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Hinduism - Shiva by Mind Map: Hinduism - Shiva
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Hinduism - Shiva

Overview

3rd deity of the Hindu triad

God of destruction

Also destruction of evil

Associated with creation

History of Shaivism

Originated in India

Spread Shaivism to south India by great sage, Agastya

Attributes

Often shown with a white bull

Depicted as many different things

Represented as a phallus

Sometiems appears naked with demons

Often depicted carrying a trident

Seen as half male, half female

Names

Has 1,008 names

Some include:

Mahadeva (the great god)

Mahesh

Rudra

Neelkantha (the blue-throated one)

Ishwar (the supreme god)

Mahayogi (great ascetic)

Mantras

Sadyojāta

Vāmadeva

Aghora

Tatpuruṣa

Īsāna

(5 is a sacred number for Shiva)

Consorts

Parvati

Said to have both mild and terrible aspects, (Like Shiva)

Married women love her for her happy marriage

When shown with Shiva, has 2 hands

Alone, has 4 hands

Kali

Associated with death & destruction, (Also like Shiva)

Now considered goddess of time & change

Darker aspect of Durga

Ganga

Incarnation of the sacred river, the Ganges

Sister of Parvati

Usually represented as a beautiful women with a fish tail, riding on a sea monster

Durga

Considered fiercer form of Parvati

Exists in a state of fierce compassion

Slays demons

In Sanskrit, her name means "invincible"

Shaivism

Revers Shiva as supreme being

Widespread through India, Sri Lanka, and Nepal

Believes that Shiva is All and in all

Kashmir Shaivism

Considered to be the mot pure spiritual path

Striking similarities between Jesus' teachings & teachings of Kashmir Shaivism

Bibliography

Worship

Mananam

Uttering Shiva mantras or prayers

Listening to others about Shiva

Meditating upon significance of Shiva

Sravanam

Also listening about Shaivism

Kirtanam

Singing praises of Shiva

When done in groups, called bhajan