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Energy by Mind Map: Energy

1. Energy

1.1. Energy

1.1.1. Ability to do work Light energy Heat energy Mechanical energy

1.2. Kinetic energy

1.2.1. Due to its motion A bike moving An airplane flying Kicking a soccer ball

1.3. Potential energy

1.3.1. Potential to work A bike sitting still An airplane sitting still A soccer ball sitting

1.4. Mechanical energy

1.4.1. Motion/position of object A drawn bow Hammering a nail Kick a football

1.5. Thermal energy

1.5.1. Total energy of particles The sun A hot pan Hot choclate

1.6. Chemical energy

1.6.1. Potential energy chemical bonds A match Batteries Foods

1.7. Eletrical energy

1.7.1. Moving electric charges Lightning Batteries Lights

1.8. Electromagnetic energy

1.8.1. Light/forms of radiation Gamma rays Ultraviolet Radiation

1.9. Nuclear energy

1.9.1. Potential energy in nucleus Submarines Power plants Smoke detecter

1.10. Conduction

1.10.1. Transfer of heat An engine Radiator Heating pad

1.11. Convection

1.11.1. Heat transfer in fluids Boiling water Radiator Steaming cup of tea

1.12. Radiation

1.12.1. Energy transfer electromagnetic waves A campfire The sun Bunsen burner

1.13. Energy conversion

1.13.1. One form into another Microwave Photosynthesis Food we eat

1.14. Law of converstion of energy

1.14.1. Energy cannot be created/destroyed Chemical to motion Light bulb A drawn bow

2. Properties of matter

2.1. Matter

2.1.1. Anything with mass/volume Pencil Book Paper

2.2. Freezing

2.2.1. Water/liquid into solid Water Warts Soda

2.3. Element

2.3.1. Unique set of properties Oxygen Carbon Sodium

2.4. Melting

2.4.1. Solid into liquid Ice cream Ice Candle

2.5. Compound

2.5.1. Composed of two elements Salt Surgar Potato

2.6. Chemical reaction

2.6.1. Substence change into another Litmus dipped in vinegar Vinegar and baking soda Metal rusting

2.7. Mixture

2.7.1. Mixing other substances together Vinegar Apple cider Candy

2.8. Solution

2.8.1. Two or more substances Iced tea Lemonade Vinegar

2.9. Chemical bonds

2.9.1. Pair of electrons Salt Oxygen Carbon

2.10. Photosythesis

2.10.1. Light/carbon dioxide- glucose/oxygem Alage Vascular plants Anerobic organisms

2.11. Physical properties

2.11.1. Changing completly diffrent Color Smell Freezing point

2.12. Resperation

2.12.1. Action of breathing Food Waste Co2

2.13. Chemical properties

2.13.1. Characteristic of a substance Heat of combustion Flammability Toxicity

2.14. Celear resperation

2.14.1. Cells of organisms Carbs Fats Proteins

2.15. Mass

2.15.1. How much matter Pencil Book Computer

2.16. Reactants

2.16.1. Undergoes change during reaction Acid Hydrocholoric acid Oxygen

2.17. Density

2.17.1. Compactness of a substance Density=4 g/mL G/mL Kg

2.18. Oxygen

2.18.1. Colorless, odorless reactive gas Protons Nucleus Nutrons

2.19. Flammability

2.19.1. Substance to burn/ignite Diesel fuel Acetone Gasoline

2.20. Reactivity

2.20.1. Power of being reactive Calicium Copper Sodium

2.21. Physical change

2.21.1. Affecting a chemical substance Crushing a can Melting ice Boiling water

2.22. Chemical change

2.22.1. Rearrangement of atoms Burning wood Cooking an egg Souring milk

2.23. Combustion

2.23.1. Process of burning something Burning coal Burning methane gas Sparkles

2.24. Solid

2.24.1. Stable in shape Table salt Table surgar Ice

2.25. Liquid

2.25.1. Substance that flows freely Water Milk Soda

2.26. Gas

2.26.1. Air-like fluid substance Helium Air Nitrogen

2.27. Energy

2.27.1. Physical of mental activity Light energy Mechanical energy Sound energy

3. Changes in matter

3.1. Chemistry

3.1.1. Identification of the substances Digestion Drugs Cooking

3.2. Celluar respiration

3.2.1. Cells of organisms Carbs Fats Proteins

3.3. Physical change

3.3.1. Traits about your body Eye color Hair color Height

3.4. Mass

3.4.1. Amount of matter Pencil Computer Paper

3.5. Chemical change

3.5.1. Rearrangement of the atoms Anaerobic resperation Combustion Rust

3.6. Density

3.6.1. Compactness of a substance Ice floating on water Vegtable oil on water Corn syrup on honey

3.7. Endothermic

3.7.1. Absorption of heat Citric acid Sodium bicarbonate Ammonium chloride

3.8. Kinetic energy

3.8.1. Being in motion A bike moving An airplane flying A soccer ball moving

3.9. Exothermic

3.9.1. Release of heat Burning Acid Alkalis

3.10. Potential energy

3.10.1. Position relative to others A bike still An airplane standing A still soccer ball

3.11. Chemical reaction

3.11.1. Rearrangement of molecular structure Litmus dipped in vinegar Vinegar and baking soda Metal rusting

3.12. Melting

3.12.1. Liquefied by heat Ice cream Ice Candle

3.13. Precipitate

3.13.1. Deposited in solid form Hail Rain Sleet

3.14. Freezing

3.14.1. Freezing point of water Water Warts Soda

3.15. Chemical bond

3.15.1. Pair of electrons Copper Oxygen Carbon

3.16. Thermal energy

3.16.1. Motion of particles The sun A hot pan Hot choclate

3.17. Reactants

3.17.1. Undergoes change during reaction Acid Hydrochloric acid Oxygen

3.18. Evaporation

3.18.1. Liquid into vapor Water Gatorade Soda

3.19. Products

3.19.1. Substance manufactured Water Ammonium chloride Oxygen

3.20. Reactivity

3.20.1. Undergoes change during reaction Fireworks Rust Water

3.21. Solid

3.21.1. Stable in shape Soda can Bag Watch

3.22. Flammability

3.22.1. Substance to burn/ignite Diesel fuel Acetone Gasoline

3.23. Liquid

3.23.1. Substance that flows freely Water Milk Soda

3.24. Chemical equations

3.24.1. Forms of symbols/formulae 6 CO2+ 6H2O 2 AgI+Na2s Ba3N2+6 H2O

3.25. Gas

3.25.1. Air-like fluid substance Helium Nitrogen Carbon dioxide

3.26. Molecules

3.26.1. Atoms bonded together Water Oxyen Salt

3.27. Oxygen

3.27.1. Colorless, odorless reactive gas Protons Nucleus Nutrons

3.28. Matter

3.28.1. Anything with mass/volume Book Pencil Phone

3.29. Photosynthesis

3.29.1. Light/carbon dioxide-oxygen/gluecose Algae Vascular plants Anerobic organisms

3.30. Resperation

3.30.1. Action of breathing Food Waste CO2

4. Energy in the environment

4.1. Photosynthesis

4.1.1. Carbon dioxide/water-oxygen/gluecose Alage Vascular plants Anerobic organisms

4.2. Resporation

4.2.1. Action of breathing Alchol Fermentation Lactic acid fermentation

4.3. Producers

4.3.1. A manufacturer supplies goods Wood Leaves Roots

4.4. Consumers

4.4.1. Someone that purchased goods Deer Black bear Skunks

4.5. Herbivores

4.5.1. Animal that eat's plants Deer Koalas catterpilers

4.6. Carnivores

4.6.1. Animal that eat's flesh Lions Tigers Snakes

4.7. Scavenger

4.7.1. Animal that eat's anything A vulture Carrion bettle Blowflies

4.8. Omnivore

4.8.1. Animal/person eats both Insects Eggs Fungi

4.9. Decomposer

4.9.1. Decomposes organic material Bacteria Fungi Snails

4.10. Predator

4.10.1. Preys on others Lion Bear Fox

4.11. Prey

4.11.1. Hunted/killed by others Zebra Fish Rabbit

4.12. Symbiosis

4.12.1. Interaction of two organisms Commensalism Parasitism Mutualism

4.13. Mutualism

4.13.1. Two different species interact Oxpecker on Rhinocerous Oxpecker on Zebra Sucker fish on shark

4.14. Parasitism

4.14.1. Parasite in/ on another organism Tapeworms Fleas Barnacles

4.15. Food chains

4.15.1. Next source of food Grass to grasshopper Grasshopper to rat Rat to snake

4.16. Food webs

4.16.1. Interlocking/interdependent food chains Grass to zebra Zebra to lion Snake to eagle

4.17. Competition

4.17.1. Condition of competing Cheetahs Lions Tigers

4.18. Enviorment

4.18.1. Surroundings or conditions Animals Plant Soil

4.19. Carrying capacity

4.19.1. Quantity of people People in lifeboat How much you eat How much you drink

4.20. Gluecose

4.20.1. A simple sugar Vegtables Fruit Blood

4.21. Solar energy

4.21.1. Energy emitted by Sun Electricity Heat Light

4.22. Production

4.22.1. Making from raw materials Solar farms Wind farms Tidal farms

4.23. Celluar resperation

4.23.1. Takes place in cells Carbs Fats Proteins

4.24. Oxygen

4.24.1. Colorless, odorless reactive gas Protons Nutrons Nucleus

4.25. Chemical energy

4.25.1. Undergoes a chemical transformation Batteries Biomass Petroleum

4.26. Reactants

4.26.1. Undergoes change during reaction Ammonia Hydrochloric acid Oxygen

4.27. Mechanical energy

4.27.1. Sum of kinetic/potential A drawn bow Hammering a nail Lifting weights

4.28. Heat energy

4.28.1. Transfers among particles The sun Burner of stovetop Gasoline

4.29. Ecosystem

4.29.1. Biological community of organisms Tropical rainforest Temperate forest Grasslands

4.30. Commensalium

4.30.1. One benefits one no harm Tapeworms and humans Fleas and dogs Ticks and cats

4.31. Invasive species

4.31.1. Non-native Some trout Some insects Some plants

4.32. Evidence

4.32.1. Facts or information Specific examples Facts Statistics

4.33. Inference

4.33.1. Basis of evidence Animal made footprints A bear made footprints A bird made footprints

5. Minerals

5.1. Mineral

5.1.1. Solid, inorganic substance Calcite Hematite Topaz

5.2. Inorganic

5.2.1. Not from living matter Water Hydrogen Rain

5.3. Element

5.3.1. Part of something abstract Sodium Chlorine Lead

5.4. Compound

5.4.1. Composed of two/more Carbon dioxide Common salt Alcohol

5.5. Crystal

5.5.1. Highly transparent glass Table salt Sugar Snow

5.6. Mohs hardness scale

5.6.1. Softest to hardest minerals Topaz Diamond Feldzbar

5.7. Streak

5.7.1. Thin line of substance Diamond Feldzbar Topaz

5.8. Luster

5.8.1. Way light interacts Metallic Submetallic Vitreous

5.9. Density

5.9.1. Degree of compactness Ice floating on water Vegtable oil on water Corn syrup in honey

5.10. Cleavage

5.10.1. A sharp division Micca Fluorite Galena

5.11. Fracture

5.11.1. Breaking of hard object Quartz Feldspar Calcite

5.12. Fluorescence

5.12.1. Visible/invisible radiation Absorbed radiation Electromagnetic radiation Ultraviolet

5.13. Solution

5.13.1. Two/more substances mixed Iced tea Lemonade Vinegar

5.14. Vein

5.14.1. Sheetlike body if minerals Diamond Topaz Feldspar

5.15. Ore

5.15.1. Naturally occurring solid Chalcoche Sphfere Pyrite

5.16. Solid

5.16.1. Firm/stable in shape Book Computer Feldspar

5.17. Chemical composition

5.17.1. Ratio of atoms Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen

5.18. Naturally occuring

5.18.1. Existing by nature Extracting essential oils Obsidian Feldspar

5.19. Weathering

5.19.1. Wear away Wind and water Mudslide Rockslide

5.20. Crystalline

5.20.1. Form of a crystal Snowflakes Diamonds Table salt

5.21. Structure

5.21.1. Elements of something complex Starch Glucose Acetic acid

5.22. Rock

5.22.1. Solid mineral material Quartzite Lapis lazuli Siltstone

5.23. Sediments

5.23.1. Matter that settles Beccia Conglomerate Sandstone

5.24. Molecules

5.24.1. Group of atoms bonded Hydrogen atoms Oxygen atoms Carbon atoms

5.25. Oxygen

5.25.1. Colorless, odorless reactive gas Protons Nutrons Nutrons

6. Rocks

6.1. Igneous

6.1.1. Solidified from lava/magma Andesite Obsidian Rhyolite

6.2. Sedimentary

6.2.1. Formed from sediment Slitstone Shale Conglomerate

6.3. Metamorphic

6.3.1. Undergone transformation by heat Marble Schist Phylite

6.4. Texture

6.4.1. Feel, appearance of substance Coarse grained texture Fine grained texture Porphyritic texture

6.5. Grain

6.5.1. Developed by different processes Sand Silt Clay

6.6. Extrusive

6.6.1. Denoting rock Basalt Rhyolite Andesite

6.7. Intrusive

6.7.1. Causing disruption Granite Gabbro Diorite

6.8. Compaction

6.8.1. Squezed together by weight Limestone Chert Sandstone

6.9. Cementation

6.9.1. Binding together Sandstone Shale Limestone

6.10. Clastic

6.10.1. Composed of broken rock Breccia Sandstone Siltstone

6.11. Organic rock

6.11.1. Specific type of rock Coal Siltstone Breccia

6.12. Chemical rock

6.12.1. Minerals from water Sandstone Shale Conglomerate

6.13. Foliated

6.13.1. Thin sheets or laminae Gneiss Phyllite Schist

6.14. Rock cycle

6.14.1. Processes undergone by rocks Igneous to Sedimentary Sedimentary to Metamorphic Metemorphic to Igneous

6.15. Formation

6.15.1. Process of being formed Accumulation of sediment Crystallized from magma Pressure and heat

6.16. Magma

6.16.1. Hot fluid below crust Andesitic magma Basaltic magma Rhyolitic magma

6.17. Lava

6.17.1. Erupted from volcano Pahoehoe Aa Explosive eruptions

6.18. Minerals

6.18.1. Solid, inorganic substance Apatite Quartz Pyrite

6.19. Sediment

6.19.1. Matter that settles Breccia Conglomerate Sandstone

6.20. Weathering

6.20.1. Wearing away Wind and water Mudslide Rockslide

6.21. Grams

6.21.1. Metric unit of mass Pencil Peanut Cheese

6.22. Chemical composition

6.22.1. Ratio of atoms NaCl C12H22O11 NaHCO3

6.23. Fossils

6.23.1. Impression of prehistoric life Petrified fossil Trace fossil Index fossils

6.24. Enviorment

6.24.1. Surroundings or conditions Animals Soil Plants

6.25. Erosion

6.25.1. Gradual destruction Soil Dirt Rock

6.26. Materials

6.26.1. Where things are made Metals Semiconducters Ceramics

6.27. Organisms

6.27.1. An individual life form Person Dinosaurs Cats

7. Weathering and erosion

7.1. Mechanical weathering

7.1.1. Affects the land/Earth Cracks expand Woods crack in half Rocks crack in half

7.2. Ice wedging

7.2.1. Expands cracks Rock crack in half A jar cracks Glaciers form

7.3. Release of pressure

7.3.1. Underlying rocks to expand Granite Pressure is reduced Abrasion

7.4. Plant growth

7.4.1. Growth in vascular plants Auxins Gibberellins Cytokinins

7.5. Abrasion

7.5.1. Process of wearing away Wind Glacier Waves

7.6. Chemical weathering

7.6.1. Disintergration of rocks Hydrolysis Oxidation Carbonation

7.7. Soil

7.7.1. Mixture of Minerals, gases etc. Sand Silt Clay

7.8. Humus

7.8.1. Organic component of soil Soil Mor Moder

7.9. Erosion

7.9.1. Gradual destruction Soil Dirt Rock

7.10. Till

7.10.1. Rocks are broken Thermal expansion Frost shattering Plant activity

7.11. Moraine

7.11.1. Unconsolidated glacial debris Terminal moraines Lateral moraines Medial moraines

7.12. Sediment

7.12.1. Matter that settles Breccia Conglomerate Sandstone

7.13. Sedimentary

7.13.1. Formed from sediment Slitstone Shale Limestone

7.14. Igneous

7.14.1. Solidified by lava/magma Andesite Obsidian Rhyolite

7.15. Metemorphic

7.15.1. Transformed by heat Quartzite Gnesis Phylite

7.16. Rock cycle

7.16.1. Process undergone by rocks Igneous to Sedimentary Sedimentary to Metemorphic Metemorphic to Igneous

7.17. Heat

7.17.1. Become hot or warm The sun Burner of a stovetop Gasoline

7.18. Water

7.18.1. Transparent, odorless liquid Ice River Rain

7.19. Wind

7.19.1. Natural movement of air Grind grain Pump water Generate electricity

7.20. Gravity

7.20.1. Force that attracts Holds gases in sun A ball you throw Car to coast downhill

7.21. Minerals

7.21.1. Solid, inorganic substance Calcite Topaz Hematite

7.22. Organic matter

7.22.1. living/ dead material Lawn clippings Leaves Corn stalks

7.23. Compacted

7.23.1. Extert force on something Heat and pressure Heat Weathering and erosion

7.24. Cemented

7.24.1. Bind particles together Clastic Chemical Organic

7.25. Rock

7.25.1. Solid mineral material Limestone Breccia Conglomerate

7.26. Particles

7.26.1. Minute portion of matter Protons Neutrons Electrons

7.27. Fossil

7.27.1. Impression of prehistoric organism Bones Shells Teeth

7.28. Organism

7.28.1. An individual life form Dog Cat Person

7.29. Biological activity

7.29.1. Effects of a drug Antibacterial Anti-inflammatory Antitumor

7.30. Glacier

7.30.1. Body of dense ice Mountain glaciers Valley glaciers TIdewater glaciers

8. Geological time

8.1. Fossils

8.1.1. Remains of living organisms Petrified fossil Trace fossils Index fossils

8.2. Preserved remains

8.2.1. Prehistoric remain Mammoth Frog mosquito

8.3. Paleontologists

8.3.1. Scientists that studies fossils Taphonomist Palynologist Paleobotanist

8.4. Relative age

8.4.1. Geologic age of fossil etc. F is the youngest E is the youngest E is the oldest

8.5. Sedimentary rock

8.5.1. Formed by deposition/solidfication FIsh Shells Bugs

8.6. Absolute age

8.6.1. True age of fossil U-238-Pb-206 U-235-Pb-207 Rb-87-Sr-87

8.7. Petrified fossil

8.7.1. Turning into stone Fish Wood Bugs

8.8. Trace fossils

8.8.1. Fossil of an organism Tracks Burrows Eggshells

8.9. Mold

8.9.1. A cavity of organism Shells Bones Wood

8.10. Extrusion

8.10.1. The movement of magma Fish Plants Shells

8.11. Cast

8.11.1. Minerals enter a cavity Shells Fish Plants

8.12. Intrusion

8.12.1. Molten rock, rock layer Plants Fish Shells

8.13. Carbon films

8.13.1. Thin coating of carbon Flowers Fish Feathers

8.14. Index fossils

8.14.1. Useful for dating Ammonites Brachiopods Graptolites

8.15. Law of superposition

8.15.1. Undisturbed sequences of rocks F is the youngest Oldest on bottom Youngest on top

8.16. Half life

8.16.1. Half of original value Uranium 238 Plutonium 239 Carbon 14

8.17. Uniforitarianism

8.17.1. Changes in Earth's crust Layers of Basalt Dinosaurs Meteorite impact

8.18. Organisms

8.18.1. An individual object Dinosaurs People Dogs

8.19. Fossilization

8.19.1. Convert into fossil Plants Shells Fish

8.20. Preservation

8.20.1. Action of preserving something Mosquios in amber Bugs Shells

8.21. Fragmentation

8.21.1. State of being broken Shells Bugs Dinosaurs

8.22. Sediment

8.22.1. Settles at bottom Fish Plants Shells

8.23. The fossil record

8.23.1. History of life Cambrian 500-550 million years ago Ordoviolan 450-500 million years ago Permian 250-300 million years ago

8.24. Skeleton

8.24.1. Supports an organsim Person Dog Cat

8.25. Deposition

8.25.1. Action of deposing someone Sand dunes Carbon dioxide Dry ice

8.26. Weathered

8.26.1. Worn by long exposure Wind/water causes pieces Exfoliation Plant acid

8.27. Eroded

8.27.1. Gradually wear away Moved by water Moved by ice Moved by wind

8.28. Rock layer

8.28.1. Layer of Sedimentary rock Disconformity Angular unconfomity Nonconformity

8.29. Geologic history

8.29.1. Major events on Earth Cenozoic Mesozic Paleozoic

8.30. Deformation

8.30.1. Changing in shape Shells Rock layers Shells

8.31. Geological material

8.31.1. Land where we live Asbestos Perlite Mica

8.32. Rocks

8.32.1. Natural, solid substance Quartzite Siltstone Shale

8.33. Superposition

8.33.1. Sum of the responses Sand at the top Limestone at bottom Gravel in middle

9. Waves

9.1. Conduction

9.1.1. Heat is directly transfered Engine Radiator Heating pad

9.2. Convection

9.2.1. Current in fluid Boiling water Steaming tea Radiator

9.3. Wavelength

9.3.1. Between two corresponding parts 100 kev 10nm-100nm 0.01-10nm

9.4. Lever

9.4.1. Rigid bar on pivot See-saws Crowbars Pliers

9.5. Amplitude

9.5.1. Maximum distance between particles 540-1600 kHZ 88 to 108 MHZ 300GHz-3kHz

9.6. Light

9.6.1. All types of light Gamma rays Radio waves X-rays

9.7. Radiation

9.7.1. Energy had electromagnetic waves X-rays Gamma rays Ultraviolet

9.8. Hertz

9.8.1. Measurement of frequency Car/sedan Convertable Wagon/estate

9.9. Rarefraction

9.9.1. Part of logitudinal wave

9.10. Surface waves

9.10.1. Between mediums Mechanical waves Ocean waves Air

10. Simple machine

10.1. Work

10.1.1. Activity you do regurally A book falls Pulling a wagon Mowing a lawn

10.2. Force

10.2.1. Push/pull an object Push a cart Mowing a lawn Book falling

10.3. Machine

10.3.1. A device that changes Lever Screw Inclined plane

10.4. Input force

10.4.1. Force exterted on machine Pliers Wheel berrel Lifting weights

10.5. Output force

10.5.1. Force on machine Front part of pliers Berrel part of wheelberrel Weight

10.6. Mechanical advantage

10.6.1. Times force exterted MA=3M/0.75M=4 MA=0.3M/1.2M=0.25 MA=10M/1M=10

10.7. Inclined plane

10.7.1. Flat surface higher end Ramps Slides Ladder

10.8. Wedge

10.8.1. Driven in-between two objects Shovel Ax Chisel

10.9. Screw

10.9.1. Inclined plane forms spirals C-clamp Vice Wooden screw

10.10. Lever

10.10.1. Rigid object that pivots See-saws Crowbars Pliers

10.11. Fulcrum

10.11.1. Point lever pivots Hammer Scissors Wheel of wheelberrel

10.12. First class lever

10.12.1. Distance from fulcrum Screw driver Scissors Crowbar

10.13. Second class lever

10.13.1. Levers always multiply force Wheelberrel tipping forward Nutcracker Car door

10.14. Third class lever

10.14.1. don't change direction Broom Salad grabber Fishing pole

10.15. Wheel and axle

10.15.1. Simple lifting machine Screw driver Door knobe Well pulley

10.16. Pulley

10.16.1. Grooved wheel wrapped rope Elevator Cargo lift system Wells

10.17. Complex machine

10.17.1. Six/more elements machine Stapler Can opener Hand drill

10.18. Matter

10.18.1. Physical substance Water Oil Blood

10.19. Weight

10.19.1. Physical substance with mass Rollercoaster over the top Elevator cable breaks Plane being in orbit

10.20. Volume

10.20.1. Amount of space Cubic centimeters Liters Millilters

10.21. Gravity

10.21.1. Force that attracts Holds gasses in sun Ball thrown into air Car to coast downhill

10.22. Mass

10.22.1. Large body of matter Pencil Book Computer

10.23. Simple machines

10.23.1. Basic mechanical machines Inclined plane Screw Wedge

10.24. Resistance arm

10.24.1. Distance between axis/point Wheelbarrow Nutcracker Rowing

10.25. Load

10.25.1. Weight/source of pressure Toaster Light bulb Coffee maker

10.26. Friction

10.26.1. Force that opposes motion Rubbing hands together Sled sliding across snow Skis against snow

10.27. Kinetic energy

10.27.1. Being in motion A bike in motion An airplane flying A soccer ball rolling

10.28. Potential energy

10.28.1. Position relation to others A bike still An airplane sitting still A soccer ball still

10.29. Mechanical energy

10.29.1. Kinetic/potential energy Hammering a nail A drawn bow Lifting weights

10.30. Grams

10.30.1. Metric unit of mass Pencil Peanut Cheese

10.31. Kilogram

10.31.1. SI unit of mass Jello Medium box crackers Cars

10.32. Thermal energy

10.32.1. Energy possessed in objects The sun A hot pan Hot choclate

11. Forces

11.1. Force

11.1.1. Physical power/strength Push a cart Mowing a lawn Pushing a book

11.2. Unbalanced force

11.2.1. Non-zero net force Pushing a cart Pulling on rope Arm wrestling

11.3. Mass

11.3.1. Large thing of matter Pencil Book Computer

11.4. Inertia

11.4.1. Tendency of object Car driving Wearing a seat belt Car making sharp turn

11.5. Friction

11.5.1. Force that opposes motion Rubbing hands together Sled across snow Skis against snow

11.6. Newton's 1st law

11.6.1. At rest stays rest A soccer ball An airplane A roller coaster

11.7. Newton

11.7.1. Unit of measurment Jumping from diving board Rowing boat into water Air rushing from balloon

11.8. Newton's 2nd law

11.8.1. Acceleration of an object Push a truck Push a car Push empty shopping cart

11.9. Sliding friction

11.9.1. Solid surface over another Rubbing hands together Sled sliding across snow Skis across snow

11.10. Rolling friction

11.10.1. Object rolls another Truck tires Ball bearings Bike wheels

11.11. Fluid friction

11.11.1. Object moves threw fluid Swimming Driving Surfing

11.12. Gravity

11.12.1. Force that pulls Holds gasses in sun Ball thrown in air Car to coast

11.13. Freefall

11.13.1. Only force is gravity Spacecraft in continuous orbit Object in projectile motion Dropping ball from cliff

11.14. Air resistance

11.14.1. Object falling threw air Sky diving Hot air ballons Driving a car

11.15. Weight

11.15.1. Physical substance with mass Top of rollercoster Elevator cable breaks Plane being in orbit

11.16. Momentum

11.16.1. Objects mass and volume A car driving A canon moving Newtons cradle

11.17. Matter

11.17.1. Physical substance An apple A table A computer

11.18. Mechanical advantage

11.18.1. Force by machine MA=3M/0.75M=4 MA=0.3M/1.2M=0.25 MA=10M/1M=10

11.19. Effort

11.19.1. Determined effort Something done Produced through exertion An achievement

11.20. Heat energy

11.20.1. Transfer to other particles The sun Burner of stovetop Automobile fuels

11.21. Lever

11.21.1. Rigid object that spirals See-saws Crowbars Pliers

11.22. Kilogram

11.22.1. SI unit of mass Jello Medium box crackers Cars

11.23. Kinetic energy

11.23.1. Being in motion A bike moving An airplane moving A soccer ball rolling

11.24. Potential energy

11.24.1. Position relation to others A bike still An airplane sitting A soccer ball still

11.25. Wheel and axle

11.25.1. Simple lifting machine Screw driver A door knobe Well pulley

11.26. Inclined plane

11.26.1. Flat surface higher end Ramp Slide Ladder

11.27. Screw

11.27.1. Inclined plane that spirals C-clamp Vice Wooden screw

11.28. Wedge

11.28.1. Driven in-between two objects Shovel Ax Chisel and Hammer

11.29. Pulley

11.29.1. Grooved wheel wrapped rope Elevators Cargo lift system Wells