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Land Development Workflow by Mind Map: Land Development Workflow
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Land Development Workflow

Sanitary Sewer

A sanitary sewer is an underground carriage system specifically for transporting sewage from houses and commercial buildings through pipes to treatment or disposal. Sanitary sewers serving industrial areas also carry industrial wastewater. The system of sewers is called sewerage.Sanitary sewers are distinguished from open sewers in that the sanitary system is closed off from its surroundings to limit interaction between the waste and the landscape that it travels through. They are also usually distinguished from combined sewers, which handle not only sewage but also surface runoff. Open sewers, consisting of gutters and urban streambeds, were common worldwide before the 20th century. In now-developed countries, large efforts were made during the late 19th and early 20th centuries to cover the formerly open sewers, converting them to closed systems with cast iron, steel, or concrete pipes, masonry, and concrete arches. Open sewers are not used in developed countries today, but they remain in use in some developing countries.

On Site Waste Disposal

A civic amenity site or household waste recycling centre is a facility where the public can dispose of household waste and also often containing recycling points. Civic amenity sites are run by the local authority in a given area. Collection points for recyclable waste such as green waste, metals, glass and other waste types are available. Items that cannot be collected by local waste collection schemes such as bulky waste are also provided. In the United Kingdom, civic amenity sites are informally called "tips" or "dumps."

Types, Septic System, Community System, Community Treatment

Calculations

Plans

Sanitary Sewer Network

The Washington Suburban Sanitary Commission is a government agency that provides safe drinking water and wastewater treatment for Montgomery and Prince George's Counties in Maryland except for a few cities in Montgomery County that continue to operate their own water facilities. It was established on May 1, 1918. It is the eighth largest water and wastewater utility in the United States. The WSSC serves about 1.8 million people in an approximately 1,000-square-mile area. It owns and manages about 10,000 miles of water and sewer mains.

Hydraulic Analysis and Report

Plans

Profiles

Cross Sections

Details

Utility

Water Service Plans

Water Network Analysis and Report

Fire Marshal / Fire Safety Plans

Fire Flow Analysis and Report

Pre and Post Development Hydrology Analysis and Report

Traffic Impact Studies

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders

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State/Regional Planning

DOT

Municipality

Land Acquisition

Legal Professionals

Online Datasources, Liens, Zoning

Owner

Private

Government

Developer

Online Map Viewers, Google Earth, Google Maps, County Parcel + Tax Info, Zoning, Development Areas

Real Estate Sales Databases

Site Visits, Photography

Initiation

Investigation and Due Diligence

Phase I+II Environmental Assessments

Environmental Scientist or Engineer

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders

Soils Investigation

Septic/Waste Disposal

Stormwater Management Feasibility

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders, Soil Scientist, Surveyors, State/Local Environmental Agency

Wetlands Delineation

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders, Wetlands Specialist, Army Corps of Engineers, State/Local Environmental Agency, Surveyors

Geotechnical Investigations

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders, Geotechnical Engineer + Staff, Structural Engineers + Staff, Surveyors

Endangered Species/Ecological Investigation

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders, Environmental Scientist, Engineer or Specialist, Federal Agencies, State Wildlife and Environmental Agencies

Archeological Investigations

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders, Archeologist, Surveyors, Federal Agencies, State Historical and Environmental Agencies

Determining Jurisdictions

Determining Process for Approval

Determining Additional Required Due Diligence

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders, Surveyor, Government Agency, Legal Professionals, Urban/Land Planners

Flooding

HEC RAS

Flood Mapping

Possible Utility Connections

Water

Sewer

Natural Gas

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders, Government Agency, Municipality, Private Utility Provider, Surveyor

Electricity

Land Use

Involved Professionals + Stakeholders, Surveyor, Urban Planner / Land Planner, State Planning Board, Municipality, Government Agency

Special Processes?, Planning Regions, Fit in with Master Plan, Overlay Zones, Conditional Use?, Zoning Change?

Planning/Feasibility

Conceptual Site Layout

Existing conditions, Utility Connections, All elements identified in due diligence, Areas of Concern

Conceptual Design, Parceling, Parking, Many iterations, Ammenities, Stormwater Management, Buffers

Professionals, Civil Engineer, Surveyor, Urban Planner/Land Planner, Architect, Landscape Architect

Stakeholders/Approvals Required, Zoning Board, Town/County Council, Government Agencies, Environmental, Historical, Wildlife, Transportation, More, more, more, Adjacent Property Owners, Utility Boards, Servicing Agreements, Planning Board

Detailed Design

Existing Conditions

Road-Transportation

Road Plans, Plans, Profiles, Cross Sections

Entrance, Plans

Stormwater Management Plans

Drainage, Plans, Profiles, Pipe Design, Hydraulic Analysis

Grading, Plans

BMPs, Types, Green BMPs, Ponds, Wetlands, Bioretention, Infiltration, Plans, Swales, Structural BMPs, Stormceptor, Underground Chambers, Hard Armor Channels, Notes and Details, Cross Sections, Analysis and Report

Erosion and Sediment Control, Plans, Calculations/Analysis typically shown on plans

Landscape and Lighting Plans

Site Plans/ Record Plat

Professionals Involved

Land/Urban Planners

Landscape Architects

Architect

Civil Engineer + Staff

Construction

Stakeout

Professionals Involved

Construction Management

Trades

Architect

Landscape

Surveyor

Home Builder

Geotechnical Engineer

Structural Engineer

Environmental Concerns

Erosion and Sediment Control

SWPPP

Approvals/Stakeholders

Gov't Agencies

EPA, Environmental Engineer

Building Inspectors

Private/Public Utility Companies

Future Ownership Inspectors (i.e. DOT for roads)

Construction Administration

Utility Construction

Road Construction

Building Construction, Exterior, Interior

Progress Payment

Bidding

Estimates

Construction Inspection

Sequence of Construction

Maintenance

HOA

Municipality

Utilities

Roads, Sidewalks , Etc.

Stormwater Facilities

Park/Open Space

Environmental Agency

DOT

Parks and Rec

Surveyor