Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue

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Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue by Mind Map: Chapter 10 Muscle Tissue

1. Contraction and relaxation of skeletal muscle fibers

1.1. The sliding filament mechanism

1.1.1. The contraction cycle

1.1.1.1. Atp hydrolysis

1.1.1.2. Attachment of myosin to actin to form cross-bridges

1.1.1.3. Power stroke

1.1.1.4. Detachment of myosin from actin

1.1.2. Excitation-contraction coupling

1.1.2.1. Calcium release channels

1.1.2.2. Calcium active transport pumps

1.1.2.3. Calsequestrin

1.1.3. Length-tension relationship

1.2. The neuromuscular junction

1.2.1. Nervous system review

1.2.2. Muscle action potential

1.2.2.1. Release of acetylcholine

1.2.2.2. Activation of Ach receptors

1.2.2.3. Production of muscle action potential

1.2.2.4. Termination of acetylcholine activity

1.2.2.4.1. Acetylcholinesterase

2. Overview of muscle tissue

2.1. Types of muscle tissue

2.1.1. Skeletal m.

2.1.2. Cardiac m.

2.1.3. Smooth m.

2.2. Functions of muscle tissue

2.2.1. Producing body movements

2.2.2. Stabilizing body positions

2.2.3. Storing and moving substances within the body

2.2.4. Generating heat

2.3. Properties of muscular tissue

2.3.1. Electrical excitability

2.3.2. Contractility

2.3.3. Extensibility

2.3.4. Elasticity

3. Skeletal muscle tissue

3.1. Connective tissue components

3.1.1. Fascia

3.1.2. Epimysium

3.1.3. Perimysium

3.1.4. Endomysium

3.1.5. Tendon

3.1.6. Aponeurosis

3.2. Nerve and blood supply

3.3. Microscopic anatomy of a skeletal muscle fiber

3.3.1. Sarcolemma, transverse tubules, sarcoplasm

3.3.1.1. Myoglobin

3.3.2. Myofibrils and sarcoplasmic reticulum

3.3.2.1. Terminal cisterns

3.3.2.2. Triad

3.3.3. Filaments and the sarcomere

3.3.3.1. Z discs

3.3.3.2. A band

3.3.3.3. I band

3.3.3.4. H zone

3.3.3.5. M line

3.3.4. Muscle proteins

3.3.4.1. Contractile proteins

3.3.4.1.1. Actin

3.3.4.1.2. Myosin

3.3.4.2. Regulatory proteins

3.3.4.2.1. Tropomyosin

3.3.4.2.2. Troponin

3.3.4.3. Structural proteins

3.3.4.3.1. Titin

3.3.4.3.2. Actinin

3.3.4.3.3. Myomesin

3.3.4.3.4. Nebulin

3.3.4.3.5. Dystrophin

4. Muscle metabolism

4.1. Production of ATP in muscle fibers

4.1.1. Creatine phosphate

4.1.2. Anaerobic glycolysis

4.1.3. Aerobic respiration

4.2. Muscle fatigue

4.3. Oxygen consumption after exercise

4.3.1. Oxygen debt

4.3.2. Recovery oxygen uptake

5. Control of muscle tension

5.1. Motor units

5.2. Twitch contraction

5.2.1. Myogram

5.2.2. Latent period

5.2.3. Contraction period

5.2.4. Relaxation period

5.2.5. Refractory period

5.3. Frequency of stimulation

5.3.1. Wave summation

5.3.2. Unfused tetanus

5.3.3. Fused tetanus

5.4. Motor unit recruitment

5.5. Muscle tone

5.6. Isotonic and isometric contractions

5.6.1. Isotonic

5.6.1.1. Concentric

5.6.1.2. Eccentric

5.6.2. Isometric

6. Types of skeletal muscle fibers

6.1. Slow oxidative fibers

6.2. Fast oxidative-glycolytic fibers

6.3. Fast glycolytic fibers

6.4. Distribution and recruitment of different types of fibers

7. Exercise and skeletal muscle tissue

7.1. Effective stretching

7.2. Strength training

8. Cardiac muscle tissue

9. Smooth muscle tissue

9.1. Visceral (single unit)

9.2. Multiunit

9.3. Microscopic anatomy of smooth muscle

9.3.1. Intermediate filaments

9.3.2. Caveolae

9.3.3. Dense bodies

9.4. Physiology of smooth muscle

9.4.1. Calmodulin

9.4.2. Smooth muscle tone

9.4.3. Stress-relaxation response

10. Regeneration of muscle tissue

10.1. Hypertrophy

10.2. Hyperplasia