Animal Cell

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Animal Cell by Mind Map: Animal Cell

1. cytoskeleton

1.1. maintains cell shape and assists movement of cell parts

1.1.1. Intermediate filaments : protein fibers that provide support and strength

1.1.2. Actin filaments : protein fibers that play a role in movement of cell and organelles

1.1.3. Microtubules : cylinder of protein molecules present in cytoplasm , centrioles , cilia , and flagella

2. plasma membrane

2.1. outer surface that regulates entrance and exit of molecules

3. Centrioles

3.1. short cylinders of microtubules of unknown function

4. Lysosome

4.1. vesicle that digests macromolecules and even cell parts

5. centrosome

5.1. microtubule organizing center that contains a pair of centrioles

6. cytoplasm

6.1. semi fluid matrix outside nucleus that contains organelles

7. vesicle

7.1. a membrane bounded sac that stores and transports substances

8. Nucleus

8.1. nuclear envelope : double membrane with nuclear pores that encloses nucleus

8.2. chromatin : diffuse threads containing DNA and protein

8.3. nucleolus : region that produces subunits of ribosomes

9. Endoplasmic reticulum

9.1. rough : studded with ribosomes

9.2. smooth : lacks ribosomes , synthesizes lipid molecules

10. ribosomes

10.1. particles that carry out protein synthesis

11. mitochondrion

11.1. organelle that carries out cellular respiration , producing ATP molecules

12. polyribosome

12.1. string of ribosomes simultaneously synthesizing same protein

13. golgi apparatus

13.1. processes , packages , and secretes modified cell products