Sri Lanka & Tamil Tigers

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Sri Lanka & Tamil Tigers by Mind Map: Sri Lanka & Tamil Tigers

1. Society

2. Tamil Tigers

3. Politics

4. Sri Lanka is a democracy since 1931. Politics in Sri Lanka are controlled by rival coalitions led by the Sri Lanka Freedom Party, by President Rajapaksa, National Party led by former prime minister Ranil Wickremesinghe and JVP. There are also many smaller Buddhist, socialist and Tamil nationalist political parties that oppose the separatism of the LTTE but demand regional autonomy and increased civil rights. Since 1948, Sri Lanka is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations.

4.1. Sri Lanka's population practices a variety of religions. 70% of Sri Lankans are Theravada Buddhists, 15% are Hindus, 7.5% are Muslims and 7.5% Christians.Sri Lanka was ranked the 3rd most religious country in the world, with 99% of Sri Lankans saying that religion is the #1 thing in their lives.

4.1.1. Politics of Sri Lanka takes place in a framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President of Sri Lanka is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. Since decennia the party system is dominated by the socialist Sri Lanka Freedom Party and the conservative United National Party. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. The Politics of Sri Lanka reflect the historical and political differences between the two main ethnic groups, the majority Sinhala and the minority Tamils, who are concentrated in the north and east of the island.

5. Tamil Tigers are a separatist organization based in Sri Lanka. In May 1976, it waged a violent secessionist campaign that sought to create an independent Tamil state in the north and east of Sri Lanka. This campaign evolved into the Sri Lanka Civil War, one of the longest running conflicts in Asia until the LTTE was defeated by the Sri Lanka Military in May 2009. The Tigers, who during the height of their power possessed a well-developed militia, recruited child soldiers for carrying out civilian massacres, suicide bombings and various other high profile attacks, including the assassinations of several high-ranking Sri Lankan and Indian politicians like Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa, and former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.They pioneered the use of suicide bombing as a tactic.They also pioneered the use of women in suicide attacks,and used light aircraft in some of their attacks.They are currently proscribed as a terrorist organization by 32 countries but have extensive support amongst the Tamil diaspora in Europe and North America, and amongst some Tamils in India.Since its inception, and until his death, the LTTE was headed by its founder, Velupillai Prabhakaran.

5.1. defeated in may 2009

6. Religion