Subordinate clauses

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Subordinate clauses by Mind Map: Subordinate clauses


1.1. It is such a big city (that) I always get lost.


2.1. The ticket for the concert was so expensive (that) we couldn’t buy it.

3. As a result / therefore = again in September.

3.1. I failed my English test. Therefore, I took it again in September.

4. So = así que

4.1. she was ill so she couldn't take the exam.

5. I hurried so as not to miss the bus.

6. In negative sentences, it is usually used in order not to / so not to

7. In English there are different conjunctions and adverbs that indicate reason, purpose, result of something, time, contrast.

8. The subordinate clauses are those formed by a main clause, a subordinate conjunction and a dependent clause.

9. Reason

9.1. Because: por que

9.1.1. BECAUSE+CLAUSE We moved to another city because my father got a new job.

9.2. Because of

9.2.1. BECAUSE OF+NOUN We moved to another city, because of my fathers new job.

9.3. As-since: como, puesto que

9.3.1. As it your birthday, I'll lend you my best clothes

9.4. Due to, owing to: debido a

10. Purpose

10.1. To+infinitivo

10.1.1. I went to the university to talk to one of my teachers.

10.2. In order to i

10.2.1. - I went to the university in order to talk to one of my so as to teachers.

10.3. so that+ can(n+t)/will (won't)

10.3.1. I’ll buy a ball so that we can play football.

10.4. would(n't)/could(n't)

10.4.1. I bought a ball so that we could play football

10.5. For + noun / -ing form

10.5.1. A knife is used for cutting

10.6. In case + present

10.6.1. We will buy an extra ticket in case Martin wants to join us (lo compramos antes por si Martin luego decide venir).

10.7. In case + past

10.7.1. We will buy an extra ticket if Martin wants to join us (esperamos a que Martin nos diga que va a venir y luego compramos la entrada).

11. Result

12. Time

12.1. As I was walking down the street, I saw

12.1.1. - I’ll phone you when I know the answer

12.2. When / as = cuando my ex-boyfriend

12.3. While = mientras (que)

12.3.1. While I was watching TV, the telephone rang.

12.4. As soon as = tan

12.4.1. I’ll phone you as soon as I know the answer.

12.5. Until = hasta (que)

12.5.1. We were waiting until she arrived

13. Contrast

13.1. Although / even though / though = aunque In spite of / Despite = a pesar de


13.2.1. Although he didn’t have money, he bought the most expensive car.


13.3.1. In spite of not having money, he bought the most expensive car.

13.3.2. Despite the rain, we went out for a walk.

13.4. While y whereas = mientras que

13.4.1. He is lively and easygoing whereas his sister is rather shy

13.5. But = pero

13.6. However, nevertheless, yet = no

13.6.1. She didn’t want to have more children.