Internet Technology: The Internet

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Internet Technology: The Internet by Mind Map: Internet Technology: The Internet

1. Internet

1.1. Definition

1.1.1. Worldwide collection of networjs that links millions of businesses, government agencies and individuals.

2. Advantages

2.1. Accessibility

2.2. Storage

2.3. Online activity

3. Disadvantages

3.1. Violatiion of privacy

3.2. Public safety

3.3. Health risks

4. Networks

4.1. Intranet

4.1.1. Internal network that uses Internet technologies

4.2. Extranet

4.2.1. Portion of company's network that allows customers or suppliers to access part of its intranet

5. Types of Internet Connection

5.1. Dial-Up

5.1.1. Advantages

5.1.1.1. Security

5.1.1.2. Included inexpensive hardware

5.1.1.3. Ease of setup and use

5.1.1.4. Widespread availability

5.1.2. Disadvantages

5.1.2.1. Slow connection speed

5.1.2.2. Inconvenience

5.1.2.3. Telephone line tied up while accessing the Internet

5.2. Broadband

5.2.1. Types

5.2.1.1. DSL (Digital Subscriber Line)

5.2.1.2. FTTP (Fibre to the Premises)

5.2.1.3. Fixed wireless

5.2.1.4. Cellular radio network

5.2.1.5. Cable Internet service

5.2.1.6. Wi-Fi

5.2.1.7. Satellite Internet Service

5.3. Dial-up VS Broadband

5.3.1. DIAL-UP

5.3.1.1. Slow-speed

5.3.1.2. PC has to dial via phone line to connect

5.3.2. BROADBAND

5.3.2.1. High speed connection

5.3.2.2. PC continually connected to the Internet (always on connection)

6. ISP (Internet Service Provider)

6.1. Responsibilities

6.1.1. Provude & maintain connnection to Internet

6.1.2. Support hardware & software needed to service the connection

6.1.3. Protect site & network from external threats

6.1.4. Provide 24-hour customer service & technical support

6.2. Example

6.2.1. TMNet

6.2.2. Maxis

6.2.3. Celcom

6.2.4. Packet One Network

7. Internet Adress

7.1. Internet Protocal (IP)

7.2. IP adress

7.2.1. A unique number that identify each computer/ device connected to the Internet

7.2.2. Unique 32-bit number assigned to network devices that use IP

7.3. Type

7.3.1. IPv4

7.3.1.1. 4 group number

7.3.1.2. separated by periods

7.3.1.3. 1st portionL: identify network

7.3.1.4. Last portion: Identify specific computer

7.3.1.5. Number is between 0-255

7.3.2. IPv6

7.3.2.1. 8 groups

7.3.2.2. Hexadecimal number

7.3.2.3. Separated by clolons

7.3.2.3.1. Uses 128 bits adresses

8. Domain name

8.1. Text version of an IP adress

8.2. TLD (top-level domain)

8.2.1. Last section of the domain name

8.2.2. Example

8.2.2.1. biz- business

8.2.2.2. edu- educational

8.2.2.3. gov- government agencies

8.2.2.4. net- network provider/ commercial companies

8.2.2.5. org- nonprofit organizations

8.3. ccTLD (Country Code Top-level Domain

8.3.1. Example

8.3.1.1. my- Malaysia

8.3.1.2. au- Australia

8.3.1.3. sg- Singapore

9. World Wide Web

9.1. Web Page

9.1.1. Electronic document on the Web that contain text, graphics and animations.

9.2. Web Browser

9.2.1. Application software that allows users to access Web Pages

9.2.2. Support tabbed browsing

9.3. Home Page

9.3.1. First page that a Web site displays

9.3.2. Downloading

9.3.2.1. Process of receiving information

9.3.3. Uploading

9.3.3.1. Process of transferring documents, graphics

10. Web Adress

10.1. http://

10.1.1. Hypertext Transfer Protocol

10.2. https://

10.2.1. Protocol for secured web pages

10.3. ftp://

10.3.1. FTP- File Transfer Protocol

11. Navigating Web Pages

11.1. Hypertext

11.1.1. Links in text-based documents

11.2. Hypermedia

11.2.1. Combines text-based links with graphic, audio, video links

11.3. Surfing the web

11.3.1. Activity of using links to explore the web

11.4. Tabbed browsing

11.4.1. Allows open and view multiple Web pages ina single Web browser window

12. Web searching

12.1. Search engine

12.1.1. Software use to find websites, web pages & other information related to a specific topic

12.2. Subject directory

12.2.1. Classifies Web pages ina norganized set of categories such as sports

12.3. Search Engine (Keyword search)

12.3.1. Require enter a word/ phrase, called search text or search query

13. Internet Services

13.1. E-mail

13.1.1. Unique name consists of a user name and domai name

13.2. Instant Messaging (IM)

13.2.1. Real time Internet conversation with another connected user

13.3. VoIP

13.3.1. Enables user to speak to other users over the Internet

13.4. Message Boards

13.4.1. Type of discussion group

13.4.2. Newsgroup

13.4.2.1. Online area where users discuss a particukar subject

13.5. FTP

13.6. WWW