Native American Regions   By: Izzy Planchet and Jack Sennott

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Native American Regions   By: Izzy Planchet and Jack Sennott da Mind Map: Native American Regions   By: Izzy Planchet and Jack Sennott

1. North and Northwest

1.1. Present Day Bounderies

1.1.1. Alaska to northern California up into coastal British Columbia and Washington State- The Pacific Coast

1.2. Major Tribes

1.2.1. Inuit

1.2.2. Aleut

1.2.3. Kwakiutl

1.2.4. Chinook

1.2.5. Alsea

1.2.6. Nooksack

1.2.7. Comox

1.2.8. Pudget

1.2.9. https://www.google.com/search?q=inuit+tribe&espv=2&biw=757&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjut8K5uJvPAhXL6YMKHRpHDeQQ_AUIBigB#imgdii=kr6Kw393ut7c1M%3A%3Bkr6Kw393ut7c1M%3A%3BUOQB1-cEgdo27M%3A&imgrc=kr6Kw393ut7c1M%3A

1.3. Cultural Practices/customs

1.3.1. Language

1.3.1.1. Tlingit

1.3.1.2. Tsimshian

1.3.1.3. Kwakiutl

1.3.1.4. Nootka

1.3.1.5. Chinook

1.3.2. The Guardian Spirit

1.3.2.1. Each Northern Native American had a guardian spirit

1.3.2.2. Gives a specific skill such as carving, hunting and healing.

1.3.2.3. Winter was time for acknowledging these spirits through song and dance.

1.3.3. Totem Poles

1.3.3.1. The Native American's written language.

1.3.3.2. Found outside of a families home showing tribal history through pictures, carvings and colors.

1.3.3.3. Recorded stories, myths and their history.

1.3.4. Social System

1.3.4.1. Top-Nobles (elders, rich, powerful, warrior, doctor)

1.3.4.2. Middle-Commoner (hunter, farmer, artist, child)

1.3.4.3. Bottom-Slaves

1.3.5. Celebrations

1.3.5.1. Potlatch

1.3.5.1.1. Huge feast in the winter

1.3.5.1.2. A way to show off wealth

1.3.5.1.3. Dancing

1.3.5.1.4. Gift-giving

1.3.5.1.5. Story telling

1.3.5.1.6. Celebrated death, marriage, new clan houses or the raising of a totem pole

1.3.5.1.7. Guests would sometimes burn expensive items to show their wealth

1.3.5.2. The First Salmon

1.3.5.2.1. Honored the salmon

1.3.5.2.2. Thanked the salmon for sacrificing itself for the humans

1.3.5.2.3. A huge feast

1.3.5.2.4. Dancing, singing and story telling took place

1.3.6. http://nativeamericans.mrdonn.org/northwest/totempoles.html

1.4. Resources used

1.4.1. Cedar

1.4.1.1. To build houses

1.4.1.2. Boats

1.4.1.3. Baskets

1.4.1.4. Boxes

1.4.1.5. Clothing

1.4.1.6. Carvings

1.4.2. Fish

1.4.2.1. Food

1.4.2.2. Crop fertilizer

1.4.2.3. Medicine

1.4.2.4. Bones make good tools

1.4.3. Wild Plants

1.4.3.1. Medicine

1.4.3.2. Food

1.4.3.3. Technological items

1.4.4. Berries

1.4.4.1. Smashed for juice

1.4.4.2. Dried for cakes

1.4.4.3. Used as a sweetener

1.5. Methods of survival/subsistence.

1.5.1. Hunting

1.5.1.1. Deer

1.5.1.2. Moose

1.5.1.3. Elk

1.5.2. Fishing (main source of food)

1.5.2.1. Salmon

1.5.2.2. Whale

1.5.2.3. Sea lion

1.5.2.4. Porpoise

1.5.2.5. Seal

1.5.2.6. Sea otter

1.5.3. Homes

1.5.3.1. Igloos made of ice

1.5.3.2. Sturdy and large homes made of cedar wood

1.5.3.3. Wide and long put together by wooden pegs.

1.5.3.4. Most homes were built along the seashore

1.5.4. http://www.missionscalifornia.com/sites/default/files/08.-Chumash-Village.jpg

2. West and Southwest

2.1. Present Day Bounderies

2.1.1. From Arizona and North to Washington

2.2. Methods of survival/subsistence

2.2.1. https://www.google.com/search?q=methods+and+survival+substances+west+and+southwest+native+american+tribes&espv=2&biw=752&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwi5_vOv9pvPAhXB2B4KHUErBbIQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=8_-2QRfxGURKCM%3A

2.2.2. Adobe Houses

2.2.2.1. Made of clay and straw

2.2.2.2. Made connected to other homes like modern day apartments

2.2.2.3. Usually made on a cliff

2.2.3. Farming

2.2.3.1. The land is extremely dry and needed to be irrigated

2.2.3.2. Cotton

2.2.3.3. Hemp

2.2.3.4. Tobacco

2.2.3.5. Medicinal plants

2.2.3.6. Beans

2.2.3.7. Barley

2.2.3.8. Wheat

2.2.3.9. 24 types of corn

2.2.3.10. Squash

2.2.3.11. Melons

2.2.3.12. Pumpkns

2.2.4. Hunting

2.2.4.1. Wild turkey

2.2.4.2. Cayote

2.2.4.3. Bison

2.2.4.4. Deer

2.2.4.5. Peccary

2.2.4.6. Rabbit

2.3. Cultural Practices/customs

2.3.1. https://www.google.com/search?q=cultural+practices+west+and+southwest+native+american+tribes&espv=2&biw=752&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwil9srU9pvPAhUBKB4KHXNEBdQQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=o7bGi4Csy4UvFM%3A

2.3.2. Death Ceremony

2.3.2.1. Believes that the soul moves along a sky path

2.3.2.2. Those who lived a righteous life will pass through with ease

2.3.2.3. Those who haven't will encounter suffering on the journey.

2.3.2.4. To prepare the body for the descent to heaven the dead is washed with yucca suds and dressed traditionally.

2.4. Resources used

2.4.1. https://www.google.com/search?q=resources+used+by+native+americans+west+and+southwest&espv=2&biw=752&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiUsOyH95vPAhVJ1h4KHaIOCGoQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=r7qyWz0-LNMNDM%3A

2.4.2. Torquoise

2.4.2.1. A stone used in a lot of Southwestern Native American Jewelry

2.4.2.2. Promotes health, happiness and good fortune

2.4.3. Silver

2.4.3.1. Made by Navajo tribe

2.4.3.2. Learned from the Mexicans

2.4.3.3. Learned how to melt and mold steel into jewelry

2.4.4. Straw

2.4.4.1. In the climate grass dried up and became straw very easily

2.4.4.2. Straw is used for clothing, baskets and thread for weaving

2.4.5. Clay

2.4.5.1. Dried to build homes

2.4.5.2. Mold and draw art

2.4.5.3. Make pottery

2.4.5.4. Make cups

2.4.5.5. Bowls

2.4.5.6. Body paint

2.4.6. Rivers

2.4.6.1. Native Americans manipulated the rivers to make them have tributaries leading to civilization

2.4.6.2. Than make irrigation systems to water their agriculture.

2.4.6.3. The water also was used to make dry clay wet for molding

2.4.7. Cactus

2.4.7.1. Has milk

2.4.7.2. Is edible

2.4.7.3. Prickers can be used for hunting and sowing.

2.5. Major Tribes

2.5.1. https://www.google.com/search?q=major+tribes+of+the+west+and+southwest&espv=2&biw=752&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwjY4_Gn95vPAhVEkh4KHRyQDw0Q_AUICCgD#imgrc=huMURB0V_SlzmM%3A

2.5.2. Achumawi

2.5.3. Mono

2.5.4. Pomo

2.5.5. Yuki

2.5.6. Apache

2.5.7. Maripoca

2.5.8. Pueblos

2.5.9. Navajo

2.5.10. Hopi

2.5.11. Yuam

2.5.12. Zuni

3. Great Plains

3.1. Present Day Boundaries

3.1.1. Texas and North to North Dakota and Montana.

3.2. Methods of Survival/subsistence

3.2.1. https://www.google.com/search?q=methods+and+survival+substances+great+plains+native+american+tribes&espv=2&biw=752&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj6m-Pl9JvPAhUJKx4KHd8zC0kQ_AUIBigB#imgdii=ixyRGPhtqmRJDM%3A%3BixyRGPhtqmRJDM%3A%3BH4O0Rlc30yIu0M%3A&imgrc=ixyRGPhtqmRJDM%3A

3.2.2. Nomadic Tribes

3.2.2.1. Follow buffalo migrations

3.2.2.2. Live in camps that could be dismantled and moved easily

3.2.2.3. Didn't farm because they moved around so much

3.2.2.4. Lived in teepees.

3.2.3. Hunting

3.2.3.1. Mostly buffalo

3.2.3.2. Antelope

3.2.3.3. Elk

3.2.3.4. Bison

3.2.4. Farming

3.2.4.1. Wheat

3.2.4.2. Barley

3.2.4.3. Beans

3.2.4.4. Squash

3.2.4.5. Sunflower

3.2.4.6. Tobacco

3.3. Cultural Practices/customs

3.3.1. Hunting

3.3.1.1. After killing an animal they would pray to their gods.

3.3.1.2. Didn't waste any of their hunted animals and would use every body part possible.

3.3.1.3. Would make offerings to the gods by burning the heart of their hunted animals.

3.3.2. Religion

3.3.2.1. Believed in the great god Sioux, a.k.a "Waken Tanka, meaning the great spirit.

3.3.2.2. Believed all animals, plants, trees, stones and clouds have spirits that could be prayed to and that the Earth was the mother of all these spirits.

3.3.2.3. People who were blessed or "waken" were healers and received a sign from the Great Spirit.

3.3.2.4. Religious ceremonies were held during the warmer months and most nomadic tribes united at these events.

3.3.3. http://www.awaken.com/2015/04/great-spirit-wakan-tanka-the-great-mystery/

3.4. Resources used

3.4.1. https://www.google.com/search?q=resources+used+by+native+americans+great+plains&espv=2&biw=752&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwizlb629ZvPAhXBJx4KHcMKAIsQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=acdeFo9cRer8ZM%3A

3.4.2. Teepees

3.4.2.1. They are easy to move

3.4.2.2. Are very light

3.4.2.3. Are designed with a chimney

3.4.2.4. Made by using long poles with animal hide attached to them

3.4.2.5. The poles and hide could be put together to make a sled named a travois which was dragged by animals

3.4.3. Buffalo

3.4.3.1. Buffalo hide is useful for clothes and shelter.

3.4.3.2. Plentiful in meat

3.4.3.3. Bones were used to make weapons and tools.

3.4.3.4. The horns were used as spoons and cups.

3.4.3.5. Tails were used as whips.

3.4.3.6. Stomach was used as a container to hold water.

3.4.4. Horses

3.4.4.1. Transports items faster

3.4.4.2. Travel faster

3.4.4.3. Travel further

3.4.4.4. Fight in battle by using a bow and arrow while on the horse

3.5. Major Tribes

3.5.1. Comanche

3.5.2. Wichita

3.5.3. Alabama

3.5.4. Cherokee

3.5.5. Osage

3.5.6. Kiowa

3.5.7. Pawnee

3.5.8. Arapaho

3.5.9. Missouria

3.5.10. Omaha

3.5.11. Blackfoot

3.5.12. http://cms.lc-triballegacy.org/Tribal%20Flags

4. Northeast and Southeast

4.1. Present Day Bounderies

4.1.1. The East Atlantic Coast from New Brunswick to Florida

4.2. Methods of survival/subsistence

4.2.1. Hunting

4.2.1.1. Salmon

4.2.1.2. Shellfish

4.2.1.3. Deer

4.2.1.4. Elk

4.2.1.5. Moose

4.2.1.6. Waterfowl

4.2.1.7. Turkey

4.2.2. Gathering/Farming

4.2.2.1. "The Three Sisters"

4.2.2.1.1. Corn, Squash and Beans.

4.2.2.2. Wild Fungi

4.2.2.3. Wild Rice

4.2.3. Nomadic

4.2.3.1. Many tribes were nomadic and would move with the animals for food

4.2.3.2. Other tribes built communities and lived in large homes that were winterized.

4.2.4. https://www.google.com/search?q=northeast+and+southeast+methods+for+survival+(native+american+tribes)&espv=2&biw=1440&bih=803&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj2hsLYtJvPAhUl_4MKHe2yA20Q_AUIBigB#imgrc=N1O7wHJ5jntxkM%3A

4.3. Cultural Practices/customs

4.3.1. Northeast

4.3.1.1. Major language: Algonquin

4.3.2. Southeast

4.3.2.1. Major language: Muskogean

4.3.3. Annual Green Corn Festival

4.3.3.1. A time for celebration and thanks

4.3.3.2. Largest Eastern American Cermony

4.3.3.3. Dancing, feasting and fasting

4.3.3.4. Corn was hung on a fire as a sacred offering

4.3.4. Women

4.3.4.1. Cared for young

4.3.4.2. Cleaned

4.3.4.3. Made pottery and clothes

4.3.5. Men

4.3.5.1. Made weapons

4.3.5.2. Fought in war

4.3.5.3. Hunted for food

4.3.5.4. Were rulers and elders

4.3.6. Wore bright colors as much as possible

4.3.7. https://www.google.com/search?q=cultural+practices+northeast+and+southeast+native+american+tribes&espv=2&biw=745&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj8hZqXtpvPAhUh3YMKHWMUDoYQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=2ZebLfi-b0zUSM%3A

4.4. Resources used

4.4.1. Homes

4.4.1.1. Wigwam:logs and sticks covered in grass

4.4.1.2. Thatched roof houses made of bark.

4.4.1.3. Two story houses made of bark and sticks.

4.4.1.4. Teepees: made of animal hide, fur or bark.

4.4.1.5. Longhouses: Elm tree bark covering pole frames. Were very big with two floors and housed 60 people.

4.4.2. Weapons/tools

4.4.2.1. Bow and arrows crafted from spruce wood, elastic gum, turkey feathers and stone.

4.4.2.2. Axes made from stone, fiber thread and hard wood.

4.4.2.3. Most tools were rocks that were sharpened.

4.4.3. Clothing

4.4.3.1. Made of woven straw, string and wool

4.4.3.2. Made from animal fur hide and pelts

4.4.4. https://www.google.com/search?q=resources+used+by+native+americans+(southeast+and+northeast)&espv=2&biw=708&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwibk8DBt5vPAhVj4IMKHYsYCmEQ_AUIBigB#imgrc=fckL1eRns50g5M%3A

4.5. Major Tribes

4.5.1. Northeast

4.5.1.1. Algonquin

4.5.1.2. Iroquois

4.5.1.3. Heron

4.5.1.4. Wampanaog

4.5.1.5. Mohican

4.5.1.6. Mohegan

4.5.1.7. Ojibwa

4.5.1.8. Winnebago

4.5.1.9. Sauk

4.5.1.10. Fox

4.5.2. Southeast

4.5.2.1. Cherokee

4.5.2.2. Chicksaw

4.5.2.3. Chocktaw

4.5.2.4. Creek

4.5.2.5. Seminole

4.5.3. https://www.google.com/search?q=algonquin&espv=2&biw=757&bih=715&source=lnms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiOh8iMuJvPAhUk7IMKHT5JB-UQ_AUICCgD#imgrc=AtfhnAfD6aIMKM%3A

5. ://www.roadtripamerica.com/routes/usaregionmap.jpg