Effective Learning Strategies (How to Study)

Effective Learning Strategies; how to study; study skills

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Effective Learning Strategies (How to Study) por Mind Map: Effective Learning Strategies  (How to Study)

1. Active learning

1.1. Interact with information

2. Analogies

2.1. This is similar to that

3. Associate

3.1. Link new information to existing knowledge

4. Big picture

4.1. Overview

4.2. Details

5. Breakdown

5.1. Break skills into smart parts

5.2. Practice, measure, improve

6. Chunking

6.1. Grouping information

7. Concentrate

7.1. Stay focused

7.2. Pay attention

8. Connect information

8.1. Connect the dots

8.2. How does it all connect?

8.3. Build new knowledge on existing knowledge

9. Connect with others

9.1. Interact with others students

9.2. Group work

9.3. Teachers

9.4. Parents

10. Cram

10.1. Studying the night before

11. Deliberate practice

11.1. Quality + Quantity

11.2. Highly structured

11.2.1. Improve performance

11.3. Requires

11.3.1. Focus

11.3.2. Effort

11.3.3. Time

11.4. Process

11.4.1. Motivated to improve performance

11.4.2. Build on existing knowledge

11.4.3. Immediate informative feedback on performance

11.4.4. Repeat until mastered

11.4.4.1. Not inherently enjoyable

12. Distributed practice

12.1. Spread out study sessions over time

12.2. Each subsequent phase reinforces the previous phase

12.3. Go back to what you don't understand

12.4. Don't cram

12.5. Longer intervals lead to longer retention

13. Elaborate

13.1. Work with extended information

13.2. Beyond class materials

14. Elaborative interrogation

14.1. Generate explanations

14.2. Why is this true?

15. Emotions

15.1. Heart

15.2. Feelings

16. Explain

16.1. Discuss with others

16.2. In your own words

17. Engaged

17.1. Interest

17.2. Curious

17.3. Critical thinking

18. Environment

18.1. Change study place

18.2. Slows down forgetting

19. Experience

19.1. Life is greatest teacher

19.2. Case studies

20. Feedback

20.1. See results of how you're learning

20.2. Adjust learning strategies based on feedback

21. Feynman Technique

21.1. 1. Explain idea as if teaching another student

21.2. 2. If stuck, go back to reference materials and relearn

21.3. 3. Explain idea again

21.4. 4. Explanations simple as possible

22. Filter

22.1. Choose important concepts

22.2. Eliminate the fluff

23. Flash cards

23.1. See practice testing

23.2. Flash cards

23.2.1. Quizlet

23.2.2. StudyBlue

23.2.3. FlashCardMachine

24. Hierarchies

24.1. Recognize different levels of information

25. Highlighting/ underlining

25.1. Mark important text

25.2. Difficult to make connections

26. Imagery for text

26.1. Form mental images of text

27. Inquire

27.1. Key questions & key concepts

27.2. Critical thinking

28. Insightful

28.1. New ideas

28.2. New understanding

28.3. Deep understanding

28.4. Creative

28.5. Unique

29. Interleaved practice

29.1. Different kinds of materials

30. Intent

30.1. Passion for subject

30.2. Determined to remember

30.3. Determined to learn

31. Key concepts

31.1. What's important?

32. Key questions

32.1. Inquiry-based learning

32.2. Purposeful

33. Keyword mnemonic

33.1. Keywords

33.2. Mental imagery

34. Logical

34.1. Sound reasoning

34.2. Part makes sense in the whole

35. Meaningful

35.1. Does it make sense to you?

35.2. Learn from general to specific

35.2.1. Start with outline

35.2.2. Add details

36. Organize

36.1. Structure information

36.2. Arrange and rearrange

37. Mnemonics

37.1. Visuals

37.2. Connections

38. Paraphrase

38.1. Your own words

39. Reflect

39.1. Process information in your own way

39.2. What you know about what you know

39.3. How you learn

40. Practice testing

40.1. Self-testing

40.2. Practice tests

40.3. Practice recall

40.4. Helps with future retrieval

41. Retain and recall

41.1. Recall information

41.2. Recreate mind map

42. Spaced repetition

42.1. See distributed practice

43. Rereading

43.1. Restudying material after initial reading

44. Review and reinforce

44.1. How much have you learned?

44.2. What needs additional work?

45. Self-explanation

45.1. Explaining how new information is related to known information

45.2. Explaining steps taken during problem solving

46. Simulate

46.1. Practice with new problems

46.2. Declarative knowledge (facts)

46.3. Procedural knowledge (process)

47. Student-directed

47.1. You're in charge of your own learning

47.2. Responsibility

47.3. Control of your learning

48. Subconscious

48.1. Sleep on it

48.2. Revisit later

48.3. Thinking "to go"

49. Summarization

49.1. Condense text

49.2. Capture important ideas

50. Teach

50.1. You colleagues

50.2. Other students

51. Think

51.1. While learning

51.2. About what you're learning

51.3. About how you're learning

52. Verbalize

52.1. Condense data into key concepts

52.2. Translate to your own words

53. Visualize

53.1. Pictures, colors, cartoons

53.2. Diagrams, charts, graphs

53.3. Bizzare visualizations/associations

54. Videos

54.1. Supplement reading materials with videos

55. Legend

55.1. Highly effective

55.1.1. Robust

55.1.2. Generalize widely

55.2. Moderately effective

55.2.1. Shows promise but insufficient evidence

55.2.2. Works for some people

55.3. Low effectiveness

55.3.1. Low utility

56. Resources

56.1. Blogs

56.1.1. Toni Krasnic

56.1.1.1. 5Ps of CLM

56.1.1.1.1. 1. Preview

56.1.1.1.2. 2. Participate

56.1.1.1.3. 3. Process

56.1.1.1.4. 4. Practice

56.1.1.1.5. 5. Produce

56.1.2. Cal Newport

56.1.3. Annie Murphy Paul

56.1.4. Scott H Young

56.2. Articles

56.2.1. Strengthening the Student Toolbox (Dunlosky)

56.2.2. Improving Students’ Learning With Effective Learning Techniques (Dunlosky et al.)

56.3. Books

57. Write

57.1. Write down what you've learned

57.2. Writing challenges you to organize your thoughts