students are compared to the performance of the other students
examples: can be summative if they are given at the end of a period.
student performance is compared to specific criteria
an evaluation comparing to a standard
can be norm-referenced or criterion referenced
all students take the test under the same conditions
tests given at the end of a semester, quarter, or unit whose results show how much has been accomplished throughout that period of time.
examples: achievement tests, norm-referenced tests
teachers use to evaluate student progress during a lesson, unit, etc so that changes can be made to accommodate the student..
examples: weekly tests
any procedure that evaluates student performance in relation to the school curriculum
examples: spelling tests
frequent, direct measurements of critical school behaviors. allows teachers to modify the instruction.
examples: timed reading tests, math tests, and writing tests, formative tests
curriculum based, students construct responses to real-world tasks allowing the teacher to evaluate their understanding.
curriculum-based consisting of student-made products showing their skills
determines that the test is consistent in what it measures
extent to which a particular test measures what it is intended to measure. evaluated by comparing different tests of the same skills or abilities