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European Nations Settle North America by Mind Map: European Nations Settle North America
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European Nations Settle North America

Competing Claims in North America

Not finding a new route, the French, English and Dutch established new colonies in North America.

Native Americans Respond

The Dutch and French got along well with the native counterparts. The same could not be same of the English, who contstantly took more land in religion disputes and in need for there growing population and tobacco fields.

As early as 1622 there is recorded war between the two. The Powhatan tribe attacked colonial villages around Jamestwon and killed about 350 settlers.

One of the bloodiest conflicts was known as King Phillps war. It began in 1675 when Chief Metacom. After a year of harsh fighting and hundreds of deaths the natives were defeated.

Worse then the Englishes weapons was the disease they brought with them. In 1616 smallpox ravaged New England tribes.

In a matter of years all along the U.S. whole tribes would fall to measles, smallpox and other diseases.

The English Arrive in North America

In 1607 they reached the coast of Virginia, they named the settlement Jamestown in honor of their king.

In 1620 the Pilgrims founded a second English colony, Plymouth in Massachusetts.

Following the English and French to North America were the Dutch.

During the 1600's the nations of Europe also colonized the Caribbean.

The Stuggle for North America

The English felt that the Dutch lands were a strategic problem since they cut off north and south colonies.

In 1664 Charles ll gave the duke of york, his brother to take the land from the Dutch. The Dutch surendered without firing a shot and the new colony was named New York.

When the English became for more hungry after uprooting the Dutch they started pushing west in America.

By doing so they collided with the French. In 1754 a dispute over the Ohio Valley led to the French and Indian War.

In 1763 the French lost to the combined might of the British army and colonists. As a result the British controlled the whole eastern half of North America.