Research statistics

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Research statistics by Mind Map: Research statistics

1. possibility of investigation

1.1. it is necessary to examine if one and the other can be known with precision, if they are externalized, if they can be counted if they admit its existence and its intensity.

2. critique and coding

2.1. is a set of information review and correction operations, collected, that will allow us, group it and process it in such a way that it facilitates the elaboration of tables, graphs and analysis, and required in the post.

3. interpretation

3.1. The interpretation of statistical results is a crucial element for understanding advances in medical science. The tools offered by statistics allow us to transform the uncertainty and apparent chaos of nature into measurable parameters and applicable to our clinical practice.

4. limit research

4.1. we know what we are going to investigate its qualitative and quantitative modalities and the possibility of registering them, the limitation of the object and the limitation of the field.

5. planning and collection

5.1. All collection of statistical data of an event requires the prior establishment of a plan detailing the aspects of the research that will cover, Martínez, C. (2012).

5.2. This planning or data collection must have, object of investigation, purpose, source of information, procedures, material, costs and financing.

5.2.1. object of investigation

5.2.1.1. phenomenon that we are going to observe and name numerically, define the object or purpose of the investigation, determine its quantitative or qualitative nature, determine the possibility of the investigation, limit the object of investigation.

5.2.2. purpose

5.2.2.1. understands knowing exactly what is going to be investigated, seeks to collect and organize data about society and other environments.

5.2.3. source of information

5.2.3.1. An information source is the source of information for research, be it journalism, historiography or the production of academic literature in general, personal data etc.

5.2.4. process

5.2.4.1. The statistical process is the set of stages or phases that must be completed to carry out an investigation based on quantitative information and obtain results faithful to the reality studied.

5.2.5. matterl

5.2.5.1. It is constituted by all the tools, documents or instruments necessary to carry out the research, Martínez, C. (2012).

5.2.6. costs and financing

5.2.6.1. includes the cost and calculation of financing for example: preliminary studies, consultants, plan formulation, form printing, propaganda plan, geographical work.

6. Organization

6.1. Organization of the data: Being the data the material that must be processed, that is, the raw material of the statistics, the first step is then the collection of data, for which different techniques are used, such as the personal interview, the questionnaire, the observation, etc. The second step is the organization and ordering of the data, what is done through tables, which can be by means of a simple frequency distribution or a frequency distribution with intervals, in both cases grouping all those that correspond to the same nominal or variable data and expressing in a column the number of times that variable appears.

7. analysis and presentation of results

7.1. The analysis of results constitutes the last part of an investigation, in which conclusions are drawn. In the the data that have arisen in the study are processed, they are presented in an orderly and understandable manner, and it is about reaching conclusions through that information.