IMPACTS OF TOURISM (CHAPTER 1)

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IMPACTS OF TOURISM (CHAPTER 1) by Mind Map: IMPACTS OF TOURISM (CHAPTER 1)

1. (Community Problems) *prostitution "oldest profession" *advertisement lead some tourist anticipate sun, *Sea *sand & *sex as part of their vacation

2. NEGATIVE SOCIAL EFFECTS OF TOURISM

2.1. (Social Saturation) *saturation or congestion of facilities & *services & *competition for limited resources *social cost

2.1.1. (Criminal activity) *tourist present tempting targets *population density during the tourist season *availability of large number of targets & *congestion

2.2. (Changes in the Social Structure,Behavior,& Roles) *lowering of the status of agricultural workers *migration of the population & *breaking up of families

2.2.1. (Negative Demonstrative Effects) *polarization of the hosts from the tourists

2.2.1.1. IMPACT CONTROL MEASURES *on tourism development *policy & *regulatory issues & *expanding human resources development

3. HOST-VISITOR INTERACTIONS

3.1. (Off-Beat) *adapts well to simple accommodations & *services provided

3.1.1. (Explorer) *active participant-observer *easily adapts to local lifestyle & *does not need special tourist accommodations

3.2. (Unusual Tourist) *loves sub-exotic cultural sites *as he can quickly & *safely return to more familiar surroundings & *group

3.2.1. (Mass Tourist) *middle class *you get what you pay for

3.2.1.1. (Elite) *can afford to pay well for unusual vacations *known as "jet-set" *arrangements by travel agent or pre-planned *some degree of comfort

3.2.1.1.1. (Incipient Mass Tourist) *looks for amenities of Western societiesin hotels & *travel-related facilities. *pleasure seeker & *business traveler

3.3. (Charter Tourist) *en masse *high amount of business & *receiving a high degree

4. HISTORIC PRESERVATION *intramuros/walled city in the philippines *jamestown & *colonial williamsburg in virginia, USA *month st. michel in france & *the plymouth plantation in massachusetts USA

5. DEVELOPMENT OF ATTRACTIONS

6. IMPACT CONTROL MEASURES *easy access to tourist attractions, *facilities & *service including reduced fee *develop strong linkages agriculture, *fisheries, *handicrafts & *manufactoring to help develop *plan *develop & *organize tourism *train local people to work *including managerial & *technical positions

7. ENVIRONMENTAL CONFICTS *distruction of the vegetation *pollution(air,water & *noise)& *the destruction of wildlife *emitted by automobiles, *taxis *buses *aircrafts & *factories *untreated waste from resorts/boats into seas, *rivers *lakes & *springs

8. NEGATIVE ENVIRONMETAL IMPACT OF TOURISM *carrying capacity *saturation levels are wilderness *rural *coastal *mountain *urban & *the developed versus the developing areas

9. NEGATIVE ECONOMIC ASPECTS OF TOURISM

9.1. INFLATION AND LAND VALUES

9.2. HIGH LEAKAGES *variety of sources

9.3. SEASONALITY

9.3.1. IMPACT CONTROL MEASURES *easy access to tourist attractions, *facilities & *service including reduced fee *develop strong linkages agriculture, *fisheries, *handicrafts & *manufactoring to help develop *plan *develop & *organize tourism *train local people to work *including managerial & *technical positions

9.4. OVERDEPENCE ON TOURISM *changes from within prices & *fashions *economic trends *political situations & *energy availability *in under utilization of services *unemployment & *loss of income

10. POSITIVE EFFECTS ON TOURISM ON CULTURE

10.1. (Intercultural Communication) *mobility *different social groups, *nationalities & *cultures to meet & *interact

10.1.1. (Renaissance of Native Culture) *provide a location where visitors may observe & *participate in a particular culture without disrupting the everyday life of the people who live in the area. *portray the past history of the area

11. IMPACT OF TOURISM ON CULTURE *cultural convergence of peoples

12. RESIDENT BENEFITS *results of conservation & *preservation can be enjoyed by the local community as well as by tourists *allows free access to tourists & *local residents

13. CONSERVATION *local residents benefit from preservation *tourism for as long as it draws tourists *seek a change from their sun, *sea & *sand experiences *stimulating the rehabilitation of existing historic sites *buildings & *monuments *many monuments *historic houses *villages & *old churches cannot be maintained

14. SOCIAL IMPACTS OF TOURISM *changes in quality of life of tourist destination

15. GEOLOGICAL CONFLICTS *tourism affects geological formations *collects minerals *rocks & *fossils & *corals from tourists attractions

16. RESIDENT CONFLICTS *in rural areas *the damage to crops *farm buildings & *livestock *with the increasing value of lands, *competition for labor & *land erosion

17. THE ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF TOURISM

17.1. -INCOME (income generator/income redistributor) *buying and selling goods *service to the tourists. *local food *drinks *flowers for the resort areas *local crafts tourists to buy *local cafes and resto *tour guides and interpreters *local travel services *local cultural events/shops for tourists needs and *specialized local housing as pensions and small inns.

17.1.1. -EMPLOYMENT *local to national

17.1.1.1. BALANCE OF PAYMENTS * goods *service & *funds in and out in the country

17.2. INVESTMENT AND DEVELOPMET *area become economically successful *accelerator concept

18. POSITIVE SOCIAL EFFECTS OF TOURISM

18.1. (Social Change and Multicultural Understanding) *bringing together of diverse people help them to understand one another

18.1.1. (Adaptation to the Realities of Modern life and Improvement of the Host Countrys Lifestyle) *bringing both the urban infrastracture (water, *housing, *sewerage) & *population benefits (medical care, *social assistance, *schools *middle class with its different attitudes, *values & *social concerns *progress & *modernization through exposure to other attitudes & *values.

18.2. (Foreign Language) *contact with those other language groups.

18.2.1. (Improve Health Conditions and Disease Control) *maintenance & *improvement of those facilities in destination areas & *provide additional sources of revenue which, *in turn *can be upgrading water & *sewage disposal facilities

19. NEGATIVE CULTURAL IMPACT OF TOURISM *results to losing the careful & *precise product workmanship *tastes pf tourists which in africa, *means in carving animals, *grotesqueness & *gigantism

20. IMPACT CONTROL MEASURES *promoting goodwill "ambassador" tourist education *decorating hotels painting *maids & *waiters ro dress in native costumes

21. ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF TOURISM *human environment *physical environment *characteristics of area is pre-existing forms *while reducing its social *cultural & *physical impact

22. DEVELOPMENT OF ATTRACTIONS

23. HISTORIC PRESERVATION *intramuros/walled city in the philippines *jamestown & *colonial williamsburg in virginia, USA *month st. michel in france & *the plymouth plantation in massachusetts USA Chat Conversation End

24. POSITIVE ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT OF TOURISM *environmental awareness has been heightened by mass tourism which cause direct & *indirect destruction *created to preserve the natural, *cultural & *recreational resources of the land *appreciation & *education of present & *future generations *lighthouses *harbors & *fishing piers are ideal attractions