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Causes of the French Revolution by Mind Map: Causes of the French
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Causes of the French Revolution

Estates General

Louis XVI ordered meeting

1st and 2nd Estate refused to meet

3rd Estate formed National Assembly, 1st and 2nd Estates agreed to meet, Had more power than 3rd Estate, Voted down changes, 1st meeting of Estates General since 1614, People wanted change

French Philosphers

Wrote about Democratic Ideas

Voltaire, believed in Free Speech, Press, Religion, and Equal Rights, "I do not agree with a word you say, but will defend to the death your right to say it"

Montesquies, Believed in Liberty, Freed to much Government Power, Said government should have 3 branches to keep power checked

Rousseau, Opposed Monarchs and Nobility, Believed all people are Equal, Said it was governments jobto defend individual and protect the good of Society

Money Problems

Huge National Debt

American Revolution, Sent money and supplies to aid United States, America could not repay loan immediately

Previous Monarchs, borrowed and spent money to fight Seven Years War, Built an Palace at Versailles

Poor Harvest

Bad weather

not enough wheat

population grew

Monarch' Spending

Misconception, Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI cut royal spending, Marie Antoinette was despised by the French, Blamed her for problems, Created Necklace Affair

Supported American Revolution

Extravagant parties

Seven Years War

Built Palaces

Jacques Necker

Louis XVI's Director of Finance, Blamed for debt incurred in American REvolution, Advocated for loans, People loved him, Created high interest Rates, Meant not raising taxes, Divided poll tax more equally

Had Enemies, Marie Antoinette, Kings Advisors, Convinces Louis XVI to fire Necker

Published Royal Finances, Showed expenditures, Made people aware of Monarch's spending, Showed Revenue, False Statistics, France looked stronger, Created a $10 million revenue


Troops in Paris

People gathered in Paris for Esates General Meeting

believed help was coming

Grew Impatient

King called Troops to Paris

Angered People

Stromed Bastille