Subordinate clauses

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Subordinate clauses by Mind Map: Subordinate clauses

1. SUCH + (ADJECTIVE) + NOUN THAT

1.1. It is such a big city (that) I always get lost.

2. SO + ADJECTIVE / ADVERB + THAT

2.1. The ticket for the concert was so expensive (that) we couldn’t buy it.

3. As a result / therefore = again in September.

3.1. I failed my English test. Therefore, I took it again in September.

4. So = así que

4.1. she was ill so she couldn't take the exam.

5. I hurried so as not to miss the bus.

6. In negative sentences, it is usually used in order not to / so not to

7. In English there are different conjunctions and adverbs that indicate reason, purpose, result of something, time, contrast.

8. The subordinate clauses are those formed by a main clause, a subordinate conjunction and a dependent clause.

9. Reason

9.1. Because: por que

9.1.1. BECAUSE+CLAUSE We moved to another city because my father got a new job.

9.2. Because of

9.2.1. BECAUSE OF+NOUN We moved to another city, because of my fathers new job.

9.3. As-since: como, puesto que

9.3.1. As it your birthday, I'll lend you my best clothes

9.4. Due to, owing to: debido a

10. Purpose

10.1. To+infinitivo

10.1.1. I went to the university to talk to one of my teachers.

10.2. In order to i

10.2.1. - I went to the university in order to talk to one of my so as to teachers.

10.3. so that+ can(n+t)/will (won't)

10.3.1. I’ll buy a ball so that we can play football.

10.4. would(n't)/could(n't)

10.4.1. I bought a ball so that we could play football

10.5. For + noun / -ing form

10.5.1. A knife is used for cutting

10.6. In case + present

10.6.1. We will buy an extra ticket in case Martin wants to join us (lo compramos antes por si Martin luego decide venir).

10.7. In case + past

10.7.1. We will buy an extra ticket if Martin wants to join us (esperamos a que Martin nos diga que va a venir y luego compramos la entrada).

11. Result

12. Time

12.1. As I was walking down the street, I saw

12.1.1. - I’ll phone you when I know the answer

12.2. When / as = cuando my ex-boyfriend

12.3. While = mientras (que)

12.3.1. While I was watching TV, the telephone rang.

12.4. As soon as = tan

12.4.1. I’ll phone you as soon as I know the answer.

12.5. Until = hasta (que)

12.5.1. We were waiting until she arrived

13. Contrast

13.1. Although / even though / though = aunque In spite of / Despite = a pesar de

13.2. ALTHOUGH / EVEN THOUGH / THOUGH + CLAUSE

13.2.1. Although he didn’t have money, he bought the most expensive car.

13.3. IN SPITE OF / DESPITE + NOUN / -ING FORM

13.3.1. In spite of not having money, he bought the most expensive car.

13.3.2. Despite the rain, we went out for a walk.

13.4. While y whereas = mientras que

13.4.1. He is lively and easygoing whereas his sister is rather shy

13.5. But = pero

13.6. However, nevertheless, yet = no

13.6.1. She didn’t want to have more children.