Get Started. It's Free
or sign up with your email address
Rocket clouds
Energy by Mind Map: Energy

1. Energy

1.1. Energy

1.1.1. Ability to do work

1.1.1.1. Light energy

1.1.1.2. Heat energy

1.1.1.3. Mechanical energy

1.2. Kinetic energy

1.2.1. Due to its motion

1.2.1.1. A bike moving

1.2.1.2. An airplane flying

1.2.1.3. Kicking a soccer ball

1.3. Potential energy

1.3.1. Potential to work

1.3.1.1. A bike sitting still

1.3.1.2. An airplane sitting still

1.3.1.3. A soccer ball sitting

1.4. Mechanical energy

1.4.1. Motion/position of object

1.4.1.1. A drawn bow

1.4.1.2. Hammering a nail

1.4.1.3. Kick a football

1.5. Thermal energy

1.5.1. Total energy of particles

1.5.1.1. The sun

1.5.1.2. A hot pan

1.5.1.3. Hot choclate

1.6. Chemical energy

1.6.1. Potential energy chemical bonds

1.6.1.1. A match

1.6.1.2. Batteries

1.6.1.3. Foods

1.7. Eletrical energy

1.7.1. Moving electric charges

1.7.1.1. Lightning

1.7.1.2. Batteries

1.7.1.3. Lights

1.8. Electromagnetic energy

1.8.1. Light/forms of radiation

1.8.1.1. Gamma rays

1.8.1.2. Ultraviolet

1.8.1.3. Radiation

1.9. Nuclear energy

1.9.1. Potential energy in nucleus

1.9.1.1. Submarines

1.9.1.2. Power plants

1.9.1.3. Smoke detecter

1.10. Conduction

1.10.1. Transfer of heat

1.10.1.1. An engine

1.10.1.2. Radiator

1.10.1.3. Heating pad

1.11. Convection

1.11.1. Heat transfer in fluids

1.11.1.1. Boiling water

1.11.1.2. Radiator

1.11.1.3. Steaming cup of tea

1.12. Radiation

1.12.1. Energy transfer electromagnetic waves

1.12.1.1. A campfire

1.12.1.2. The sun

1.12.1.3. Bunsen burner

1.13. Energy conversion

1.13.1. One form into another

1.13.1.1. Microwave

1.13.1.2. Photosynthesis

1.13.1.3. Food we eat

1.14. Law of converstion of energy

1.14.1. Energy cannot be created/destroyed

1.14.1.1. Chemical to motion

1.14.1.2. Light bulb

1.14.1.3. A drawn bow

2. Properties of matter

2.1. Matter

2.1.1. Anything with mass/volume

2.1.1.1. Pencil

2.1.1.2. Book

2.1.1.3. Paper

2.2. Freezing

2.2.1. Water/liquid into solid

2.2.1.1. Water

2.2.1.2. Warts

2.2.1.3. Soda

2.3. Element

2.3.1. Unique set of properties

2.3.1.1. Oxygen

2.3.1.2. Carbon

2.3.1.3. Sodium

2.4. Melting

2.4.1. Solid into liquid

2.4.1.1. Ice cream

2.4.1.2. Ice

2.4.1.3. Candle

2.5. Compound

2.5.1. Composed of two elements

2.5.1.1. Salt

2.5.1.2. Surgar

2.5.1.3. Potato

2.6. Chemical reaction

2.6.1. Substence change into another

2.6.1.1. Litmus dipped in vinegar

2.6.1.2. Vinegar and baking soda

2.6.1.3. Metal rusting

2.7. Mixture

2.7.1. Mixing other substances together

2.7.1.1. Vinegar

2.7.1.2. Apple cider

2.7.1.3. Candy

2.8. Solution

2.8.1. Two or more substances

2.8.1.1. Iced tea

2.8.1.2. Lemonade

2.8.1.3. Vinegar

2.9. Chemical bonds

2.9.1. Pair of electrons

2.9.1.1. Salt

2.9.1.2. Oxygen

2.9.1.3. Carbon

2.10. Photosythesis

2.10.1. Light/carbon dioxide- glucose/oxygem

2.10.1.1. Alage

2.10.1.2. Vascular plants

2.10.1.3. Anerobic organisms

2.11. Physical properties

2.11.1. Changing completly diffrent

2.11.1.1. Color

2.11.1.2. Smell

2.11.1.3. Freezing point

2.12. Resperation

2.12.1. Action of breathing

2.12.1.1. Food

2.12.1.2. Waste

2.12.1.3. Co2

2.13. Chemical properties

2.13.1. Characteristic of a substance

2.13.1.1. Heat of combustion

2.13.1.2. Flammability

2.13.1.3. Toxicity

2.14. Celear resperation

2.14.1. Cells of organisms

2.14.1.1. Carbs

2.14.1.2. Fats

2.14.1.3. Proteins

2.15. Mass

2.15.1. How much matter

2.15.1.1. Pencil

2.15.1.2. Book

2.15.1.3. Computer

2.16. Reactants

2.16.1. Undergoes change during reaction

2.16.1.1. Acid

2.16.1.2. Hydrocholoric acid

2.16.1.3. Oxygen

2.17. Density

2.17.1. Compactness of a substance

2.17.1.1. Density=4 g/mL

2.17.1.2. G/mL

2.17.1.3. Kg

2.18. Oxygen

2.18.1. Colorless, odorless reactive gas

2.18.1.1. Protons

2.18.1.2. Nucleus

2.18.1.3. Nutrons

2.19. Flammability

2.19.1. Substance to burn/ignite

2.19.1.1. Diesel fuel

2.19.1.2. Acetone

2.19.1.3. Gasoline

2.20. Reactivity

2.20.1. Power of being reactive

2.20.1.1. Calicium

2.20.1.2. Copper

2.20.1.3. Sodium

2.21. Physical change

2.21.1. Affecting a chemical substance

2.21.1.1. Crushing a can

2.21.1.2. Melting ice

2.21.1.3. Boiling water

2.22. Chemical change

2.22.1. Rearrangement of atoms

2.22.1.1. Burning wood

2.22.1.2. Cooking an egg

2.22.1.3. Souring milk

2.23. Combustion

2.23.1. Process of burning something

2.23.1.1. Burning coal

2.23.1.2. Burning methane gas

2.23.1.3. Sparkles

2.24. Solid

2.24.1. Stable in shape

2.24.1.1. Table salt

2.24.1.2. Table surgar

2.24.1.3. Ice

2.25. Liquid

2.25.1. Substance that flows freely

2.25.1.1. Water

2.25.1.2. Milk

2.25.1.3. Soda

2.26. Gas

2.26.1. Air-like fluid substance

2.26.1.1. Helium

2.26.1.2. Air

2.26.1.3. Nitrogen

2.27. Energy

2.27.1. Physical of mental activity

2.27.1.1. Light energy

2.27.1.2. Mechanical energy

2.27.1.3. Sound energy

3. Changes in matter

3.1. Chemistry

3.1.1. Identification of the substances

3.1.1.1. Digestion

3.1.1.2. Drugs

3.1.1.3. Cooking

3.2. Celluar respiration

3.2.1. Cells of organisms

3.2.1.1. Carbs

3.2.1.2. Fats

3.2.1.3. Proteins

3.3. Physical change

3.3.1. Traits about your body

3.3.1.1. Eye color

3.3.1.2. Hair color

3.3.1.3. Height

3.4. Mass

3.4.1. Amount of matter

3.4.1.1. Pencil

3.4.1.2. Computer

3.4.1.3. Paper

3.5. Chemical change

3.5.1. Rearrangement of the atoms

3.5.1.1. Anaerobic resperation

3.5.1.2. Combustion

3.5.1.3. Rust

3.6. Density

3.6.1. Compactness of a substance

3.6.1.1. Ice floating on water

3.6.1.2. Vegtable oil on water

3.6.1.3. Corn syrup on honey

3.7. Endothermic

3.7.1. Absorption of heat

3.7.1.1. Citric acid

3.7.1.2. Sodium bicarbonate

3.7.1.3. Ammonium chloride

3.8. Kinetic energy

3.8.1. Being in motion

3.8.1.1. A bike moving

3.8.1.2. An airplane flying

3.8.1.3. A soccer ball moving

3.9. Exothermic

3.9.1. Release of heat

3.9.1.1. Burning

3.9.1.2. Acid

3.9.1.3. Alkalis

3.10. Potential energy

3.10.1. Position relative to others

3.10.1.1. A bike still

3.10.1.2. An airplane standing

3.10.1.3. A still soccer ball

3.11. Chemical reaction

3.11.1. Rearrangement of molecular structure

3.11.1.1. Litmus dipped in vinegar

3.11.1.2. Vinegar and baking soda

3.11.1.3. Metal rusting

3.12. Melting

3.12.1. Liquefied by heat

3.12.1.1. Ice cream

3.12.1.2. Ice

3.12.1.3. Candle

3.13. Precipitate

3.13.1. Deposited in solid form

3.13.1.1. Hail

3.13.1.2. Rain

3.13.1.3. Sleet

3.14. Freezing

3.14.1. Freezing point of water

3.14.1.1. Water

3.14.1.2. Warts

3.14.1.3. Soda

3.15. Chemical bond

3.15.1. Pair of electrons

3.15.1.1. Copper

3.15.1.2. Oxygen

3.15.1.3. Carbon

3.16. Thermal energy

3.16.1. Motion of particles

3.16.1.1. The sun

3.16.1.2. A hot pan

3.16.1.3. Hot choclate

3.17. Reactants

3.17.1. Undergoes change during reaction

3.17.1.1. Acid

3.17.1.2. Hydrochloric acid

3.17.1.3. Oxygen

3.18. Evaporation

3.18.1. Liquid into vapor

3.18.1.1. Water

3.18.1.2. Gatorade

3.18.1.3. Soda

3.19. Products

3.19.1. Substance manufactured

3.19.1.1. Water

3.19.1.2. Ammonium chloride

3.19.1.3. Oxygen

3.20. Reactivity

3.20.1. Undergoes change during reaction

3.20.1.1. Fireworks

3.20.1.2. Rust

3.20.1.3. Water

3.21. Solid

3.21.1. Stable in shape

3.21.1.1. Soda can

3.21.1.2. Bag

3.21.1.3. Watch

3.22. Flammability

3.22.1. Substance to burn/ignite

3.22.1.1. Diesel fuel

3.22.1.2. Acetone

3.22.1.3. Gasoline

3.23. Liquid

3.23.1. Substance that flows freely

3.23.1.1. Water

3.23.1.2. Milk

3.23.1.3. Soda

3.24. Chemical equations

3.24.1. Forms of symbols/formulae

3.24.1.1. 6 CO2+ 6H2O

3.24.1.2. 2 AgI+Na2s

3.24.1.3. Ba3N2+6 H2O

3.25. Gas

3.25.1. Air-like fluid substance

3.25.1.1. Helium

3.25.1.2. Nitrogen

3.25.1.3. Carbon dioxide

3.26. Molecules

3.26.1. Atoms bonded together

3.26.1.1. Water

3.26.1.2. Oxyen

3.26.1.3. Salt

3.27. Oxygen

3.27.1. Colorless, odorless reactive gas

3.27.1.1. Protons

3.27.1.2. Nucleus

3.27.1.3. Nutrons

3.28. Matter

3.28.1. Anything with mass/volume

3.28.1.1. Book

3.28.1.2. Pencil

3.28.1.3. Phone

3.29. Photosynthesis

3.29.1. Light/carbon dioxide-oxygen/gluecose

3.29.1.1. Algae

3.29.1.2. Vascular plants

3.29.1.3. Anerobic organisms

3.30. Resperation

3.30.1. Action of breathing

3.30.1.1. Food

3.30.1.2. Waste

3.30.1.3. CO2

4. Energy in the environment

4.1. Photosynthesis

4.1.1. Carbon dioxide/water-oxygen/gluecose

4.1.1.1. Alage

4.1.1.2. Vascular plants

4.1.1.3. Anerobic organisms

4.2. Resporation

4.2.1. Action of breathing

4.2.1.1. Alchol

4.2.1.2. Fermentation

4.2.1.3. Lactic acid fermentation

4.3. Producers

4.3.1. A manufacturer supplies goods

4.3.1.1. Wood

4.3.1.2. Leaves

4.3.1.3. Roots

4.4. Consumers

4.4.1. Someone that purchased goods

4.4.1.1. Deer

4.4.1.2. Black bear

4.4.1.3. Skunks

4.5. Herbivores

4.5.1. Animal that eat's plants

4.5.1.1. Deer

4.5.1.2. Koalas

4.5.1.3. catterpilers

4.6. Carnivores

4.6.1. Animal that eat's flesh

4.6.1.1. Lions

4.6.1.2. Tigers

4.6.1.3. Snakes

4.7. Scavenger

4.7.1. Animal that eat's anything

4.7.1.1. A vulture

4.7.1.2. Carrion bettle

4.7.1.3. Blowflies

4.8. Omnivore

4.8.1. Animal/person eats both

4.8.1.1. Insects

4.8.1.2. Eggs

4.8.1.3. Fungi

4.9. Decomposer

4.9.1. Decomposes organic material

4.9.1.1. Bacteria

4.9.1.2. Fungi

4.9.1.3. Snails

4.10. Predator

4.10.1. Preys on others

4.10.1.1. Lion

4.10.1.2. Bear

4.10.1.3. Fox

4.11. Prey

4.11.1. Hunted/killed by others

4.11.1.1. Zebra

4.11.1.2. Fish

4.11.1.3. Rabbit

4.12. Symbiosis

4.12.1. Interaction of two organisms

4.12.1.1. Commensalism

4.12.1.2. Parasitism

4.12.1.3. Mutualism

4.13. Mutualism

4.13.1. Two different species interact

4.13.1.1. Oxpecker on Rhinocerous

4.13.1.2. Oxpecker on Zebra

4.13.1.3. Sucker fish on shark

4.14. Parasitism

4.14.1. Parasite in/ on another organism

4.14.1.1. Tapeworms

4.14.1.2. Fleas

4.14.1.3. Barnacles

4.15. Food chains

4.15.1. Next source of food

4.15.1.1. Grass to grasshopper

4.15.1.2. Grasshopper to rat

4.15.1.3. Rat to snake

4.16. Food webs

4.16.1. Interlocking/interdependent food chains

4.16.1.1. Grass to zebra

4.16.1.2. Zebra to lion

4.16.1.3. Snake to eagle

4.17. Competition

4.17.1. Condition of competing

4.17.1.1. Cheetahs

4.17.1.2. Lions

4.17.1.3. Tigers

4.18. Enviorment

4.18.1. Surroundings or conditions

4.18.1.1. Animals

4.18.1.2. Plant

4.18.1.3. Soil

4.19. Carrying capacity

4.19.1. Quantity of people

4.19.1.1. People in lifeboat

4.19.1.2. How much you eat

4.19.1.3. How much you drink

4.20. Gluecose

4.20.1. A simple sugar

4.20.1.1. Vegtables

4.20.1.2. Fruit

4.20.1.3. Blood

4.21. Solar energy

4.21.1. Energy emitted by Sun

4.21.1.1. Electricity

4.21.1.2. Heat

4.21.1.3. Light

4.22. Production

4.22.1. Making from raw materials

4.22.1.1. Solar farms

4.22.1.2. Wind farms

4.22.1.3. Tidal farms

4.23. Celluar resperation

4.23.1. Takes place in cells

4.23.1.1. Carbs

4.23.1.2. Fats

4.23.1.3. Proteins

4.24. Oxygen

4.24.1. Colorless, odorless reactive gas

4.24.1.1. Protons

4.24.1.2. Nutrons

4.24.1.3. Nucleus

4.25. Chemical energy

4.25.1. Undergoes a chemical transformation

4.25.1.1. Batteries

4.25.1.2. Biomass

4.25.1.3. Petroleum

4.26. Reactants

4.26.1. Undergoes change during reaction

4.26.1.1. Ammonia

4.26.1.2. Hydrochloric acid

4.26.1.3. Oxygen

4.27. Mechanical energy

4.27.1. Sum of kinetic/potential

4.27.1.1. A drawn bow

4.27.1.2. Hammering a nail

4.27.1.3. Lifting weights

4.28. Heat energy

4.28.1. Transfers among particles

4.28.1.1. The sun

4.28.1.2. Burner of stovetop

4.28.1.3. Gasoline

4.29. Ecosystem

4.29.1. Biological community of organisms

4.29.1.1. Tropical rainforest

4.29.1.2. Temperate forest

4.29.1.3. Grasslands

4.30. Commensalium

4.30.1. One benefits one no harm

4.30.1.1. Tapeworms and humans

4.30.1.2. Fleas and dogs

4.30.1.3. Ticks and cats

4.31. Invasive species

4.31.1. Non-native

4.31.1.1. Some trout

4.31.1.2. Some insects

4.31.1.3. Some plants

4.32. Evidence

4.32.1. Facts or information

4.32.1.1. Specific examples

4.32.1.2. Facts

4.32.1.3. Statistics

4.33. Inference

4.33.1. Basis of evidence

4.33.1.1. Animal made footprints

4.33.1.2. A bear made footprints

4.33.1.3. A bird made footprints

5. Minerals

5.1. Mineral

5.1.1. Solid, inorganic substance

5.1.1.1. Calcite

5.1.1.2. Hematite

5.1.1.3. Topaz

5.2. Inorganic

5.2.1. Not from living matter

5.2.1.1. Water

5.2.1.2. Hydrogen

5.2.1.3. Rain

5.3. Element

5.3.1. Part of something abstract

5.3.1.1. Sodium

5.3.1.2. Chlorine

5.3.1.3. Lead

5.4. Compound

5.4.1. Composed of two/more

5.4.1.1. Carbon dioxide

5.4.1.2. Common salt

5.4.1.3. Alcohol

5.5. Crystal

5.5.1. Highly transparent glass

5.5.1.1. Table salt

5.5.1.2. Sugar

5.5.1.3. Snow

5.6. Mohs hardness scale

5.6.1. Softest to hardest minerals

5.6.1.1. Topaz

5.6.1.2. Diamond

5.6.1.3. Feldzbar

5.7. Streak

5.7.1. Thin line of substance

5.7.1.1. Diamond

5.7.1.2. Feldzbar

5.7.1.3. Topaz

5.8. Luster

5.8.1. Way light interacts

5.8.1.1. Metallic

5.8.1.2. Submetallic

5.8.1.3. Vitreous

5.9. Density

5.9.1. Degree of compactness

5.9.1.1. Ice floating on water

5.9.1.2. Vegtable oil on water

5.9.1.3. Corn syrup in honey

5.10. Cleavage

5.10.1. A sharp division

5.10.1.1. Micca

5.10.1.2. Fluorite

5.10.1.3. Galena

5.11. Fracture

5.11.1. Breaking of hard object

5.11.1.1. Quartz

5.11.1.2. Feldspar

5.11.1.3. Calcite

5.12. Fluorescence

5.12.1. Visible/invisible radiation

5.12.1.1. Absorbed radiation

5.12.1.2. Electromagnetic radiation

5.12.1.3. Ultraviolet

5.13. Solution

5.13.1. Two/more substances mixed

5.13.1.1. Iced tea

5.13.1.2. Lemonade

5.13.1.3. Vinegar

5.14. Vein

5.14.1. Sheetlike body if minerals

5.14.1.1. Diamond

5.14.1.2. Topaz

5.14.1.3. Feldspar

5.15. Ore

5.15.1. Naturally occurring solid

5.15.1.1. Chalcoche

5.15.1.2. Sphfere

5.15.1.3. Pyrite

5.16. Solid

5.16.1. Firm/stable in shape

5.16.1.1. Book

5.16.1.2. Computer

5.16.1.3. Feldspar

5.17. Chemical composition

5.17.1. Ratio of atoms

5.17.1.1. Carbon

5.17.1.2. Hydrogen

5.17.1.3. Oxygen

5.18. Naturally occuring

5.18.1. Existing by nature

5.18.1.1. Extracting essential oils

5.18.1.2. Obsidian

5.18.1.3. Feldspar

5.19. Weathering

5.19.1. Wear away

5.19.1.1. Wind and water

5.19.1.2. Mudslide

5.19.1.3. Rockslide

5.20. Crystalline

5.20.1. Form of a crystal

5.20.1.1. Snowflakes

5.20.1.2. Diamonds

5.20.1.3. Table salt

5.21. Structure

5.21.1. Elements of something complex

5.21.1.1. Starch

5.21.1.2. Glucose

5.21.1.3. Acetic acid

5.22. Rock

5.22.1. Solid mineral material

5.22.1.1. Quartzite

5.22.1.2. Lapis lazuli

5.22.1.3. Siltstone

5.23. Sediments

5.23.1. Matter that settles

5.23.1.1. Beccia

5.23.1.2. Conglomerate

5.23.1.3. Sandstone

5.24. Molecules

5.24.1. Group of atoms bonded

5.24.1.1. Hydrogen atoms

5.24.1.2. Oxygen atoms

5.24.1.3. Carbon atoms

5.25. Oxygen

5.25.1. Colorless, odorless reactive gas

5.25.1.1. Protons

5.25.1.2. Nutrons

5.25.1.3. Nutrons

6. Rocks

6.1. Igneous

6.1.1. Solidified from lava/magma

6.1.1.1. Andesite

6.1.1.2. Obsidian

6.1.1.3. Rhyolite

6.2. Sedimentary

6.2.1. Formed from sediment

6.2.1.1. Slitstone

6.2.1.2. Shale

6.2.1.3. Conglomerate

6.3. Metamorphic

6.3.1. Undergone transformation by heat

6.3.1.1. Marble

6.3.1.2. Schist

6.3.1.3. Phylite

6.4. Texture

6.4.1. Feel, appearance of substance

6.4.1.1. Coarse grained texture

6.4.1.2. Fine grained texture

6.4.1.3. Porphyritic texture

6.5. Grain

6.5.1. Developed by different processes

6.5.1.1. Sand

6.5.1.2. Silt

6.5.1.3. Clay

6.6. Extrusive

6.6.1. Denoting rock

6.6.1.1. Basalt

6.6.1.2. Rhyolite

6.6.1.3. Andesite

6.7. Intrusive

6.7.1. Causing disruption

6.7.1.1. Granite

6.7.1.2. Gabbro

6.7.1.3. Diorite

6.8. Compaction

6.8.1. Squezed together by weight

6.8.1.1. Limestone

6.8.1.2. Chert

6.8.1.3. Sandstone

6.9. Cementation

6.9.1. Binding together

6.9.1.1. Sandstone

6.9.1.2. Shale

6.9.1.3. Limestone

6.10. Clastic

6.10.1. Composed of broken rock

6.10.1.1. Breccia

6.10.1.2. Sandstone

6.10.1.3. Siltstone

6.11. Organic rock

6.11.1. Specific type of rock

6.11.1.1. Coal

6.11.1.2. Siltstone

6.11.1.3. Breccia

6.12. Chemical rock

6.12.1. Minerals from water

6.12.1.1. Sandstone

6.12.1.2. Shale

6.12.1.3. Conglomerate

6.13. Foliated

6.13.1. Thin sheets or laminae

6.13.1.1. Gneiss

6.13.1.2. Phyllite

6.13.1.3. Schist

6.14. Rock cycle

6.14.1. Processes undergone by rocks

6.14.1.1. Igneous to Sedimentary

6.14.1.2. Sedimentary to Metamorphic

6.14.1.3. Metemorphic to Igneous

6.15. Formation

6.15.1. Process of being formed

6.15.1.1. Accumulation of sediment

6.15.1.2. Crystallized from magma

6.15.1.3. Pressure and heat

6.16. Magma

6.16.1. Hot fluid below crust

6.16.1.1. Andesitic magma

6.16.1.2. Basaltic magma

6.16.1.3. Rhyolitic magma

6.17. Lava

6.17.1. Erupted from volcano

6.17.1.1. Pahoehoe

6.17.1.2. Aa

6.17.1.3. Explosive eruptions

6.18. Minerals

6.18.1. Solid, inorganic substance

6.18.1.1. Apatite

6.18.1.2. Quartz

6.18.1.3. Pyrite

6.19. Sediment

6.19.1. Matter that settles

6.19.1.1. Breccia

6.19.1.2. Conglomerate

6.19.1.3. Sandstone

6.20. Weathering

6.20.1. Wearing away

6.20.1.1. Wind and water

6.20.1.2. Mudslide

6.20.1.3. Rockslide

6.21. Grams

6.21.1. Metric unit of mass

6.21.1.1. Pencil

6.21.1.2. Peanut

6.21.1.3. Cheese

6.22. Chemical composition

6.22.1. Ratio of atoms

6.22.1.1. NaCl

6.22.1.2. C12H22O11

6.22.1.3. NaHCO3

6.23. Fossils

6.23.1. Impression of prehistoric life

6.23.1.1. Petrified fossil

6.23.1.2. Trace fossil

6.23.1.3. Index fossils

6.24. Enviorment

6.24.1. Surroundings or conditions

6.24.1.1. Animals

6.24.1.2. Soil

6.24.1.3. Plants

6.25. Erosion

6.25.1. Gradual destruction

6.25.1.1. Soil

6.25.1.2. Dirt

6.25.1.3. Rock

6.26. Materials

6.26.1. Where things are made

6.26.1.1. Metals

6.26.1.2. Semiconducters

6.26.1.3. Ceramics

6.27. Organisms

6.27.1. An individual life form

6.27.1.1. Person

6.27.1.2. Dinosaurs

6.27.1.3. Cats

7. Weathering and erosion

7.1. Mechanical weathering

7.1.1. Affects the land/Earth

7.1.1.1. Cracks expand

7.1.1.2. Woods crack in half

7.1.1.3. Rocks crack in half

7.2. Ice wedging

7.2.1. Expands cracks

7.2.1.1. Rock crack in half

7.2.1.2. A jar cracks

7.2.1.3. Glaciers form

7.3. Release of pressure

7.3.1. Underlying rocks to expand

7.3.1.1. Granite

7.3.1.2. Pressure is reduced

7.3.1.3. Abrasion

7.4. Plant growth

7.4.1. Growth in vascular plants

7.4.1.1. Auxins

7.4.1.2. Gibberellins

7.4.1.3. Cytokinins

7.5. Abrasion

7.5.1. Process of wearing away

7.5.1.1. Wind

7.5.1.2. Glacier

7.5.1.3. Waves

7.6. Chemical weathering

7.6.1. Disintergration of rocks

7.6.1.1. Hydrolysis

7.6.1.2. Oxidation

7.6.1.3. Carbonation

7.7. Soil

7.7.1. Mixture of Minerals, gases etc.

7.7.1.1. Sand

7.7.1.2. Silt

7.7.1.3. Clay

7.8. Humus

7.8.1. Organic component of soil

7.8.1.1. Soil

7.8.1.2. Mor

7.8.1.3. Moder

7.9. Erosion

7.9.1. Gradual destruction

7.9.1.1. Soil

7.9.1.2. Dirt

7.9.1.3. Rock

7.10. Till

7.10.1. Rocks are broken

7.10.1.1. Thermal expansion

7.10.1.2. Frost shattering

7.10.1.3. Plant activity

7.11. Moraine

7.11.1. Unconsolidated glacial debris

7.11.1.1. Terminal moraines

7.11.1.2. Lateral moraines

7.11.1.3. Medial moraines

7.12. Sediment

7.12.1. Matter that settles

7.12.1.1. Breccia

7.12.1.2. Conglomerate

7.12.1.3. Sandstone

7.13. Sedimentary

7.13.1. Formed from sediment

7.13.1.1. Slitstone

7.13.1.2. Shale

7.13.1.3. Limestone

7.14. Igneous

7.14.1. Solidified by lava/magma

7.14.1.1. Andesite

7.14.1.2. Obsidian

7.14.1.3. Rhyolite

7.15. Metemorphic

7.15.1. Transformed by heat

7.15.1.1. Quartzite

7.15.1.2. Gnesis

7.15.1.3. Phylite

7.16. Rock cycle

7.16.1. Process undergone by rocks

7.16.1.1. Igneous to Sedimentary

7.16.1.2. Sedimentary to Metemorphic

7.16.1.3. Metemorphic to Igneous

7.17. Heat

7.17.1. Become hot or warm

7.17.1.1. The sun

7.17.1.2. Burner of a stovetop

7.17.1.3. Gasoline

7.18. Water

7.18.1. Transparent, odorless liquid

7.18.1.1. Ice

7.18.1.2. River

7.18.1.3. Rain

7.19. Wind

7.19.1. Natural movement of air

7.19.1.1. Grind grain

7.19.1.2. Pump water

7.19.1.3. Generate electricity

7.20. Gravity

7.20.1. Force that attracts

7.20.1.1. Holds gases in sun

7.20.1.2. A ball you throw

7.20.1.3. Car to coast downhill

7.21. Minerals

7.21.1. Solid, inorganic substance

7.21.1.1. Calcite

7.21.1.2. Topaz

7.21.1.3. Hematite

7.22. Organic matter

7.22.1. living/ dead material

7.22.1.1. Lawn clippings

7.22.1.2. Leaves

7.22.1.3. Corn stalks

7.23. Compacted

7.23.1. Extert force on something

7.23.1.1. Heat and pressure

7.23.1.2. Heat

7.23.1.3. Weathering and erosion

7.24. Cemented

7.24.1. Bind particles together

7.24.1.1. Clastic

7.24.1.2. Chemical

7.24.1.3. Organic

7.25. Rock

7.25.1. Solid mineral material

7.25.1.1. Limestone

7.25.1.2. Breccia

7.25.1.3. Conglomerate

7.26. Particles

7.26.1. Minute portion of matter

7.26.1.1. Protons

7.26.1.2. Neutrons

7.26.1.3. Electrons

7.27. Fossil

7.27.1. Impression of prehistoric organism

7.27.1.1. Bones

7.27.1.2. Shells

7.27.1.3. Teeth

7.28. Organism

7.28.1. An individual life form

7.28.1.1. Dog

7.28.1.2. Cat

7.28.1.3. Person

7.29. Biological activity

7.29.1. Effects of a drug

7.29.1.1. Antibacterial

7.29.1.2. Anti-inflammatory

7.29.1.3. Antitumor

7.30. Glacier

7.30.1. Body of dense ice

7.30.1.1. Mountain glaciers

7.30.1.2. Valley glaciers

7.30.1.3. TIdewater glaciers

8. Geological time

8.1. Fossils

8.1.1. Remains of living organisms

8.1.1.1. Petrified fossil

8.1.1.2. Trace fossils

8.1.1.3. Index fossils

8.2. Preserved remains

8.2.1. Prehistoric remain

8.2.1.1. Mammoth

8.2.1.2. Frog

8.2.1.3. mosquito

8.3. Paleontologists

8.3.1. Scientists that studies fossils

8.3.1.1. Taphonomist

8.3.1.2. Palynologist

8.3.1.3. Paleobotanist

8.4. Relative age

8.4.1. Geologic age of fossil etc.

8.4.1.1. F is the youngest

8.4.1.2. E is the youngest

8.4.1.3. E is the oldest

8.5. Sedimentary rock

8.5.1. Formed by deposition/solidfication

8.5.1.1. FIsh

8.5.1.2. Shells

8.5.1.3. Bugs

8.6. Absolute age

8.6.1. True age of fossil

8.6.1.1. U-238-Pb-206

8.6.1.2. U-235-Pb-207

8.6.1.3. Rb-87-Sr-87

8.7. Petrified fossil

8.7.1. Turning into stone

8.7.1.1. Fish

8.7.1.2. Wood

8.7.1.3. Bugs

8.8. Trace fossils

8.8.1. Fossil of an organism

8.8.1.1. Tracks

8.8.1.2. Burrows

8.8.1.3. Eggshells

8.9. Mold

8.9.1. A cavity of organism

8.9.1.1. Shells

8.9.1.2. Bones

8.9.1.3. Wood

8.10. Extrusion

8.10.1. The movement of magma

8.10.1.1. Fish

8.10.1.2. Plants

8.10.1.3. Shells

8.11. Cast

8.11.1. Minerals enter a cavity

8.11.1.1. Shells

8.11.1.2. Fish

8.11.1.3. Plants

8.12. Intrusion

8.12.1. Molten rock, rock layer

8.12.1.1. Plants

8.12.1.2. Fish

8.12.1.3. Shells

8.13. Carbon films

8.13.1. Thin coating of carbon

8.13.1.1. Flowers

8.13.1.2. Fish

8.13.1.3. Feathers

8.14. Index fossils

8.14.1. Useful for dating

8.14.1.1. Ammonites

8.14.1.2. Brachiopods

8.14.1.3. Graptolites

8.15. Law of superposition

8.15.1. Undisturbed sequences of rocks

8.15.1.1. F is the youngest

8.15.1.2. Oldest on bottom

8.15.1.3. Youngest on top

8.16. Half life

8.16.1. Half of original value

8.16.1.1. Uranium 238

8.16.1.2. Plutonium 239

8.16.1.3. Carbon 14

8.17. Uniforitarianism

8.17.1. Changes in Earth's crust

8.17.1.1. Layers of Basalt

8.17.1.2. Dinosaurs

8.17.1.3. Meteorite impact

8.18. Organisms

8.18.1. An individual object

8.18.1.1. Dinosaurs

8.18.1.2. People

8.18.1.3. Dogs

8.19. Fossilization

8.19.1. Convert into fossil

8.19.1.1. Plants

8.19.1.2. Shells

8.19.1.3. Fish

8.20. Preservation

8.20.1. Action of preserving something

8.20.1.1. Mosquios in amber

8.20.1.2. Bugs

8.20.1.3. Shells

8.21. Fragmentation

8.21.1. State of being broken

8.21.1.1. Shells

8.21.1.2. Bugs

8.21.1.3. Dinosaurs

8.22. Sediment

8.22.1. Settles at bottom

8.22.1.1. Fish

8.22.1.2. Plants

8.22.1.3. Shells

8.23. The fossil record

8.23.1. History of life

8.23.1.1. Cambrian 500-550 million years ago

8.23.1.2. Ordoviolan 450-500 million years ago

8.23.1.3. Permian 250-300 million years ago

8.24. Skeleton

8.24.1. Supports an organsim

8.24.1.1. Person

8.24.1.2. Dog

8.24.1.3. Cat

8.25. Deposition

8.25.1. Action of deposing someone

8.25.1.1. Sand dunes

8.25.1.2. Carbon dioxide

8.25.1.3. Dry ice

8.26. Weathered

8.26.1. Worn by long exposure

8.26.1.1. Wind/water causes pieces

8.26.1.2. Exfoliation

8.26.1.3. Plant acid

8.27. Eroded

8.27.1. Gradually wear away

8.27.1.1. Moved by water

8.27.1.2. Moved by ice

8.27.1.3. Moved by wind

8.28. Rock layer

8.28.1. Layer of Sedimentary rock

8.28.1.1. Disconformity

8.28.1.2. Angular unconfomity

8.28.1.3. Nonconformity

8.29. Geologic history

8.29.1. Major events on Earth

8.29.1.1. Cenozoic

8.29.1.2. Mesozic

8.29.1.3. Paleozoic

8.30. Deformation

8.30.1. Changing in shape

8.30.1.1. Shells

8.30.1.2. Rock layers

8.30.1.3. Shells

8.31. Geological material

8.31.1. Land where we live

8.31.1.1. Asbestos

8.31.1.2. Perlite

8.31.1.3. Mica

8.32. Rocks

8.32.1. Natural, solid substance

8.32.1.1. Quartzite

8.32.1.2. Siltstone

8.32.1.3. Shale

8.33. Superposition

8.33.1. Sum of the responses

8.33.1.1. Sand at the top

8.33.1.2. Limestone at bottom

8.33.1.3. Gravel in middle

9. Waves

9.1. Conduction

9.1.1. Heat is directly transfered

9.1.1.1. Engine

9.1.1.2. Radiator

9.1.1.3. Heating pad

9.2. Convection

9.2.1. Current in fluid

9.2.1.1. Boiling water

9.2.1.2. Steaming tea

9.2.1.3. Radiator

9.3. Wavelength

9.3.1. Between two corresponding parts

9.3.1.1. 100 kev

9.3.1.2. 10nm-100nm

9.3.1.3. 0.01-10nm

9.4. Lever

9.4.1. Rigid bar on pivot

9.4.1.1. See-saws

9.4.1.2. Crowbars

9.4.1.3. Pliers

9.5. Amplitude

9.5.1. Maximum distance between particles

9.5.1.1. 540-1600 kHZ

9.5.1.2. 88 to 108 MHZ

9.5.1.3. 300GHz-3kHz

9.6. Light

9.6.1. All types of light

9.6.1.1. Gamma rays

9.6.1.2. Radio waves

9.6.1.3. X-rays

9.7. Radiation

9.7.1. Energy had electromagnetic waves

9.7.1.1. X-rays

9.7.1.2. Gamma rays

9.7.1.3. Ultraviolet

9.8. Hertz

9.8.1. Measurement of frequency

9.8.1.1. Car/sedan

9.8.1.2. Convertable

9.8.1.3. Wagon/estate

9.9. Rarefraction

9.9.1. Part of logitudinal wave

9.10. Surface waves

9.10.1. Between mediums

9.10.1.1. Mechanical waves

9.10.1.2. Ocean waves

9.10.1.3. Air

10. Simple machine

10.1. Work

10.1.1. Activity you do regurally

10.1.1.1. A book falls

10.1.1.2. Pulling a wagon

10.1.1.3. Mowing a lawn

10.2. Force

10.2.1. Push/pull an object

10.2.1.1. Push a cart

10.2.1.2. Mowing a lawn

10.2.1.3. Book falling

10.3. Machine

10.3.1. A device that changes

10.3.1.1. Lever

10.3.1.2. Screw

10.3.1.3. Inclined plane

10.4. Input force

10.4.1. Force exterted on machine

10.4.1.1. Pliers

10.4.1.2. Wheel berrel

10.4.1.3. Lifting weights

10.5. Output force

10.5.1. Force on machine

10.5.1.1. Front part of pliers

10.5.1.2. Berrel part of wheelberrel

10.5.1.3. Weight

10.6. Mechanical advantage

10.6.1. Times force exterted

10.6.1.1. MA=3M/0.75M=4

10.6.1.2. MA=0.3M/1.2M=0.25

10.6.1.3. MA=10M/1M=10

10.7. Inclined plane

10.7.1. Flat surface higher end

10.7.1.1. Ramps

10.7.1.2. Slides

10.7.1.3. Ladder

10.8. Wedge

10.8.1. Driven in-between two objects

10.8.1.1. Shovel

10.8.1.2. Ax

10.8.1.3. Chisel

10.9. Screw

10.9.1. Inclined plane forms spirals

10.9.1.1. C-clamp

10.9.1.2. Vice

10.9.1.3. Wooden screw

10.10. Lever

10.10.1. Rigid object that pivots

10.10.1.1. See-saws

10.10.1.2. Crowbars

10.10.1.3. Pliers

10.11. Fulcrum

10.11.1. Point lever pivots

10.11.1.1. Hammer

10.11.1.2. Scissors

10.11.1.3. Wheel of wheelberrel

10.12. First class lever

10.12.1. Distance from fulcrum

10.12.1.1. Screw driver

10.12.1.2. Scissors

10.12.1.3. Crowbar

10.13. Second class lever

10.13.1. Levers always multiply force

10.13.1.1. Wheelberrel tipping forward

10.13.1.2. Nutcracker

10.13.1.3. Car door

10.14. Third class lever

10.14.1. don't change direction

10.14.1.1. Broom

10.14.1.2. Salad grabber

10.14.1.3. Fishing pole

10.15. Wheel and axle

10.15.1. Simple lifting machine

10.15.1.1. Screw driver

10.15.1.2. Door knobe

10.15.1.3. Well pulley

10.16. Pulley

10.16.1. Grooved wheel wrapped rope

10.16.1.1. Elevator

10.16.1.2. Cargo lift system

10.16.1.3. Wells

10.17. Complex machine

10.17.1. Six/more elements machine

10.17.1.1. Stapler

10.17.1.2. Can opener

10.17.1.3. Hand drill

10.18. Matter

10.18.1. Physical substance

10.18.1.1. Water

10.18.1.2. Oil

10.18.1.3. Blood

10.19. Weight

10.19.1. Physical substance with mass

10.19.1.1. Rollercoaster over the top

10.19.1.2. Elevator cable breaks

10.19.1.3. Plane being in orbit

10.20. Volume

10.20.1. Amount of space

10.20.1.1. Cubic centimeters

10.20.1.2. Liters

10.20.1.3. Millilters

10.21. Gravity

10.21.1. Force that attracts

10.21.1.1. Holds gasses in sun

10.21.1.2. Ball thrown into air

10.21.1.3. Car to coast downhill

10.22. Mass

10.22.1. Large body of matter

10.22.1.1. Pencil

10.22.1.2. Book

10.22.1.3. Computer

10.23. Simple machines

10.23.1. Basic mechanical machines

10.23.1.1. Inclined plane

10.23.1.2. Screw

10.23.1.3. Wedge

10.24. Resistance arm

10.24.1. Distance between axis/point

10.24.1.1. Wheelbarrow

10.24.1.2. Nutcracker

10.24.1.3. Rowing

10.25. Load

10.25.1. Weight/source of pressure

10.25.1.1. Toaster

10.25.1.2. Light bulb

10.25.1.3. Coffee maker

10.26. Friction

10.26.1. Force that opposes motion

10.26.1.1. Rubbing hands together

10.26.1.2. Sled sliding across snow

10.26.1.3. Skis against snow

10.27. Kinetic energy

10.27.1. Being in motion

10.27.1.1. A bike in motion

10.27.1.2. An airplane flying

10.27.1.3. A soccer ball rolling

10.28. Potential energy

10.28.1. Position relation to others

10.28.1.1. A bike still

10.28.1.2. An airplane sitting still

10.28.1.3. A soccer ball still

10.29. Mechanical energy

10.29.1. Kinetic/potential energy

10.29.1.1. Hammering a nail

10.29.1.2. A drawn bow

10.29.1.3. Lifting weights

10.30. Grams

10.30.1. Metric unit of mass

10.30.1.1. Pencil

10.30.1.2. Peanut

10.30.1.3. Cheese

10.31. Kilogram

10.31.1. SI unit of mass

10.31.1.1. Jello

10.31.1.2. Medium box crackers

10.31.1.3. Cars

10.32. Thermal energy

10.32.1. Energy possessed in objects

10.32.1.1. The sun

10.32.1.2. A hot pan

10.32.1.3. Hot choclate

11. Forces

11.1. Force

11.1.1. Physical power/strength

11.1.1.1. Push a cart

11.1.1.2. Mowing a lawn

11.1.1.3. Pushing a book

11.2. Unbalanced force

11.2.1. Non-zero net force

11.2.1.1. Pushing a cart

11.2.1.2. Pulling on rope

11.2.1.3. Arm wrestling

11.3. Mass

11.3.1. Large thing of matter

11.3.1.1. Pencil

11.3.1.2. Book

11.3.1.3. Computer

11.4. Inertia

11.4.1. Tendency of object

11.4.1.1. Car driving

11.4.1.2. Wearing a seat belt

11.4.1.3. Car making sharp turn

11.5. Friction

11.5.1. Force that opposes motion

11.5.1.1. Rubbing hands together

11.5.1.2. Sled across snow

11.5.1.3. Skis against snow

11.6. Newton's 1st law

11.6.1. At rest stays rest

11.6.1.1. A soccer ball

11.6.1.2. An airplane

11.6.1.3. A roller coaster

11.7. Newton

11.7.1. Unit of measurment

11.7.1.1. Jumping from diving board

11.7.1.2. Rowing boat into water

11.7.1.3. Air rushing from balloon

11.8. Newton's 2nd law

11.8.1. Acceleration of an object

11.8.1.1. Push a truck

11.8.1.2. Push a car

11.8.1.3. Push empty shopping cart

11.9. Sliding friction

11.9.1. Solid surface over another

11.9.1.1. Rubbing hands together

11.9.1.2. Sled sliding across snow

11.9.1.3. Skis across snow

11.10. Rolling friction

11.10.1. Object rolls another

11.10.1.1. Truck tires

11.10.1.2. Ball bearings

11.10.1.3. Bike wheels

11.11. Fluid friction

11.11.1. Object moves threw fluid

11.11.1.1. Swimming

11.11.1.2. Driving

11.11.1.3. Surfing

11.12. Gravity

11.12.1. Force that pulls

11.12.1.1. Holds gasses in sun

11.12.1.2. Ball thrown in air

11.12.1.3. Car to coast

11.13. Freefall

11.13.1. Only force is gravity

11.13.1.1. Spacecraft in continuous orbit

11.13.1.2. Object in projectile motion

11.13.1.3. Dropping ball from cliff

11.14. Air resistance

11.14.1. Object falling threw air

11.14.1.1. Sky diving

11.14.1.2. Hot air ballons

11.14.1.3. Driving a car

11.15. Weight

11.15.1. Physical substance with mass

11.15.1.1. Top of rollercoster

11.15.1.2. Elevator cable breaks

11.15.1.3. Plane being in orbit

11.16. Momentum

11.16.1. Objects mass and volume

11.16.1.1. A car driving

11.16.1.2. A canon moving

11.16.1.3. Newtons cradle

11.17. Matter

11.17.1. Physical substance

11.17.1.1. An apple

11.17.1.2. A table

11.17.1.3. A computer

11.18. Mechanical advantage

11.18.1. Force by machine

11.18.1.1. MA=3M/0.75M=4

11.18.1.2. MA=0.3M/1.2M=0.25

11.18.1.3. MA=10M/1M=10

11.19. Effort

11.19.1. Determined effort

11.19.1.1. Something done

11.19.1.2. Produced through exertion

11.19.1.3. An achievement

11.20. Heat energy

11.20.1. Transfer to other particles

11.20.1.1. The sun

11.20.1.2. Burner of stovetop

11.20.1.3. Automobile fuels

11.21. Lever

11.21.1. Rigid object that spirals

11.21.1.1. See-saws

11.21.1.2. Crowbars

11.21.1.3. Pliers

11.22. Kilogram

11.22.1. SI unit of mass

11.22.1.1. Jello

11.22.1.2. Medium box crackers

11.22.1.3. Cars

11.23. Kinetic energy

11.23.1. Being in motion

11.23.1.1. A bike moving

11.23.1.2. An airplane moving

11.23.1.3. A soccer ball rolling

11.24. Potential energy

11.24.1. Position relation to others

11.24.1.1. A bike still

11.24.1.2. An airplane sitting

11.24.1.3. A soccer ball still

11.25. Wheel and axle

11.25.1. Simple lifting machine

11.25.1.1. Screw driver

11.25.1.2. A door knobe

11.25.1.3. Well pulley

11.26. Inclined plane

11.26.1. Flat surface higher end

11.26.1.1. Ramp

11.26.1.2. Slide

11.26.1.3. Ladder

11.27. Screw

11.27.1. Inclined plane that spirals

11.27.1.1. C-clamp

11.27.1.2. Vice

11.27.1.3. Wooden screw

11.28. Wedge

11.28.1. Driven in-between two objects

11.28.1.1. Shovel

11.28.1.2. Ax

11.28.1.3. Chisel and Hammer

11.29. Pulley

11.29.1. Grooved wheel wrapped rope

11.29.1.1. Elevators

11.29.1.2. Cargo lift system

11.29.1.3. Wells