CONCEPT OF KNOWLEDGE

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CONCEPT OF KNOWLEDGE by Mind Map: CONCEPT OF KNOWLEDGE

1. HOW KNOWLEDGE IS DEFINED?

1.1. IN ARABIC WORD, ILM' MEANS:

1.1.1. UNDERSTANDING (Al-Fiqh)

1.1.1.1. الفقه

1.1.2. KNOWING BY EXPERIMENT (Al-Ma'rifah)

1.1.3. OBSERVATION (Tadabbur)

1.1.4. MENTAL PERCEPTION (Basiran)

1.1.5. THOUGHT (Tafakkur)

1.1.6. REMEMBRANCE (Tadhakkur)

1.2. TECHNICALLY KNOWLEDGE MEANS:

1.2.1. The arrival of the meaning of an object in the soul and its arrival at the meaning (Al-Attas)

1.2.2. Realization of the meaning of things (Al-Ghazali)

1.2.3. A firm belief that accords with the reality of things (Surah Muhammad 47:19)

1.2.4. Realization of something in its true nature

2. DEGREES OF KNOWLEDGE

2.1. KNOWLEDGE BY ('ILM AL-YAQIN) INFERENCE

2.2. KNOWLEDGE BY ('AYN AL-YAQIN) PERCEPTION AND OBSERVATION

2.3. KNOWLEDGE BY (HAQQ AL-YAQIN) INNER EXPERIENCE

3. IMPORTANCE OF KNOWLEDGE

3.1. The first relevation to the Messenger of Allah (Al-Alaq: 1-5)

3.2. Parallel with the man's obligation as a khalifah (Al-Baqarah: 30-33)

3.3. Islam is a religion based upon knowledge

3.4. Knowledge is the way to recognize Allah and discover the truth (An-Nisa': 162/Saba': 6)

3.5. The Quran is inviting man to ponder, think and learn

3.6. Allah created and provided man wih the tools for acquiring knowledge (Al-Nahl: 78)

4. ADAB (MANNERS) AND KNOWLEDGE ACQUISATION

4.1. Purify soul from impure traits and blameworthy characteristics

4.2. Minimize affairs of the world

4.3. Be humble towards the teachers

4.4. Ignore the different opinions among people

5. CLASSIFICATION OF KNOWLEDGE

5.1. LIMITED KNOWLEDGE

5.1.1. GIFTED KNOWLEDGE

5.1.1.1. SACRED KNOWLEDGE

5.1.1.1.1. Knowledge that Allah teaches men by way of Revelation to His Messengers

5.1.1.2. NATURAL KNOWLEDGE (DARURI)

5.1.1.2.1. Knowledge imparted in the very nature of the creation like the instinctive knowledge of animals and human babies

5.1.2. ACQUIRED KNOWLEDGE

5.1.2.1. ACQUIRED THROUGH EFFORT BY WAY OF REFLECTION, SENSE PERCEPTION AND EXPERIMENT, EXPERIENCE

5.1.2.1.1. Blameworthy knowldege

5.1.2.1.2. Praiseworthy knowledge

5.2. ABSOLUTE KNOWLEDGE

5.2.1. SACRED KNOWLEDGE

5.2.1.1. Knowledge that Allah teaches men by way of Revelation to His Messengers

5.2.2. NATURAL KNOWLEDGE (DARURI)

5.2.2.1. Knowledge imparted in the very nature of the creation like the instinctive knowledge of animals and human babies

5.2.2.1.1. DIRECT

5.2.2.1.2. SENSUAL

6. PURPOSE OF SEEKING KNOWLEDGE IN ISLAMIC PERSPECTIVES

6.1. To practice with the knowledge as what our Prophet Muhammad SAW says in his prayers:

6.1.1. "O Allah! Make my knowledge profitable for me, give me kowledge which is profitable and add i my knowledge." (Tirmidhi, Da'wat, 128)

6.1.2. "O Allah! I seek your refugee from useless knowledge." (Tirmidhi, Da'awat, 68)

6.2. To achieve the happiness of both worlds (hasanah fi dunya wal akhirah)

6.2.1. This world is like a field in which our actions are sown like seeds and they grow into plats which are then harvested in the next world

6.3. To distinguish between right and wrong

6.4. To seek Allah's pleasure