Key Film Institutions

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Key Film Institutions by Mind Map: Key Film Institutions

1. United States

1.1. Paramount Pictures

1.1.1. About: Paramount Pictures Corporation is an American film and television production/distribution company, located at 5555 Melrose Avenue in Hollywood. It was founded in 1912 and is currently owned by media conglomerate Viacom, it’s America’s oldest existing film studio; it’s also the last major film studio still headquartered in the Hollywood district of Los Angeles. Paramount is ranked as one of the largest earning movie studios.

1.1.2. History: Paramount Pictures can trace its beginning to the creation in May 1912 of the Famous Players Film Company. Founder Hungarian-born Adolph Zukor, who had been an early investor in nickelodeons, saw that movies appealed mainly to working-class immigrants. With partners Daniel Frohman and Charles Frohman he planned to offer feature-length films that would appeal to the middle class by featuring the leading theatrical players of the time (leading to the slogan “Famous Players in Famous Plays”). By mid-1913, Famous Players had completed five films, and Zukor was on his way to success.

1.2. Warner Bros.

1.2.1. About:Warner Bros. Entertainment, Inc, though the name was occasionally given in full form as Warner Brothers during the company’s early years, is an American producer of film and television entertainment.

1.2.2. History: The corporate name honors the four founding Warner brothers (born Wonskolaser)—Harry (born Hirsch), Albert (born Aaron), Sam (born Szmul), and Jack (born Jacob), whose parents had emigrated to North America from Poland, which was at that time part of the Russian Empire. The three elder brothers began in the movie theatre business, having acquired a movie projector with which they showed films in the mining towns of Pennsylvania and Ohio. They opened their first theater, the Cascade, in New Castle, Pennsylvania in 1903. (The site of the Cascade later became the Cascade Center, a shopping, dining and entertainment complex honoring its Warner Bros.

2. India

2.1. Reliance Entertainment

2.1.1. About: Reliance Entertainment is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Reliance Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group handling its media and entertainment business, across content and distribution platforms.

2.1.2. History: Reliance ADA Group acquired Adlabs Films Limited in 2005, one of the largest entertainment companies in India, which has interests in film processing, production, exhibition & digital cinema. Reliance BIG Entertainment made an entry into the FM Radio business through Adlabs Radio Big 92.7 FM. Having won 45 stations in the bidding, BIG 92.7 FM was India’s largest private FM radio network with 12 radio stations across the country as on 28 February 2007, with more being launched in the following months.

2.2. Films Division

2.2.1. About: It is the main film-medium organization of the Government of India and is well equipped with trained personnel, cameras, recording and editing facilities.

2.2.2. History: The Films Division of India was established in 1948. For the past 63 years, the organization has maintained a record of Indian history on celluloid. Nothing less than a mega-film on the films itself, Films Division of India holds more than 8000 titles on Documentaries, Short Films and Animation Films in its archives.

3. Hong Kong

3.1. Shaw Brothers Studio

3.1.1. About : It was the foremost and the largest movie production company of Hong Kong movies.

3.1.2. History: From their distribution base in Singapore where they founded parent company Shaw Organization in 1924, and as a strategic development of their movie distribution business in Southeast Asia, Sir Run Run Shaw and his third brother Runme Shaw founded South Sea Film in 1930. It was later renamed Shaw Brothers Studio.

3.2. Green Leaf Film Studios

3.2.1. About: Green Leaf has set itself apart from other Chinese outsource or production companies because it maintains a western creative and administration management team.Doing it this way solves the two biggest drawbacks of dealing with other out-sourcing companies in China

3.2.2. History: Based in Chengdu (the home of the panda – hence the logo) the film studio is the first western managed film studio based entirely in China. Utilising the management and direction skills of experienced filmmakers and other creative management with extensive Hollywood and UK experience, combined with the talent and ability of the local Chinese animation staff the studio is able to produce movies, TV series and other animation production for considerably less than western based studios and in far superior time-frames.

4. France

4.1. Pathé

4.1.1. About:Pathé or Pathé Frères is the name of various French businesses founded and originally run by the Pathé Brothers of France

4.1.2. History:Founded as Société Pathé Frères (Pathé Brothers Company) in Paris, France on 28 September 1896 by brothers Charles, Émile, Théophile and Jacques Pathé, during the first part of the 20th century, Pathé became the largest film equipment and production company in the world as well as a major producer of phonograph records.

4.2. Gaumont Film Company

4.2.1. About: Gaumont Film Company is a French film production company founded in 1895 by the engineer-turned-inventor, Léon Gaumont (1864–1946). Gaumont is the oldest continously operating film company in the world

4.2.2. History:Gaumont opened foreign offices and acquired theatre chains Gaumont British, which later notably produced several Hitchcock films such as The 39 Steps (1935) and The Lady Vanishes (1938). Along with its giant competitor Pathé Frères, Gaumont dominated the motion-picture industry in Europe until the outbreak of World War I in 1914. Gaumont also constructed the Lime Grove Studios.