South Sudan

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South Sudan by Mind Map: South Sudan

1. Politics

1.1. Government

1.1.1. Presidential Republic

1.1.1.1. chief of state

1.1.1.2. head of government

1.1.1.3. cabinet

1.1.1.4. presidential elections

1.1.2. legislative branch

1.1.2.1. council of states

1.1.2.1.1. 50 members

1.1.3. judicial branch

1.1.3.1. Supreme Court of South Sudan

1.2. Chief of Mission for U.S.

1.2.1. U.S ambassador Mary Catherine PHEE- July15

1.3. Flag Description

1.3.1. three horizontal bands

1.3.1.1. blue isosceles triangle

1.3.1.1.1. gold five pointed star

1.3.2. black represents South Sudan

1.3.3. red represents the blood shed for independence

1.3.4. green represents the verdant land

1.3.5. blue represents the water of the Nile

1.4. National Symbols

1.4.1. African fish eagle

1.5. Political Parties

1.5.1. Sudan People's Liberation Movement or SPLM [Salva KIIR Mayardit]

1.5.2. Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-In Opposition or SPLM-IO [Riek MACHAR Teny Dhurgon]

1.5.3. Democratic Change Party or DCP [Lam AKOL]

1.6. Constitution

1.6.1. Last signed July 7, 2011

1.6.1.1. Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan

2. Religion and Ethnicity

2.1. Ethnic Groups

2.1.1. Main

2.1.1.1. Dinka(1 million)

2.1.1.2. Neur(15%)

2.1.1.3. Bari

2.1.1.4. Azande

2.1.2. Minor

2.1.2.1. Luo

2.1.2.2. Shilluk

2.1.2.2.1. Othuo

2.1.2.3. Toposa

2.1.2.4. Didinga

2.1.2.5. Tennet

2.1.2.6. Acholi

2.1.2.7. Murle

2.1.2.8. Moru

2.1.2.9. Bari

2.1.2.10. Baggara

2.2. Religious Groups

2.2.1. Indigenous Religion

2.2.2. Islam

2.2.3. Christianity

2.2.3.1. Catholic Church

2.2.3.2. Presbyterian Church in Sudan

3. International Affairs

3.1. International Organizations

3.1.1. World Trade Organization

3.1.2. Cordaid

3.1.3. African Union

3.1.4. Inter-Parliamentary Union

3.1.5. International Criminal Police Organization

3.1.6. International Development Association

3.1.7. International Federation of Red Cross

3.1.8. International Fund for Agriculture Development

3.1.9. International Organization for Migration

3.2. International Organization Applying for

3.2.1. Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa

3.2.2. Commonwealth of Nations

3.2.3. the East African Community

3.2.4. Intergovernmental Authority on Development

3.2.5. International Monetary Fund

3.2.6. World Bank

3.3. Membership if pursued

3.3.1. Arab League

3.3.2. Organization of Islamic Cooperation

3.4. Allies

3.4.1. China

3.4.2. Bangladesh

3.4.3. Egypt

3.4.4. India

3.4.5. Isreal

3.4.6. South Korea

3.4.7. Sudan

3.4.8. Uganda

3.5. Border Disputes

3.5.1. Sudan vs. South Sudan

4. Geography

4.1. Key Physical Geographical Characteristics

4.1.1. The White Nile River

4.1.2. The Sudd swamps

4.1.3. Location: East, Central Africa

4.2. Terrain

4.2.1. Plains in the North

4.2.1.1. 46 degrees celcius

4.2.2. Highlands in the South

4.2.3. Highlands border Uganda and Kenya

4.2.4. Water

4.2.4.1. seasonal streams

4.2.4.2. mountain streams

4.2.4.3. lakes

4.2.4.4. man-made lakes

4.2.4.5. dams

4.2.4.6. hot springs

4.2.4.7. haffirs

4.2.4.8. coral reefs

4.2.4.9. mangrove swamps

4.3. Climate

4.3.1. hot with seasonal rainfall

4.3.1.1. calicoes26-32 degrees celcius

4.3.2. rainfall shifts based on Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone

4.4. Borders

4.4.1. Uganda

4.4.2. Kenya

4.4.3. Democratic of the Congo

4.4.4. Central African Republic

4.4.5. Sudan

4.4.6. Ethiopia

4.5. Natural Resources

4.5.1. hydropower

4.5.2. fertile agricultural land

4.5.3. gold

4.5.4. diamonds

4.5.5. petroleum

4.5.6. hardwoods

4.5.7. limestone

4.5.8. iron ore

4.5.9. copper

4.5.10. chromium ore

4.5.11. zinc

4.5.12. mica

4.5.13. tungsten

4.5.14. silver

4.5.15. exports tinder

4.6. Infrastructure

4.6.1. most villages have no running water

4.6.2. most villages have no electricity

4.6.2.1. mostly produced by Diesel generators

4.6.2.1.1. expensive

4.6.3. few paved roads

4.6.3.1. 200 Kilometers of paved roads

4.6.4. limited access to clean water

4.6.5. some telecommunications service through MTN Group

4.6.5.1. lacks high speed internet

4.7. Environmental Threats/Natural Disasters

4.7.1. deforestation

4.7.1.1. timber wood exports

4.7.2. endangered species

4.7.2.1. Hippo

4.7.2.2. Cheetah

4.7.2.3. African Lion

4.7.2.4. Barbary Sheep

4.7.2.5. Dorcas Gazelle

4.7.2.6. Trevor's-Free Tailed Bat

4.7.2.7. Imperial Eagle

5. Economy

5.1. Economic Measures

5.1.1. currency: South Sudanese Pound

5.1.2. GDP: $9.02 million

5.1.3. National Debt: $63, 841

5.1.3.1. due to military spending

5.1.3.2. revenue shortfalls

5.1.4. Current Balance: -$1.02 billion

5.2. Imports ($537 million)

5.2.1. raw sugar($51.2 million)

5.2.2. cars($35.7 million)

5.2.3. sorghum($32.3 million)

5.2.4. wheat flour($23.6 million)

5.2.5. packaged medicaments($18.8 million)

5.3. Exports ($4.03 billion)

5.3.1. Crude Petroleum($4.02 billion)

5.3.2. Oily Seeds($1.79 million)

5.3.3. Tanned Sheep Hides($677,000)

5.3.4. Stone Processing Machines($508,000)

5.4. Service or Production centered?

5.4.1. No, agriculture based economy

5.4.1.1. employs 80% of workforce

5.5. Weak or strong?

5.5.1. weak economy, weak infrastructure

5.5.1.1. corrupt

5.6. Economic Policies

5.6.1. Free Trade Agreement

5.6.1.1. Just got dropped from US Free Trade Agreement

5.7. Sanctions

5.7.1. Arms embargo

5.7.1.1. EU imposed embargo

5.7.2. Trade Controls

5.8. Trade Partners

5.8.1. China($3.96 billion)

5.8.2. India($58.9 million)

5.8.3. Algeria($3.64 million)

5.8.4. Uganda($1.44 million)

5.8.5. Pakistan($45.6 million)

5.8.6. United States($44.8 million)

6. Social

6.1. Culture

6.1.1. Languages

6.1.1.1. Juba Arabic

6.1.1.2. English

6.1.1.3. Swahili

6.1.1.4. 60 indigenous languages

6.1.1.4.1. most classified under Nilo-Saharan Language family

6.1.1.5. migrants from Mecca speak Chadian languages

6.1.1.6. Kishwahili

6.1.2. Traditions

6.1.2.1. traditional culture is highly upheld

6.1.2.2. great focus is given to knowing one's origin and dialect

6.1.2.3. January 1- Independence Day

6.1.2.4. Friday and Sundays off in southern regions and where Christianity spread

6.1.3. heavily influenced by neighboring countires

6.1.4. freedom of press?

6.1.4.1. restricted

6.1.5. freedom of assembly?

6.1.5.1. restricted

6.2. Education

6.2.1. modified educational system

6.2.1.1. follows 8+4+4 system

6.2.1.1.1. primary education = 8 years

6.2.1.1.2. 4 years of secondary weekend

6.2.1.1.3. 4 years of university schooling

6.2.2. English is official language of communication

6.3. Population Demographics

6.3.1. population: 12,530,717

6.3.1.1. dependency ratio: 83.7%

6.3.1.2. median age: 17.1%

6.3.1.3. population growth rate: 3.92%

6.3.1.4. birth rate: 36.2/1000

6.3.1.5. death rate: 8/1000

6.3.1.6. urban population: 18.8%

6.3.1.6.1. Juba is major urban area

6.4. Healthcare

6.4.1. structured in 3 tiers

6.4.1.1. primary healthcare units(PHCU)

6.4.1.2. primary healthcare centers(PHCs)

6.4.1.3. hospitals

6.4.2. health system

6.4.2.1. 4 levels

6.4.2.1.1. central

6.4.2.1.2. state

6.4.2.1.3. county

6.4.2.1.4. community

6.4.2.2. free

6.4.3. health situation is bad

6.4.3.1. Pnemoneia

6.4.3.2. Diarrhea

6.4.3.3. Maleria

6.4.3.4. Malnutrition

6.5. Crime

6.5.1. Crime rating: critical

6.5.1.1. continuous rise in crime since independence

6.5.2. Civil war

6.5.2.1. ethnic violence

6.5.3. turf wars

6.5.3.1. conflicts between the different tribes

6.5.4. political unrest

6.5.4.1. between government and citizens

6.5.5. Terrorism Rating: medium

6.5.5.1. based largely on borders with countries that have indigenous terrorist groups

6.5.5.1.1. ineffective border control

6.5.6. Anti-American/Western Sentiment

6.5.6.1. harassment of foreign nationals is common

6.5.6.1.1. UN diplomats are commonly threatened

7. Technology

7.1. Telecommunications

7.1.1. Limited-no high speed internet

7.1.2. services through MTN Group

7.1.2.1. Zain Sudan Service Provider

7.1.2.2. MTN Service Provider

7.1.2.3. Sudani One Service Provider

7.1.2.4. Canar Telecommunications

7.1.3. Calling code: 249+

7.1.4. Internet users: 7.2 million

7.1.5. Radio

7.1.5.1. directly controlled by government

7.1.5.2. 13.7 million radio sets

7.1.6. TV

7.1.6.1. directly controlled by government

7.1.6.2. 95 stations

7.1.6.3. 6.7 TV sets

7.2. Military

7.2.1. Land

7.2.1.1. 110 Tanks

7.2.1.2. 250 Armored Fighting Vehicles(AFVs)

7.2.1.3. 24 Self-Propelled Guns(SPGs)

7.2.1.4. 15 Multiple-Launch Rocket Systems(MLRSs)

7.2.2. Air

7.2.2.1. 9 Aircrafts

7.2.2.2. 9 Transport Aircrafts

7.2.2.3. 9 Helicopters

7.2.3. Ranked 99/126

7.3. Far on technological Advances?

7.3.1. No, they are behind