# Ch. 7 Momentum

# Ch. 7 Momentum

by emily esser
# 1. Linear Momentum

## 1.1. vector Quanity having same direction as the velocity

## 1.2. The vector of p = mass times the vector of velocity

## 1.3. The momentum and changes of two objects are always equal and opposite

# 2. Momentum

## 2.1. Vector quanity

## 2.2. For momentum to be Conserved these things must be constant

### 2.2.1. Magnitude

### 2.2.2. Direction

## 2.3. Mass and velocity involved

## 2.4. Conservation

### 2.4.1. If no external force acts on system, the initial momentum of the system is equal to the final momentum of the system.

# 3. Collisions

## 3.1. Completely Inelastic

### 3.1.1. “Perfect Sticking”

### 3.1.2. Conservation of only momentum

### 3.1.3. m1v1i +m2v2i = (m1 +m2 )vf

## 3.2. Inelastic

### 3.2.1. “Sticky” but the bodies do not stick together

### 3.2.2. Conservation of momentum only

## 3.3. Elastic

### 3.3.1. “Perfect bouncing”

### 3.3.2. Conservation of kinetic energy and momentum

### 3.3.3. m1v1i +m2v2i = m1v1f +m2v2f

# 4. System of Particles

## 4.1. Center of Mass

### 4.1.1. Average location of the mass in a system of particles

### 4.1.2. 3D in general

### 4.1.3. Motion of the Center of Mass

### 4.1.4. Isolated system moves at a constant velocity

# 5. Problem solving: Collisions

## 5.1. Draw before and after diagrams

## 5.2. Collect and organize data on masses and velocities

## 5.3. Set the sum of momenta of the two before the collision = to the sum of the momenta after the collision

## 5.4. Write one equation for each direction

## 5.5. If perfectly inelastic set final velocities equal

## 5.6. If perfectly elastic set final kinetic energy equal to initial kinetic energy

## 5.7. Solve for unknown quantities

# 6. Words of the Day

## 6.1. Transpicuous

## 6.2. Trust

## 6.3. Woolgathering

## 6.4. Applicability