Foundations of Education

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Foundations of Education por Mind Map: Foundations of Education

1. Educational Inequality

1.1. classes offered are not straight across the board for everyone. thus setting a student back when continuing their education.

1.2. academic standards not being maintained to produce well informed educated students

1.3. conflict theorists support that student success is determinded by a combination of factors such as family social class schools and environment.

1.4. student-centered factors such as family, peer group community, culture and the student.

1.5. school-centered factors include teachers, teaching methods, curriculum, school climate ad teacher expectations.

2. Organizations

2.1. The U.S. Department of Education was created in 1970.

2.2. The U.S. dept. of Education has little power.

2.3. School Struture

2.3.1. Student Composition in public schools 53.5% are white. Of the states, 16 have less than 50% white. Ten stat have no minorities. Large states are heavily multiracial. New York City is 85.6% minority. Los Angeles is 91.3% minority, Detroit is 97.4% minority

2.4. Private schools

2.4.1. Private schools constitute 25% of all schools and educate only 10% of all students

2.4.2. In other countries individuals go through rigorous academic rites of passage. This design separates those that can and those that cannot as well as those that have and those that have not.

3. Philosophy

3.1. My classroom will be a comfortable place where all students with different backgrounds learn to work together as a whole.

3.1.1. Plato thought that education, in particular, was important as a means of moving forward achieving the good. He believed that the state should play an active role in education and was more abstract and more concerned with ideas rather then concrete matter.

3.1.2. Aristotle's Theory of logic is important because he was the first philosopher to develop a rational, systematic method for testing the logic of statements people make.

3.1.3. Idealists place emphasis on studying the classics such as literature.

3.1.4. It is the role of the teacher to analyze and discuss ideas with students in order for students to move to new levels of awareness so that ultimately they can transform.

3.2. progressivism

3.2.1. Methods of instruction: people solving or inquiry method. Test and retest to learn. Formal instruction does not exist as the norm. Group activities are encouraged. The classroom is changeable depending on different needs. Learning and teaching using all subject areas.

3.3. Neo- Marxism

3.3.1. The role of education is to help student realized that education in a capitalists society perpetuates the social orders and encourages students to realize and understand and become agents of social change. Empower students to question why. Who and what actually determines society. Create a better society for all through intelligence and education. Education should transform the dominate culture. The role of the teacher: Engage students in critical examination of the world. Assist in helping students become "wide awake"

3.4. realism

3.4.1. The real world or material world is reality not ideas. Matter exist independent of ideas, syllogism is the method of reasoning individuals can determine their path through life. Create a better society through logic and reasoning in order to make good choices. The goal of education is to help the individuals understand and apply knowledge to solve the problems of the world.

3.5. pragmatism

3.5.1. What has meaning and value is the basic foundation of education. Find processes that work to achieve the desired ends. Experience is key to relevance of study. The contemporary issues are more important. What will work to solve a problem. John Locke, a realist, suggest that students are blank slates. Acquire knowledge through ones senses and experiences.

4. History of Educations

4.1. Old Deluder Laws

4.1.1. 1642 Public schools- boys only You learned to read and write. You only learned basic survival skills.

4.2. Thomas Jefferson

4.2.1. You only went to further your education.

4.3. Social-engineering reform

4.4. Education reform- school choice due to failing schools.

4.5. No Child Left Behind

4.6. Charter Schools- funding by public ed but the rules go out the door. teachers and admin does not have tenure.

4.7. Morrill Act est. land grants in each country and state for public ed.

4.8. Women were educated for domestic purposes.

5. Educational Reform

5.1. constantly monitoring student progress

5.2. challenged by academics

5.3. school discipline that establishes an orderly atmodphere

5.4. goals are clearly identified

5.5. qualities of a teacher

5.5.1. causes due to funding environment and teacher quality

5.5.2. area you called to the profession

5.5.3. professional knowledge

5.5.4. professional qualities

5.5.5. with-it-ness

5.5.6. instructional effectiveness

5.5.7. good communicator

5.5.8. street smart

5.5.9. willing to go the extra mile

5.5.10. lifelong learner

6. Sociological Perspectives

6.1. Understanding how social aspirations and fears forcepeople to ask questions about the societies and culture in which they live.

6.1.1. Materials

6.1.2. Personel

6.1.3. Services

6.1.4. Duration

6.2. School stratify students into tracks by curricular placements and results in how they are successful.

6.3. students are taught the values and beliefs of the society for them to think and act like other members of society.

6.4. Gender bias men are still paid more for equivalent jobs. Academics are leveling between the sexes. Schools are still perpetuating gender inequalities.

6.5. The societal level includes the most general of society such as its political and economic systems, level of development and system of social stratification.

7. Politics of Education

7.1. traditionalist

7.1.1. Capitalism and free economies must be kept in check.

7.1.2. governments must intervene to ensure equality in education and economics.

7.2. Governments must address social issues.

7.2.1. Schedule

7.2.2. Budget

7.3. Financial Influence

7.3.1. economics unregulated cause unfair distribution of wealth and opportunities.

7.4. Educational opportunities must be kept equal across the nation, states, and communities.

7.5. Our point of views are influenced by the environment we grow up in.

7.5.1. conservative-individuals must compete in the social environment in order to survive and human progress is dependent and individual initiatives and drive.

7.5.2. equal education for all- NCLB Act

7.5.3. The Reagan Philosophy stressed individuals initiative and portrayed the individuals as the only one capable of solving his or her own problems.

7.6. Conservative Perspective

7.7. Liberal Perspective

7.8. Radical Perspective

7.9. Neo-liberal Perspective

7.10. Traditional Vision of Education

7.11. Progressivism Vision of Education

8. •Curriculum and Pedagogy

8.1. basic skills of fundamentals being taught

8.2. Teaching to the test

8.2.1. Equip the student with knowledge needed to excel

8.3. Social Efficiency became the cornerstone of progressivism.

8.4. Conservatist say that social efficiency has diluted the curriculum to the point that it has lost the purpose of transmitting one common culture.

8.5. should the curriculum be flexible to meet all needs or should it be meeting the needs of a diverse population.

9. •Equality of Opportunity

9.1. Demographic treads in regards o color, gender, and economic status.

9.2. Inequality in schools due to "family class standards", athletics, schol groups

9.2.1. Social stratification

9.3. Stratification to our own social groups

9.4. school choice- public vs private