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Aristotle by Mind Map: Aristotle
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Aristotle

Aristotle Biology

"All men by nature desires to know. An example is the delight we take in out senses."

Nature does nothing by chance

We have been given senses to use them to understand the world

To engage the problem of knowledge, we must be with out senses

How do our senses differ from other animals?

All forms of life have Nutritive, reproductive, and Locomotive power

Animals have the power of sensation and perception

Complex animals have intellectual powers (Problem solving ability)

Argues that human have a special intellectual powers called reason, which is the ability to comprehend universals.

How does Aristotle differ from Plato and Socrates?

Aristotle is a scientific and practical thinker

He doesnt believe in the world of the forms

He thinks that everything we can understand are the things we can touch

He creates and applies a scientific model to philosophical investigation

Whats is a teleological system?

He believed that everything in this world has causes (things that drive them to be created.) He provided 4 causes:

Material Cause- The material from which the thing is made

Formal Cause- The shape or form, a thing must take in order to be reconized

Efficient Cause- The actual force used to make things

Final Cause- What is the Ultimate purpose of the thing

Where do the Forms Reside?

Aristotle believes that the forms lie inside the things themselves

Example: The form of an oak tree is inside of an acorn