Environment and climate change

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Environment and climate change by Mind Map: Environment and climate change

1. Module 1: Planet earth, its climate, and climate change

1.1. Atmosphere: blanket of gases covering Earth

1.1.1. Troposphere

1.1.2. Stratosphere

1.1.3. Mesosphere

1.1.4. Thermosphere

1.1.5. Ionosphere

1.1.6. Core Inner Core Outer Core

1.1.7. Exosphere

1.2. Structure of Earth

1.2.1. Crust

1.2.2. Mantle Upper Mantle Lower Mantle

1.3. Seeing vs Observing Activity

1.4. Global Temperatures

1.4.1. Analysis Methods Ice Core Satellite and Balloon Dendrochronology Sediment Core

1.5. Climate vs Weather

1.6. Climate Variability

1.6.1. Data collected through online simulations

1.6.2. El Niño Phenomenon ENSO (El Niño Southern Oscillation) Southwest Monsoon

1.6.3. La Niña Phenomenon

1.6.4. Trade Winds Walker Circulation Upwelling Thermocline

1.6.5. IOD (Indian Ocean Dipole)

1.6.6. PDO (Pacific Decadal Oscillation)

1.6.7. Climate Change Factors External causes Internal causes Anthropogenic Natural

1.7. Temperature Variability and Profiling Activity

1.8. Ocean Acidification

1.8.1. Destruction of coral reefs Coral reefs lose their alkalinity

1.8.2. Leads to ocean water warming Releases water vapour and carbon dioxide Causes fish to move to cooler places

1.8.3. Pumps Solubility Biological

1.9. Greenhouse Effect

1.9.1. Greenhouse Gases Carbon Dioxide Water Vapour Methane CFCs (Chloroflurocarbons) Nitrous Oxide Ozone

1.10. Carbon sequestration

1.10.1. Carbon sinks

1.11. Solar Insolation

1.11.1. Milankovich's Idea Eccentricity Tilt Precession

1.12. Caused by pollution

1.13. Earth's Energy Budget

1.13.1. Positive Induces global warming

1.13.2. Negative Organisms and environmental stress Leads to freezing

1.14. Visibility Spectrum

1.14.1. Ultraviolet Radiation

1.14.2. Can be human induced or natural

1.14.3. Infrared Radiation

1.15. Aerosols

1.15.1. Examples Dust Fog Mist Sulphate Aerosols

1.16. Cloud Condensation Nuclei

1.16.1. Examples Sodium chloride Ammonium sulphate

1.17. White reflects radiations, black absorbs radiations

1.18. Particulate matter

1.18.1. Examples Liquid Droplets Smoke

2. Module 2: Environment and life

2.1. Ecosystem

2.1.1. Factors affecting ecosystems

2.1.2. Ecological succession

2.1.3. Species Data Comparison Activity

2.1.4. Using Java applet for calculating average and standard deviation

2.2. Biomes

2.2.1. Types of biomes Desert Grassland Savannah Prairie Deciduous Forest Boreal Forest Tundra Aquatic Freshwater Marine Rainforest tropical temperate

2.2.2. Biome Poster Activity

2.3. Components

2.3.1. Abiotic Sunlight Climate Temperature Precipitation Elevation Soil Landforms

2.3.2. Biotic Growth Reproduction Metabolism Evolution Response Organisation Homeostasis

2.4. Pollutants

2.4.1. Types of pollutants Smog Delhi smog Great london smog

2.4.2. Climate Variability Disaster Activity

2.4.3. Types Of Pollution Air Water Noise Soil Radioactive Thermal

2.4.4. Biome and Pollution data analysis activity

2.5. Climatic adaptations and impact

2.5.1. Adaptations

2.5.2. Human survival and climate change

3. Module 3: Behavioural and technological solutions (renewable energy resources)

3.1. International agreements for climate change

3.1.1. India's INDC(2030 goals)

3.2. carbon credit

3.2.1. Tradable certificate for emission of CO2

3.3. Carbon trading

3.3.1. Buying and selling of carbon permits

3.3.2. Reduction in carbon emission

3.4. Individual carbon footprint

3.4.1. Usage at home,electricity

3.4.2. Cooking

3.4.3. Transportation

3.4.4. Usage at office/University

3.5. Limitations of carbon trading and credit

3.5.1. GHGs emission have increased

3.5.2. Monitoring by the government officials

3.5.3. Carbon credit market not developed in India

3.6. energy sources

3.6.1. Conventional Renewable sources solar wind Biomas Geo-thermal Non-renewable sources Gas turbine/FC system Coal Oil Natuaral gas Hydropower

3.7. Hybrid system

3.7.1. Combines renewable energy with non-renewable/conventional Wind/PV/fuel cell battery Micro-turbine/fuel cell system Micro-turbine/wind system Hydro power/(wind-pv) system Wind/FC system

3.8. behavioral changes

3.8.1. Action that results from thoughts and emotion

3.8.2. Change in behaviour to fight climate change Changes found in behaviour at home Saving energy Avoid food wastage Solar power ,solar thermal Saving water Changes found in behaviour during travel Use of public transport Switch off engine at signles hybrid car,electric car

4. Module 4: Activity oriented learning and evaluation

4.1. Case study

4.1.1. Sustainability

4.1.2. Struggles

4.1.3. Campaigns by the company

4.1.4. Packaging and recycling

4.1.5. Water usage

4.2. Ipcc debate

4.2.1. Bhutan favorable points Tiny nation with less population continuous decline of green house gas supports worldwide convention on environment carbon neutral country 72% forest cover land strong commitment for sustainability maintaining carbon neutrality unfavorable points Less developed needs large scale investment for low carbon transition

4.3. poster preparations

4.4. ways to help environment

4.4.1. Use renewable energy

4.4.2. recycle

4.4.3. save plants

4.4.4. save electricity

4.4.5. stop pollution

4.5. Google form survey and presentation