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Aristotle by Mind Map: Aristotle

1. Aristotle Biology

1.1. "All men by nature desires to know. An example is the delight we take in out senses."

1.2. Nature does nothing by chance

1.2.1. We have been given senses to use them to understand the world

1.3. To engage the problem of knowledge, we must be with out senses

2. How do our senses differ from other animals?

2.1. All forms of life have Nutritive, reproductive, and Locomotive power

2.2. Animals have the power of sensation and perception

2.2.1. Complex animals have intellectual powers (Problem solving ability)

2.3. Argues that human have a special intellectual powers called reason, which is the ability to comprehend universals.

3. How does Aristotle differ from Plato and Socrates?

3.1. Aristotle is a scientific and practical thinker

3.2. He doesnt believe in the world of the forms

3.2.1. He thinks that everything we can understand are the things we can touch

3.3. He creates and applies a scientific model to philosophical investigation

4. Whats is a teleological system?

4.1. He believed that everything in this world has causes (things that drive them to be created.) He provided 4 causes:

4.2. Material Cause- The material from which the thing is made

4.3. Formal Cause- The shape or form, a thing must take in order to be reconized

4.4. Efficient Cause- The actual force used to make things

4.5. Final Cause- What is the Ultimate purpose of the thing

5. Where do the Forms Reside?

5.1. Aristotle believes that the forms lie inside the things themselves

5.2. Example: The form of an oak tree is inside of an acorn