we could not understand. Such discoveries will help scientists to unravel the solutions nature offer to many problems.

3.1.4. In both plants and animals, specialized pores, called aquaporins, control the flow of water into and out of cells – a critical function for survival. In plants, they help to suck the water from the soil into the roots. In humans, they are essential to the functioning of the kidneys.

3.1.5. Nature plays a very important role in many nonotechnology projects. Some nanotechnologists study cellular biology, although most cells are much larger than the nanoscale. For example, oncologists are looking into nanotechnology as a potential way to treat cancer patients. The basic idea is to create tiny vessels perhaps just 100 nanometres wide. This will carry minute doses of an anti-cancer drug.

3.1.6. Hey guys, I found this website, it has lots of useful imformation about different plants and animals in nature that use nanotechnological structures that are being discovered by scientists to help with everyday products. Give it a quick look over, it talks a lot about everyday products that are manipulated by nanotechnology that could also help you with your research.

3.1.7. From the nanoparticles that coated the surface of your plane to reduce drag, to the way the hotel pool was cleaned, nanotechnology was there. It boosted your sunscreen's ability to reflect harmful ultraviolet radiation, rendered your shirt with that just-ironed look and armoured your designer shades against unwanted scratches. Your gadgets also used nanotechnology to store your snaps and songs on their respective hard-drives and flash memory.

3.1.8. "There are things we've been using for a long time which contain nanosize components, like the lasers in DVD and CD players," says Milo Shaffer, head of the London Centre for Nanotechnology.


3.1.10. Hey guys I've found these images that can be useful for our brochure

4. Nanomanufacturing for different applications

4.1. Nanomanufacturing, the commercially scalable and economically sustainable mass production of nanoscale materials and devices, represents the tangible outcome of the nanotechnology revolution. In contrast to those used in nanofabrication for research purposes, nanomanufacturing processes must satisfy the additional constraints of cost, throughput, and time to market.



4.3. This is a great site for understanding most concepts that surround nanotechnology.

4.4. "Additive nanomanufacturing has provided a pathway for inexpensive and flexible manufacturing of specialized components and one-off parts. At the nanoscale, such techniques are less ubiquitous. Manufacturing at the nanoscale is dominated by lithography tools that are too expensive for small- and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to invest in. Additive nanomanufacturing (ANM) empowers smaller facilities to design, create, and manufacture on their own while providing a wider material selection and flexible design. This is especially important as nanomanufacturing thus far is largely constrained to 2-dimensional patterning techniques and being able to manufacture in 3-dimensions could open up new concepts."

4.5. Hey guys, I found a pretty cool example of nanomanufacturing with an explanation and pictures attached. Just click the little paper clip to view the images.

4.5.1. A product of nanomanufacturing: A 16 gauge wire, approximately 1.3 millimeters in diameter, made from carbon nanotubes that were spun into thread. And the same wire on a 150 ply spool



4.7.1. I found both these websites really useful

5. Josh's references

5.1. Benefits and Applications. (n.d.). Retrieved from Exponent. (n.d). [Photograph]. Retrieved from Herring, A. (2012). A custom probe station that varies temperature and atmospheric pressure to measure the electrical properties of materials at the Center for High- rate Nanomanufacturing. [Photograph by Brooks Canaday]. Retrieved from Liddle, J. A., & Gallatin, G. M. (2016). Nanomanufacturing: A perspective. ACS Nano, 10(3), 2995. doi: 10.1021/acsnano.5b03299 Manufacturing at the Nanoscale. Retrieved from Nanotechnology has numerous applications. (2016). [Photograph] Retrieved from The 9 Best Nanotechnology-Powered Products | (2010). Discover Magazine. Retrieved from

6. Josh's brochure page

7. Josh's brochure page draft

8. Facebook group message screenshots

9. Photos of Facebook group chat

9.1. Continued PSE group chat

10. Final Draft

11. Peer feedback on draft brochure from different group.

12. Finished copy, ready to submit

13. Lochie : After seeing just how fast nanotechnology has progressed over the last 40 years we can only imagine where the next 40 will take us. The brochure has shown in what this technology is and how versatile it is From invisibility skin to soak up radar rays to wireless chargers these all have some sort of nano particles created to be used to adapt to ever growing technology needs. One thing that needs to be focused on is ethics. There is a lack of ethics in where morally and legally will this can cross the line.

14. Hey guys, has great nano news, databases and resources.

15. Job List

15.1. Week 1: We projected that by Tuesday next week we needed to start posting articles on mind miester

15.2. Job List week 2

15.2.1. Week 2 By this time next week we have decided to start our draft and we will edit each of of our drafts giving and receiving feedback.

15.3. Job List week 3

15.3.1. Week 3: By next week Friday (08/04) We all will have finalised our summaries for the brochure, as well as found several pictures relevant to each of the four main topics we are covering in the brochure.

16. The discovery and history of Nanotechnology

16.1. Useful article:

16.2. Useful article:

16.3. This section of the brochure will be a timeline of significant events that shaped nanotechnology, like Feymann's lecture and the 1980's "golden age".

17. Future uses of nanotechnology and ethics

17.1. Including controllable platforms based on DNA nanotechnology and two-dimensional materials. Sustainable delivery vehicles based on natural pollen materials are also presented along with macromolecular strategies to optimize the therapeutic properties of lipid-based nanomedicine carriers.

17.2. The projected impact of nanotechnology has been touted as a second industrial revolution - not the third, fourth, or fifth- because despite similar predictions for technologies such as computers and robotics, nothing has yet eclipsed the first.

17.3. Due to the recent jumps of nanotechnology there have not yet been any significant ethics procedures to be put into place by scientists

18. Week 1 Summary

18.1. Lochie: I decided that I needed to research the future and ethics of nanotechnology. Given that the task is to show first year science students what nanotechnology is. I decided to find relevant quotes explaining basic concepts what nano technology is trying to achieve

18.2. Thomas: I tried to find scholarly articles that were relevant to the history of nanotechnology. I sifted through the articles to find ones that i could understand as a first year science student.

18.3. Josh: This week I read up on the basic concepts of nanomanufacturing in order to understand how different nanostructures can be applied to various scientific fields of research. I've linked the website: as a go to for any questions or ideas on topics relating to nanotechnology that might aid us in our research process.

19. Resources and Articles


19.2. Hey guys, checkout this channel Vsauce2 it's got great videos on the latest research in nanotechnology that scientists have to offer. Look for the videos mind blow

20. Draft Summaries:

21. Job list week 4

22. Summary of week 4

22.1. So on the 8/04/2016 I called a meeting to organise what the brochure will look like. Today we have two weeks to work out what is the best way to grab peoples attention. We've decided to create a word document and add our pages to it. Then from there we will type up a 100 word summary for the cover page.

23. By next week we should of finished the construction of the brochure layout and started to add our summaries of our topics. We are planing to edit and review each others articles to check for grammar and referencing mistakes.

24. History of Nanotechnology

24.1. Friday's copy

25. Hey guys here's my draft brouchure of the journal article

26. This week we are the putting the final touches to our brochure and fixing mistakes in the library. We will be submitting this straight after we have complied everything

27. ww