EURO NCAP - DESTRUCTIVE TESTING

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EURO NCAP - DESTRUCTIVE TESTING by Mind Map: EURO NCAP - DESTRUCTIVE TESTING

1. Mobile Progressive Deformable Barrier

1.1. 50km/h to 50km/h

1.2. 50% overlap

1.3. evaluate occupant injuries

1.3.1. driver vehicle

1.3.2. opponent vehicle

2. attention assistant

2.1. in case of impairments

3. crash avoidance

3.1. autonomous emergency braking

3.2. autonomous steering interventions

4. rescue

4.1. equally crucial determant

4.2. emergancy service

4.2.1. quickly locate the accident

4.2.2. extricate occupants

4.2.3. administer medical assistance

5. Hybrid

5.1. I

5.1.1. 1971

5.2. II

5.2.1. 1972

5.3. III

5.3.1. Hybrid III Family

5.3.1.1. widely used

5.3.1.2. 50th percentile male

5.3.1.3. 95th percentile male

5.3.1.4. 50th percentile female

5.3.1.5. ten, six, and three-year-old child dummies

5.4. THOR

5.4.1. most modern

5.4.2. New at EU-NCAP

6. simulated dummies

6.1. history

6.1.1. availability of the first supercomputers

6.1.1.1. suitable software

6.1.2. first use while nuclear bomb testing

6.2. FEM-method

6.2.1. FEM-dummies

6.2.1.1. "Future of dummies"

6.3. Crash test simulation

7. Data analysis

7.1. Crash test simulation

7.1.1. Vrtual recreation of a car crash test

7.2. The beginnings

7.2.1. Military fighter plane into a nuclear power plant (May 30, 1978)

7.2.1.1. First virtuall crash simulation (Volkswagen Polo) 1986

7.3. Sensors

7.3.1. Seat Belt Tension Transducer​

7.3.1.1. Strain Gage

7.3.1.1.1. Load Sensor

7.4. Cameras

7.4.1. High-Speed-Cameras

7.4.1.1. Phantom C320

7.5. Benefits

7.5.1. results without actual destructive testing

7.5.2. permits optimization of the design before a real prototype

7.5.3. less time and money as an actual crash test

7.5.4. solving problems that would have been nearly impossible without the help of a computer

8. dummies

8.1. Construction

8.1.1. Vinyl "skin"

8.1.2. six ribs made of steel and synthetic plastic

8.1.3. outfitted with advanced electronic tools

8.1.4. neck, spine and pelvis made of rubber

8.1.5. constructed of aluminum and steel

8.2. history

8.2.1. cadaver testing

8.2.2. volunteer testing

8.2.3. animal testing

8.3. Evolution

8.3.1. "Sierra Sam"

8.3.1.1. "VIP-50"

8.3.1.2. "Sierra Stan"

9. star rating

9.1. 1 star safety: Marginal crash protection and little in the way of crash avoidance technology

9.2. 2 star safety: Nominal crash protection but lacking crash avoidance technology

9.3. 3 star safety: At least average occupant protection but not always equipped with the latest crash avoidance features

9.4. 4 star safety: Overall good performance in crash protection and all round; additional crash avoidance technology may be present

9.5. 5 star safety: Overall excellent performance in crash protection and well equipped with comprehensive and robust crash avoidance technology

10. certain test

10.1. far side

10.1.1. potential interaction between occupants

10.1.1.1. small cars

10.1.1.1.1. center airbags

11. Data evalution

11.1. Simulation Software measX

11.1.1. Finite element method

11.1.1.1. Macro element method

12. influence

12.1. make life saving technologiy widely available

12.2. inform/advice buyers about safety technology

12.3. encourage manufacterers to povide ever greater levels of safety

13. financial support

13.1. EU member countries

13.2. European Comission

13.3. Federation International de l'automobil (FIA)

13.4. ADAC