England during 17th-18th century

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England during 17th-18th century by Mind Map: England during 17th-18th century

1. 1st prime minister

2. James II

2.1. second wife catholic

2.1.1. Puritans didn't want a catholic

2.1.1.1. end of the dynasty

3. TUDOR DYNASTY

3.1. Henry VII

3.2. Henry VIII

3.2.1. Catherine

3.2.2. Anne Bolene

3.3. Mary I

3.4. Elizabeth I

3.4.1. childless

3.4.1.1. the dynasty ended

4. STUART DYNASTY

4.1. James I

4.1.1. son of Mary Stuart (Queen Scotland)

4.1.1.1. cousin of...

4.1.2. the first king ENGLAND+SCOTLAND

4.2. ROUNDHEADS (=parliamentarians) VS ROYALISTS = CIVIL WAR 1642

4.2.1. Leader of Roundheads: Oliver Cromwell Leader of Royalists: Charles I

4.2.1.1. End of the war: king arrested + executed

4.2.1.1.1. OLIVER CROMMWELL CONTROL OF LONDON ---> PERIOD WITHOUT A KING/QUEEN.... SORT OF REPUBLIC

4.3. Charles I

4.3.1. he wants a totalitarian power

4.3.1.1. BUT

4.3.1.1.1. governament strong: PURITANS (=they want to purify England)

4.4. Charles II

4.4.1. immoral

4.4.1.1. during his reign

4.4.1.1.1. Bubonic Plague 1665 + The Great Fire 1666

5. HANOVER DYNASTY

5.1. Mary II (daughter of James II) + William of Orange

5.1.1. Glorious Revolution (no blood)

5.1.2. time of economic progress

5.1.2.1. London: financial capital

5.1.2.2. Bill of Rights 1689: agreement of Parliament

5.1.3. Religious pluralism

5.2. Queen Anne

5.2.1. sister of Mary II

5.2.2. Act of Union 1707

5.2.2.1. Scotland united with England

5.2.3. The Wighs & The Tories

5.3. George I

5.4. George II

5.4.1. house for the pime minister

5.4.1.1. in Westminster, 10 Downing Street

6. THE WIGHS & THE TORIES

6.1. Whig Sir Robert Walpole

6.1.1. power for over 20 years

6.1.2. Trade stimulated

6.1.2.1. 1723 coffe + chocolate TAXES

6.1.3. 1726 accused of corruption

6.2. Whig William Pitt

6.2.1. prime minister from 1766

6.2.2. mercantilist policy

7. THE GOLDEN AGE = AUGUSTAN

7.1. Period of stability

7.2. period of traditionalism+elegance

7.3. society: materialistic

7.4. political institutions: hereditary, privileged

7.5. Puritans: rejected

7.6. free and open age

7.6.1. optimism + hope