Societal and Cultural Systems and Their Integration

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Societal and Cultural Systems and Their Integration por Mind Map: Societal and Cultural Systems and Their Integration

1. Theories

1.1. Linton

1.1.1. Classification of cultural items as

1.1.1.1. i. Universals

1.1.1.2. ii. Alternative

1.1.2. Advanced a hypothesis

1.1.2.1. Proportion of alternative

1.1.2.2. Degree of culture integreation

1.2. Sorokin

1.2.1. Developed 6 categories of integration

1.2.1.1. i. Unity based upon perception

1.2.1.1.1. - Spatially contagious

1.2.1.1.2. - Perceptual unities

1.2.1.2. ii. Casual - Functional unity

1.2.1.2.1. - Spatially contagious

1.2.1.2.2. - Mechanically cohesive unities

1.2.1.3. iii. Logico - Meaningful unity

1.2.1.3.1. - Indirect Casual

1.2.1.4. iv. Direct casual - Functional unities

1.2.1.5. v. Pure meaningful, logico - Aesthetic unities

1.2.1.6. vi. Integrate the level of concept

1.2.1.6.1. Level of phenomena

1.3. Landacker

1.3.1. Distinguished

1.3.1.1. i. Cultural integration

1.3.1.1.1. - Relations between cultural products in terms of consistency

1.3.1.2. ii. Normative integration

1.3.1.2.1. - Relations between cultural product & the behavior in terms of community

1.3.1.3. iii. Communicative integration

1.3.1.3.1. - Volume of communication between members of the group

1.3.1.4. iv. Functional integration

1.3.1.4.1. - Describe the number of services exchanged between the members

1.4. The Three catogories

1.4.1. i. Spatial category of societal phenomena

1.4.2. ii. Time category of cultural items

1.4.2.1. Actualized by a person

1.4.3. iii. Spaceless-timeless category of the system of culture

1.4.3.1. link to category of space

1.4.3.1.1. means to category of validity

1.4.3.2. link to means of the category of causality-teleology

1.4.3.2.1. succesiveness

1.5. Four possible modi

1.5.1. Following fourfold table expressed

1.5.1.1. 1. If cells number 1 and 2

1.5.1.1.1. It represents the most integrated group in the both system

1.5.1.2. 2. If cells number 1 and 4

1.5.1.2.1. It represents a group which is socially organized but cultural system displays contradiction

1.5.1.3. 3. Connection of cells number 2 and 3

1.5.1.3.1. A case which persons have same values but unable to carry out a coordination action.

1.5.1.4. 4. Cells number 3 and 4

1.5.1.4.1. Case of maximum social and cultural disorganization.

1.5.2. - A maximal integration

1.5.2.1. in relations between concepts and phenomena

1.5.3. societal and cultural self-awareness

1.5.3.1. - Produced awareness of certain contradictions

1.5.4. Similarity of societal and cultural pattern :

1.5.4.1. - Tend to be integrated in term of both spatial and time dimensions

1.5.5. Difference

1.5.5.1. - Cutural system = abstract system

1.5.5.2. - Societal pattern = concrete action system

1.5.5.2.1. - Concrete system is characterized by

1.5.6. Culture = conceived on the level of potentialities

1.5.6.1. - Capacity of human to manipulate future

1.5.6.2. - Past activities by means of symbols

1.5.7. Culture = transcendental category

1.5.7.1. Overlaps with society but simultaneously transcends it.

2. Concept

2.1. Society prior to cultural

3. Societal and Cultural integration

3.1. Characterized by :

3.1.1. i. Achieved within the category of meaningful consistency

3.1.2. ii. Situation :

3.1.2.1. - Actor succeeds

3.1.2.1.1. Compartmentalizing particular values

3.1.2.2. - Actor confronts and eliminates

3.1.2.2.1. Contradictory persons

3.2. Confrontation of Values

3.2.1. values transferred from the category of time to the category of spaceless-timeless validity

3.2.1.1. (transferred form dimension of successivity to dimension of simultaneity)

3.3. Well-integrated social system characterized by

3.3.1. i. A dynamic equilibrium

3.3.2. ii. Simultaneous coordination of all functions

3.3.3. iii. Capacity to meet unexpected situations

4. Schools of thought

4.1. Emile Durkheim

4.1.1. System culture = Collective representations/ Social facts

4.2. Radcliffe-Brown

4.2.1. Social structure = an abstraction

4.3. Talcott Parsons

4.3.1. Prefer that :

4.3.1.1. i) social system + system of person= concrete action

4.3.1.2. ii) culture= an abstraction

4.3.2. Stressed aspect of culture

4.3.2.1. Mutual relationship

4.3.2.1.1. i. Timeless

4.3.2.1.2. ii. Spaceless

4.4. Znaniecki

4.4.1. - Culture depend actual interaction

4.4.1.1. values influences

4.4.1.1.1. interaction of persons

4.4.2. - Social system

4.4.2.1. a part

4.4.2.1.1. cultural system

4.4.3. - Conceived culture that area of reality created by man

4.4.3.1. characterized:

4.4.3.1.1. group of behavior = product of man

4.4.4. Concept of culture and social structure

4.4.4.1. i. Time

4.4.4.2. ii. Space

4.4.5. Idea of a person

4.4.5.1. when they are  interact each other among themselves

4.4.5.1.1. characteristic  of actualization

4.4.6. Idea of a group of people

4.4.6.1. characteristic determine by spatial dimension symbolism

4.4.6.1.1. analysis bring out

4.5. B. Barber

4.5.1. Concerned social structure and culture

4.5.1.1. - Necessary functional components

4.5.1.2. - Simultaneously interdependent

5. Summary :

5.1. Define :

5.1.1. Concepts social structure

5.1.1.1. i. Time dimension

5.1.1.2. ii. Space dimension

5.2. Societal phenomena

5.2.1. - Developed along the dimension of space

5.2.2. - Organized on basis of causality-teleology

5.2.3. - Cultural items originate primarily within the dimension of time

5.3. Integration of culture

5.3.1. Based on :

5.3.1.1. Principle of validity-consistency

5.3.1.1.1. - Imposed upon the former successive compartmentalization of cultural items

5.4. Well-integrated social structure and culture

5.4.1. Both culture and social structure developed along both dimensions

5.4.1.1. i.e. time and space

5.5. Social-cultural system

5.5.1. Defined as :

5.5.1.1. of relations which must be :

5.5.1.1.1. i. Coordinated

5.5.1.1.2. ii. Consistent