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brain by Mind Map: brain

1. neurons

1.1. dendrites

1.2. cell body

1.3. axon

1.3.1. myelin sheath

1.3.1.1. protects axon from sodium

1.3.1.2. speeds transmission

1.3.1.3. multiple sclerosis

1.3.2. nodes of ranvier

1.4. terminal button

1.5. shape

1.5.1. unipolar neurons

1.5.1.1. muscles

1.5.2. bipolar

1.5.2.1. vision

1.5.3. multipolar

1.5.4. multipolar interneuron

1.6. glia

1.6.1. provide structure

1.6.2. oligodendrocytes

1.6.3. schwann cells

2. neural communication

2.1. concentration gradient

2.2. electrostatic pressure

2.3. semi-permeable membrane

2.4. cell membrane potential

2.4.1. intracellular fluid (-)

2.4.2. extracellular fluid (+)

2.4.3. sodium potassium pump

2.5. synaptic connections

2.5.1. synaptic cleft

2.5.2. presynaptic vessel

2.5.3. postsynaptic vessel

2.5.4. synaptic vesicles

2.5.5. post synaptic potential

2.6. action potential

2.6.1. resting potential

2.6.2. ion channels

2.6.2.1. Na+

2.6.2.2. K+

2.6.2.3. Cl-

2.6.3. excitatory post synaptic potential

2.6.4. threshold of excitation

2.6.5. refractory period

2.6.6. inhibitory postsynaptic potential

2.6.7. cause inhibition

3. nervous system

3.1. central nervous system

3.1.1. spinal cord

3.1.1.1. white matter

3.1.1.2. grey matter

3.1.1.3. ventral root

3.1.1.4. dorsal root

3.1.2. vertebral column

3.1.2.1. spinal foramen

3.1.2.2. cauda equina

3.1.2.3. spinal nerves

3.1.2.4. cranial nerves

3.1.2.4.1. vagus nerve

3.2. peripheral nervous system

3.2.1. somatic nervous system

3.2.2. autonomic nervous system

3.2.2.1. sympathetic NS

3.2.2.1.1. sympathetic chain

3.2.2.2. parasympathetic NS

3.3. ventricular system

3.3.1. cerebral-spinal fluid

3.3.1.1. meningitis

3.3.1.2. headaches

3.3.2. lateral ventricles

3.3.3. 3rd ventricle

3.3.4. 4th ventricle

3.3.5. cerebral aqueduct

3.3.6. cerebral canal

4. functioning

4.1. ipsilateral

4.2. contralateral

5. Hindbrain

5.1. medulla oblongata

5.2. pons

5.3. cerebellum

6. Midbrain

6.1. superior colliculi

6.2. inferior colliculi

6.3. periaqueductal grey matter

6.4. red nucleus

6.5. substantia nigra

6.5.1. degeneration=parkinson's

7. Forebrain

7.1. diecephalon

7.1.1. limbic system

7.1.1.1. hippocampus

7.1.1.2. cingulate gyrus

7.1.1.2.1. anterior cingulate gyrus

7.1.1.2.2. insula

7.1.1.3. amygdala

7.1.1.4. mamilary bodies

7.1.1.5. fornix

7.1.1.6. basal ganglia

7.1.1.7. cerebral cortex

7.1.1.8. nucleus accumbens

7.1.2. thalamus

7.1.2.1. massa intermeda

7.1.2.2. lateral geniculate nucleus

7.1.2.3. medial geniculate nucleus

7.1.2.4. ventral posterior nucleus

7.1.2.5. ventral lateral nucleus

7.1.3. hypothalamus

7.1.3.1. endocrine system

8. cerebral cortex

8.1. sulci

8.2. fissures

8.3. gyri

8.4. formen magnum

8.5. four lobes

8.5.1. central sulcus

8.5.2. lateral fissure

8.5.3. fronta lobe

8.5.3.1. primary motor cortex

8.5.3.2. prefrontal cortex