Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea
at age 30, Jesus began his public ministry
he taught ideas based on Jewish tradition, monotheism, and the 10 commandments
12 men were called apostles
his teachings were simple and direct
he traveled town to town teaching everyone about God.
Jesus visited Jerusalem in AD 29, and was called the Messiah
Pontius Pilate ordered Jesus to be crucified.
Christos: messiah/savior. Christianity: comes from the word Christ.
Constantine prayed for divine help during battle in AD 312. he received the help, won the battle, and from then on thanked the gods.
AD 313 Constantine acconced and end to Christian persecution.
in 380, Theodosius made this the official religion.
When Crhistians had structure to their religion, the Roman Empire had a heirarchy.
Every major city has its own bishop
Rome was the capital of the Empire, and the center of the Church.
as the religion grew, dissagreements rose about the formal beliefs
New Testament was established
Nincene Creed was written
early writers and scholars have been called the Fathers of the Church
Augustine was the most important
most famous book: The City of God
Chrisianity rose, Roman Empire weakened.
Paul had a big influence on Christianity development.
spoken in Greek and Latin; easy to understand
Pax Romana made travel to spread to word easy
Paul stressed that Christians should accept everyone; Jews and Gentiles.
AD 66 a group of Jews rebelled against Rome
AD 70, Romans stormed Jerusalem and destroyed the temple complex
AD 132, Jews attempted to break free. 1/2 a million died in 3 years
Diaspora: disperal of Jews
Christians posed a problem for Roman leaders. they refused to worship Roman Gods.
some leaders used the Christians as scapegoats for political/economic troubles
2nd century, Pax Romana started to crumble, and Romans began to exile/imprison/execute Christians,
Christians were then known as martyrs.