# Subordinate clauses

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Subordinate clauses

## 3. Purpose

### 3.1. To+infinitivo

3.1.1. I went to the university to talk to one of my teachers.

### 3.2. In order to i

3.2.1. - I went to the university in order to talk to one of my so as to teachers.

### 3.3. so that+ can(n+t)/will (won't)

3.3.1. I’ll buy a ball so that we can play football.

### 3.4. would(n't)/could(n't)

3.4.1. I bought a ball so that we could play football

### 3.5. For + noun / -ing form

3.5.1. A knife is used for cutting

### 3.6. In case + present

3.6.1. We will buy an extra ticket in case Martin wants to join us (lo compramos antes por si Martin luego decide venir).

### 3.7. In case + past

3.7.1. We will buy an extra ticket if Martin wants to join us (esperamos a que Martin nos diga que va a venir y luego compramos la entrada).

## 5. Time

### 5.1. As I was walking down the street, I saw

5.1.1. - I’ll phone you when I know the answer

### 5.3. While = mientras (que)

5.3.1. While I was watching TV, the telephone rang.

### 5.4. As soon as = tan

5.4.1. I’ll phone you as soon as I know the answer.

### 5.5. Until = hasta (que)

5.5.1. We were waiting until she arrived

## 6. Contrast

### 6.2. ALTHOUGH / EVEN THOUGH / THOUGH + CLAUSE

6.2.1. Although he didn’t have money, he bought the most expensive car.

### 6.3. IN SPITE OF / DESPITE + NOUN / -ING FORM

6.3.1. In spite of not having money, he bought the most expensive car.

6.3.2. Despite the rain, we went out for a walk.

### 6.4. While y whereas = mientras que

6.4.1. He is lively and easygoing whereas his sister is rather shy

### 6.6. However, nevertheless, yet = no

6.6.1. She didn’t want to have more children.

## 13. Reason

### 13.1. Because: por que

13.1.1. BECAUSE+CLAUSE We moved to another city because my father got a new job.

### 13.2. Because of

13.2.1. BECAUSE OF+NOUN We moved to another city, because of my fathers new job.

### 13.3. As-since: como, puesto que

13.3.1. As it your birthday, I'll lend you my best clothes