Research Notes

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Research Notes by Mind Map: Research Notes

1. Why are Children used instead of Adults?

1.1. useful as laborers because their size allowed them to move in small spaces in factories or mines where adults couldn’t fit

1.2. children were easier to manage and control

1.3. Paid less than adults - encourages suppliers - cheapest labour

1.4. Supply needs and industry demand for cheap, unskilled labor are some of the leading causes of child labor.

1.5. The definition includes the use of children in armed conflict, prostitution and illegal activities such as drug trafficking. (more innocent)

2. Things that affect the Children//Working Conditions

2.1. Harmful to children’s health

2.2. Different conditions in forced labor

2.3. Children get beaten, tortured and kept in half-fed and half-clad

2.4. Forced to forgo an education

2.5. garment workers work six to six and a half days per week from dawn till far after dusk for a minimum wage.

2.6. Each year, as many as 2.7 million healthy years of life are lost due to child labor, especially in agriculture.

3. How do Children become Slaves - and for what reason?

3.1. Often work to help support their families- poverty

3.2. Family Sells them off

3.3. Slave trafficking

4. Definition of Child Labour

4.1. People in sweatshops- are now enslaved because they do not work under the threat of a penalty or without volunteering their employment.

4.2. Child labour is the enslavement of anyone under 18 years old.

4.3. In 1900, 18% of all american workers were under the age of 16

5. Countries In Child Labour (Geographically// Developed? )

5.1. Today, child labour is present in many industries - from the carpet sector in Afghanistan to the cocoa plantations in the Ivory Coast.

5.2. More than 300,000 children are estimated to be trapped in india’s carpet industry

5.3. 45.8 million - estimated number enslaved - 58% of those living in slavery are in 5 countries

5.4. In 2016, it is estimated that 45.8 million people are in some form of modern slavery in 167 countries

5.5. In Uzbekistan, the government continues to subject its citizens to forced labour in the annual cotton harvest

5.6. The countries with the lowest estimated prevalence of modern slavery by the proportion of their population are Luxembourg, Ireland, Norway, Denmark, Switzerland, Austria, Sweden and Belgium, the United States and Canada, and Australia and New Zealand.

5.7. Luxembourg has the least amount of people in modern slavery

5.8. ¼ of the world’s slaves today are children

5.9. Countries with the most action

5.10. Of the 161 countries:

5.11. Almost every country in the world has laws against modern slavery.

6. Real Life Examples

6.1. Ishmael Beah

6.2. Ravi Shanker Kumar

6.3. Estimated 20.9 million are victims of forced labor- they do not earn profit or gain from their work

6.4. James Annan

7. What can we do to help?

7.1. Build a slave - free closest:

7.2. Buy fair trade

7.2.1. Clothing?

7.3. shop for clothes made by women stuck in sex trafficking

8. Statics

8.1. Between 1991 and 2001, the Indian government’s census confirmed an increase in child labor: from 11.28 million children to 12.59 million. It has since decreased, but the numbers still remain in the millions.

8.2. In 1900, 18% of all american workers were under the age of 16

8.3. In the global garment industry approximately 80% of garment workers are women, aged 18-35

8.4. In 2000 the ILO estimated 5.5 million children had been forced in labour in Asia, while the Bonded Labour Liberation Front placed 10 million bonded children in India alone.

8.5. ¼ of the world’s slaves today are children

9. Quotes

9.1. “It was always in my heart.” Kailash Satyarthi, Nobel Peace Prize Winner, and His Fight Against Child Slavery

9.2. “If I was not fighting against child labor, I don't know what else I could do. It was always in my heart, I could not live without that.” - Mr. Satyarthi