First Jewish kingdom remained independent
Jews revolted against Roman rule, Rome took control of the Jewish kingdom and made it the province of Judea
They were divided into two major factions, Zealots wanted to rid their homeland of Romans, Another group that the Messiah was soon to appear
At the age of 30 Jesus began his public ministry
Jesus emphasized God's personal relationship to each human being
One God. Ten Commandments.
Some groups greeted him as the Messiah, like the Apostles
Pilate arrested Jesus and sentenced him to be crucified, The cross became a symbol of their beliefs
He was an Apostle with a large influence on Christianity development
His message was safely during the Pax Romana
In 66 A.D the Zealots rebelled against Rome
In 70 A.D the Romans stormed Jerusalim and destroyed the Temple complex
The dispersal of Jews was called the Diaspora
Christians refused to worship Roman Gods
When the Pax Romana ended, the Romans exiled, imprisoned or executed Christians for not worshipping Roman Gods
The apostle Peter traveled to Rome and became the first bishop of Rome
A bishop was the leader of a whole church
Constantine was fighting three rivals for his title of Roman emperor
Constantine announced an end to the persecutions of Christians in 313 A.D
In an attempt to end confilct church leaders set a single, official standard of belief
Anything that went against popular belief was deemed "heresy".
"Nicene Creed" defined these basic beliefs.
Augustine taught that God was merciful.
Wrote that the fate of cities such as Rome was not important. As the city of God would never be destroyed.