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1. Symbols

1.1. Hell

1.1.1. Make thick my blood. Stop up the access and passage to remorse, That no compunctious visitings of nature Shake my fell purpose, nor keep peace between The effect and it!

2. Figurative Language

2.1. Fair is foul and foul is fair (witches) - Chiasmus

2.2. If chance will have me king, then chance may crown me without my stir (Macbeth) - Situational Irony

3. Major Characters

3.1. Lady Macbeth

3.1.1. Come you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts; unsex me here (Lady Macbeth)

3.1.2. And take my milk for gall, you murd'ring ministers, Wherever in your sightless substances You wait on nature’s mischief. Come, thick night, And pall thee in the dunnest smoke of hell( Lady Macbeth Act 1 Scene 5)

3.2. Macbeth

3.2.1. Stars hide your fires; let not light see my black and deep desires (Macbeth)

3.3. The witches

3.3.1. All hail, Macbeth! Hail to thee, thane of Cawdor!( Second Witch Act 1 Scene 3)

3.3.2. All hail, Macbeth, that shalt be king hereafter!( Third Witch Act 1 Scene 3)

3.3.3. The witches instigate to Macbeth about him becoming the king, a huge role because without the witches reciting their prophecy in front of Macbeth, Macbeth would have not thought about killing Duncan.

4. Themes

4.1. Paradoxes

4.1.1. Fair is foul and foul is fair (witches)

4.1.2. Lesser than Macbeth and greater.

4.1.3. Not so happy, yet much happier.