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Present Perfect Simple/Continuous by Mind Map: Present Perfect
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Present Perfect Simple/Continuous

Recent events

Present perfect simple

Describe recent events, I've left my shopping behind.

a past event, but the result is in the present, I've broken my arm, as you can see.

no definite time is given for the event, but to emphasize the idea of recentness we can use just., I've just broken my watch.

Describe events that have not happened, I haven't found her phone number yet

Indefinite events

Present perfect simple

A series of actions, I've been to France three times

Compared with past simple

Definite times, I went to France last year

Think of a definite place for an event, I left my shopping bag on train

Extended or repeated events

Present perfect simple

describes a state which lasts up to the present, I've lived in this house for five years.

describe a habitual action in a period of time up to the present, I've always left my bike here, and nobody has complained before!

Present perfect contiuous

describe a state which lasts up to the present moment, I've been living in this house for five years.

The meaning is little difference between simple and continuous in this case or in How long questions., How long have you lived / been living in this house?

The verbs wait, sit, lie, stay prefer the continuouse, I've been waiting for ages.

Present perfect simple or continuous

Completed action

An action is completed, I've finished my homework!

After how many or how much

An amounts has been completed, I've written ten page of my homework!

Not completed

Present perfect continious, An action is not completed or has finished recently, We've been walking for hours! Let's have a rest., I've been fixing my scooter. That's why I'm so dirty!

Present result or action in progress

Present perfect simple, The attention is on the present result, I've done my homework. Now I can watch the TV.

Present perfect continuous, The attention is on the action in progress