History of Visual Communications

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History of Visual Communications by Mind Map: History of Visual Communications

1. Cuneiform and the Sumerians

1.1. The Sumerians

1.1.1. Theocratic

1.1.2. Skilled Artists

1.1.3. Loved Music

1.2. Sumer Region

1.2.1. In Southern Iraq

1.2.2. Fertile ground and streams

1.2.3. Great for farming

1.2.4. cradle of civilzation

1.2.4.1. Cuneiform was created here.

1.2.5. Later invaded by Akkadians because of the desirable land.

1.3. Cuneiform

1.3.1. Made to help track business transactions

1.3.2. Written on clay tablets

1.3.3. Written with a shaped wooden stylus.

1.3.4. Began as a series of photographs

1.3.5. evolved and characters grew more abstract.

2. Cave Paintings

2.1. cave paintings

2.1.1. Beautiful detailed colored representations found on the inside of cave walls and ceilings.

2.1.2. Made to tell stories

2.1.3. Made for instructional visual aid to help with hunting techniques

2.1.4. For Magical or religious reasons.

2.1.5. First form of Graphic Communications.

2.2. Famous caves

2.2.1. The most famous cave painting site is Lascaux in France

2.2.1.1. Had to be closed because carbon dioxide emited by tourists was damaging the paintings

2.2.1.2. The French government created the Lascaux II to Satisfy public interest. It was a copy of the original.

2.2.2. The Altmira cave is in Spain. The paintings in it are made out of red clay.

2.2.3. Chauvet Point d'ARC is the Oldest known cave painting site.

3. Hieroglyphics

3.1. Hieroglyphics

3.1.1. Cummunicated info about religion and government.

3.1.2. Made of logographic and alphabetic elements

3.1.3. influenced by cuneiform

3.2. Logogram

3.2.1. A visual symbol that represents an idea or object

3.3. Ancient Egyptians

3.3.1. Believed it was important to write about religion and government

3.3.2. Told stories with Hieroglyphics

3.3.3. Military leaders were scribes so they could communicate during battle. Priests were scribes so they could read and write instructions on temple walls.

3.3.4. Invented papyrus (a form of paper) by using a substrate made from reeds native to Egypt.

3.4. Rosetta Stone

3.4.1. Found when Napoleon Bonaparte. the Emperor of France, invaded Egypt in 1798.

3.4.2. The stone was engraved with three languages: Egyptian hieroglyphics, Demotic, and Greek.

3.4.3. Jean Francois Champollion Finally deciphered the stone when he was able to match up the Hieroglyphic symbols with the Greek nae of the Egyptian Pharaoh Ramses