Societal and Cultural Systems and Their Integration

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Societal and Cultural Systems and Their Integration por Mind Map: Societal and Cultural Systems and Their Integration

1. Theories

1.1. Linton

1.1.1. Classification of cultural items as i. Universals ii. Alternative

1.1.2. Advanced a hypothesis Proportion of alternative Degree of culture integreation

1.2. Sorokin

1.2.1. Developed 6 categories of integration i. Unity based upon perception - Spatially contagious - Perceptual unities ii. Casual - Functional unity - Spatially contagious - Mechanically cohesive unities iii. Logico - Meaningful unity - Indirect Casual iv. Direct casual - Functional unities v. Pure meaningful, logico - Aesthetic unities vi. Integrate the level of concept Level of phenomena

1.3. Landacker

1.3.1. Distinguished i. Cultural integration - Relations between cultural products in terms of consistency ii. Normative integration - Relations between cultural product & the behavior in terms of community iii. Communicative integration - Volume of communication between members of the group iv. Functional integration - Describe the number of services exchanged between the members

1.4. The Three catogories

1.4.1. i. Spatial category of societal phenomena

1.4.2. ii. Time category of cultural items Actualized by a person

1.4.3. iii. Spaceless-timeless category of the system of culture link to category of space means to category of validity link to means of the category of causality-teleology succesiveness

1.5. Four possible modi

1.5.1. Following fourfold table expressed 1. If cells number 1 and 2 It represents the most integrated group in the both system 2. If cells number 1 and 4 It represents a group which is socially organized but cultural system displays contradiction 3. Connection of cells number 2 and 3 A case which persons have same values but unable to carry out a coordination action. 4. Cells number 3 and 4 Case of maximum social and cultural disorganization.

1.5.2. - A maximal integration in relations between concepts and phenomena

1.5.3. societal and cultural self-awareness - Produced awareness of certain contradictions

1.5.4. Similarity of societal and cultural pattern : - Tend to be integrated in term of both spatial and time dimensions

1.5.5. Difference - Cutural system = abstract system - Societal pattern = concrete action system - Concrete system is characterized by

1.5.6. Culture = conceived on the level of potentialities - Capacity of human to manipulate future - Past activities by means of symbols

1.5.7. Culture = transcendental category Overlaps with society but simultaneously transcends it.

2. Concept

2.1. Society prior to cultural

3. Societal and Cultural integration

3.1. Characterized by :

3.1.1. i. Achieved within the category of meaningful consistency

3.1.2. ii. Situation : - Actor succeeds Compartmentalizing particular values - Actor confronts and eliminates Contradictory persons

3.2. Confrontation of Values

3.2.1. values transferred from the category of time to the category of spaceless-timeless validity (transferred form dimension of successivity to dimension of simultaneity)

3.3. Well-integrated social system characterized by

3.3.1. i. A dynamic equilibrium

3.3.2. ii. Simultaneous coordination of all functions

3.3.3. iii. Capacity to meet unexpected situations

4. Schools of thought

4.1. Emile Durkheim

4.1.1. System culture = Collective representations/ Social facts

4.2. Radcliffe-Brown

4.2.1. Social structure = an abstraction

4.3. Talcott Parsons

4.3.1. Prefer that : i) social system + system of person= concrete action ii) culture= an abstraction

4.3.2. Stressed aspect of culture Mutual relationship i. Timeless ii. Spaceless

4.4. Znaniecki

4.4.1. - Culture depend actual interaction values influences interaction of persons

4.4.2. - Social system a part cultural system

4.4.3. - Conceived culture that area of reality created by man characterized: group of behavior = product of man

4.4.4. Concept of culture and social structure i. Time ii. Space

4.4.5. Idea of a person when they are  interact each other among themselves characteristic  of actualization

4.4.6. Idea of a group of people characteristic determine by spatial dimension symbolism analysis bring out

4.5. B. Barber

4.5.1. Concerned social structure and culture - Necessary functional components - Simultaneously interdependent

5. Summary :

5.1. Define :

5.1.1. Concepts social structure i. Time dimension ii. Space dimension

5.2. Societal phenomena

5.2.1. - Developed along the dimension of space

5.2.2. - Organized on basis of causality-teleology

5.2.3. - Cultural items originate primarily within the dimension of time

5.3. Integration of culture

5.3.1. Based on : Principle of validity-consistency - Imposed upon the former successive compartmentalization of cultural items

5.4. Well-integrated social structure and culture

5.4.1. Both culture and social structure developed along both dimensions i.e. time and space

5.5. Social-cultural system

5.5.1. Defined as : of relations which must be : i. Coordinated ii. Consistent