SUMMARY FROM TOPICS BASIC FROM ENGLISH.

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SUMMARY FROM TOPICS BASIC FROM ENGLISH. by Mind Map: SUMMARY  FROM TOPICS BASIC FROM ENGLISH.

1. COMPUTO 1

1.1. Verbs

1.1.1. The verb is a word that indicates the action in the sentence. In every statement will always be a word that expresses what the subject is doing, what you are feeling, thinking, etc. Some verbs: make, drink, take ,write ,buy ,have, eat, sleep, swim, talk, walk, like, drive, need, hate , kiss ,hit ,run, be (ser o estar).

1.2. Importance of numbers

1.2.1. It is the second most spoken language in the world and it is very important to know the numbers in English because today is useful to know them in order to provide information of any kind as phone numbers, dates etc. Speaking English is essential when traveling, either for tourism or business to interact with others and in this way to correct directions.

1.3. Greetings/Goodbye

1.3.1. GREETING

1.3.1.1. Hello o Hi, Good morning, Good afternoon-Good evening, How are you?, how have you been?, How is going up?, How´s everything, How´s it going.

1.3.2. GOODBYE

1.3.2.1. Good bye/bye, See you later, See you son, Have a nice day, Have a great time, Good nigth, Take care, So long. See you then.

1.4. Form of the verb be

1.4.1. Affirmative

1.4.1.1. I am, you are, he is, she is, it is, you are, we are, they are.

1.4.1.2. Example; They are in the garden.

1.4.2. Interrogative

1.4.2.1. Am I?, Are you?, Is he?, Is she?, Is it?, Are you?, Are we? , Are they?.

1.4.2.2. Example; Are they in the garden?

1.4.3. Negative

1.4.3.1. I am not, you are not, he is not, she is not, it is not, you are not, we are not, they are not.

1.4.3.2. Example; They are not in the garden.

1.5. Subject pronouns

1.5.1. The subject of a sentence is a person or thing that performs the action of the verb. Subject pronouns are used to replace the subject (person or thing) of a verb.

1.5.1.1. Singular

1.5.1.1.1. I, you, he she, it.

1.5.1.2. Plural

1.5.1.2.1. you, we, they.

1.6. Prepositions

1.6.1. Las preposiciones “at, in, on” son las más básicas; estas nos ayudan a poder relacionar palabras para formar una oración.

1.6.1.1. Example:

1.6.1.1.1. My parents arrive in France on Monday.

1.6.1.1.2. When did you arrive at the airport?

1.6.1.1.3. The pen is on the table.

1.7. Demonstrative pronouns

1.7.1. Demonstrative pronouns are pronouns denoting degrees of proximity in relation to the speaker and the listener. The demonstrative pronouns are:

1.7.1.1. This,that

1.7.1.1.1. This car is red, That car is Green.

1.7.1.2. These, those

1.7.1.2.1. These cars are red, Those cars are Green.

1.8. Words that help us ask questions

1.8.1. How, When, What, Why, Who, Where,

2. COMPUTO 2

2.1. Describe your city

2.1.1. Example: I live in a big city. The city is hot. In the city of Usulután some people are Smart.

2.2. Countries, nationalities and languages

2.2.1. COUNTRY

2.2.1.1. Mexico, France, Canada.

2.2.2. NATIONALITY

2.2.2.1. Mexican,French ,Canadian.

2.2.3. LANGUAJE

2.2.3.1. Spanish, French, English or French.

2.3. Be or not be

2.3.1. Example:

2.3.1.1. I am a teacher. Yes I am/ No I am not.

2.4. Possesive Adjetives

2.4.1. Possessive adjectives are just a way of expressing possession.

2.4.1.1. My Your His Her Its Our Their.

2.5. Clothing

2.5.1. Remember that when describing the clothes the color mentioned first and then the article of clothing; tirnrn no plural colors, if the article of clothing is unique add "a / an" before color (White dress / an orange hat).

2.5.1.1. Example: I´m wearing a purple blouse, black jeans, and Brown sandals.

2.6. Present progressive

2.6.1. The progressive or continuous present is a present tense which is used in two cases: 1. To describe facts or actions that the subject is performing when talking. 2. To talk about an action or plans which we will do in the near future. To form sentences in Present Progressive, use the verb "to be" of each of the personal pronoun followed by the verb or action gerund. Recall that in the English language, that a verb is in Gerundia form should be added at the end of each verb ending in "-ing".

2.6.1.1. Example: I am studying English. Tom y Sue están esperando en el café .

2.7. Time

2.7.1. The unit of time helps us know when we are using the estrucutura "what time is it?" and to respond "It is ..."

2.7.2. What time is it?

2.7.2.1. It is three o´clock

3. COMPUTO 3

3.1. Family Members

3.1.1. Some types of family:

3.1.1.1. Nuclear family: mother, father, son, sons, dauther, dauthers.

3.1.1.2. Members of the extended family: father-in-law, sister-in-law, brother-in-law, daughter-in-law, son-in-law, stepmother, stepfather, stepdaughter, stepson, godmother, godfather, goddaughter, godson.

3.1.1.3. Singles parent family: Mother with children Father with children

3.2. Furniture & Appliance

3.2.1. We see some articles that make our home is our most modern comfort. They are very important to each appliance brands that each of us prefer; in the market there are a range of brands few: Panasonic, Sony, LG, Samsung, and so on. Some furniture for our home: Bed,stove, refrigerator, sofá, table, chair, iron, computer, desk,tv,lamp,etc..

3.3. Jobs

3.3.1. Speaking of work we include "occupation" and "profession". But what is an occupation and what is a profession? What is the difference? An occupation is an activity you do for a living, you can do many things without any other requirement, and can only do so. But a job is a vocation that requires knowledge of some department of education or science, academic study is required. some occupations and professions with their own meaning of what each one does.

3.3.1.1. Example: ARCHITEC/ a person that designs building and houses.

3.3.1.2. BAKER/ They make bread and cakes and normally work in a bakery.

3.4. Placement of adjectives

3.4.1. The today´s topic is placement of adjectives, in other words, “is the place where an adjective is located in a sentence”. Adjetives describe nouns. Often, writers use only one adjective to describe a noun either by placing the adjective in front of the noun or by using a stative verb and placing the adjective at the end of the sentence. Such as: He's an interesting person. Or Jane is very tired. In other cases, more than one adjective might be used. Sometimes, three or even more adjectives are used! In this case, the adjectives need to follow a pattern based on the category type of the adjective. Read the following rules. When using more than one adjective to describe a noun place the adjectives in the following order before the noun.

3.4.1.1. NOTE: We usually use no more than three adjectives preceding a noun. 1. Opinion and general description Example: nice, funny, lovely 2. Dimension / Size / Weight Example: big, small, heavy 3. Age Example: old, new, young, ancient 4. Shape Example: round, square, oval 5. Color Example: green, red, blue, black 6. Country of origin Example: Italian, Polish, English 7. Material Example: wooden, cotton, plastic Here are some examples of nouns modified with three adjectives in the correct order based on the list above. Notice that adjectives are not separated by commas. A wonderful old French clock. (opinion - age - origin) A big square blue box. (dimension - shape - color) A disgusting pink plastic ornament. (opinion - color - material)