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Epilepsy by Mind Map: Epilepsy
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Epilepsy is a common chronic neurological disorder characterized by seizures, which are transient signs and/or symptoms of abnormal, excessive or hypersynchronous neuronal activity in the brain.


Philosophical theory of the functions of signs and symbols.


Area of brain whose correct localization is essential in order to characterize with precision the epilepsy patient is suffering from.

Seizure Onset Zone

Epileptogenic Lesion

Irritative Zone

Symptomaatogenic Zone

Functional Deficit Zone

Epileptogennic Zone

Semiologic Seizure Classification

Classification of seizures based on semiology.

Paroxysmal Event, Epileptic Seizures, Auras, Somatosensory auras*, Restricted in distribution, Primary somatosensory areas, Widespread in distribution, Supplementary sennsorimotor area, Secondary sensory area, Visual Auras*, Auditory auras*, Olfactory auras, Gustatory auras, Autonomic Auras*, Abdominal auras, Psychic auras, Autonomic Seizures*, Dialeptic Seizures, Typical dialeptic seizures, Motor Seizures*, Simple motor seizures*, Myoclonic seizures*, Tonic seizures*, Clonic seizures*, Epileptic spasms, Tonic-clonic seizures, Versive seizures, Complex motor seizures, Hypermotor seizures, Automotor seizures, Gelastic seizures, Special Seizures, Atonic seizures, Astatic seizures, Hypomotor seizures, Akinetic seizures, Negative myoclonic seizures*, Aphasic seizures, Nonepileptic Paroxysmal Event

Distribution of ictal semiology

Distribution of ictal symptoms and/or signs, not that of hemisphere.


Somatotopic*, Laterality, Axial, Bilateral Asymmetry, Generalized, Body part

Ictal Symptomatology

The set of symptoms characteristic of the ictal event.

Lateralizing signs, IctalVomiting, IctalDystonia, IctalSpeech, UnilateralIctalBlinking, PostictalTodd'sParalysis, ParadoxicalVersion, PostictalAphasia

Consciousness, Altered level of consciousness, Loss of consciousness (LOC)