French Revolution

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French Revolution by Mind Map: French Revolution

1. Storming of the Bastille

1.1. People in Paris attacked the Bastille in order to get the arms and ammunition needed for the. The Storming of the Bastille was the opening act that really started the French Revolution and the attempt to fight against the monarchy.

1.2. This even took place on July 14, 1789.

2. Declaration of the Rights of Man

2.1. It defines the individual and collective rights of all the estates of the realm as universal. It's the fundamental file of not only French Revolution, but also the history of human rights.

2.2. This event took place in the August of 1789

3. the Tennis Court Oath (June 1789)

3.1. The members from the Third Estate who were locked out from the meeting of the Estates-General. The Oath signified the creation of the National Assembly, which is also the first time that the French citizens stood in the opposition of Louis XIV.

4. Reign of Terror

4.1. Took place from September 5, 1793-July 28, 1794. It was a period of violence that occurred after the of the French Revolution, triggered by conflict betweenthe Girondins and the Jacobins, and known for massive executions of "enemies of the revolution".

5. End of The Reign of Terror

5.1. In order to put an end to the excess of the Reign of Terror, the National Convention voted to execute Robespierre and several other leading members of the Terror (the Thermidorian Reaction), which stated the end of the most radical stage of the French Revolution.

6. Execution of Louis XVI *()*

6.1. Guillotined on January 21, 1973

6.2. The execution of Louis XVI marked the death of France's last monarch.

6.3. One of the most symbolic achievement during the French Revolution.

7. End of Special Privileges

7.1. On August 4, 1789, the National Assembly abolished feudalism. Due to this, the Second Estate and the First Estate were stripped of their privileges.

8. Establishment of the First French Republic

8.1. It was founded on 22 September 1792, by the newly established National Convention, lasted until the declaration of the First French Empire in 1804 under Napoleon I.

8.2. The event signified the end of monarchy in France.

9. Attack on Versailles

9.1. On October 5, 1789, the market women in Paris and their allies attacked the French palace of Versailles over the high prices and scarcity of bread.

10. Invention of the Guillotine

10.1. A device designed for executions by beheading, which later on became the Reign of Terror

10.2. Invented by French physician Joseph-Ignace Guillotin.

11. Napoleon became Leader of France

11.1. November, 1799

11.2. After the success in overthrowing the Directory, Napoleon manipulated the organizers of the coup. His ambitions lead him to be elected First Consul, the leader of France.

12. Napoleon creates reforms in France

12.1. Napoleon centralized administration of the government departments, created the lycee school system, implemented a tax system, as well as a series of reforms.

12.2. 1800-1804

13. Napoleon's Empire at War

13.1. 1805-1814

13.2. Napoleon expanded his empire by conquering other territories. Concerns about his expansion lead to wars with the coalitions of Austria, Prussia, Great Britain, and Russia. These wars were an attempt to control Napoleon's growing expansion.

14. The Battle of Waterloo

14.1. June 1815

14.2. After Napoleon regained power after his defeat at the Germanic state of Leipzig and exile to the island of Elba, a coalition was formed. At Waterloo, Belgium, Napoleon's reign came to an end after a long battle with the Duke of Wellington's army and the aid of the Prussian army.

15. Napoleon Declared Emperor

15.1. December 2, 1804

15.2. He was crowned the emperor of France after his success in reforming France and expanding French influence throughout the country had made him very popular with the people. They voted him as the "Consul for Life", in which he used the power to give himself the power of an emperor. People questioned his appointment as the Consul for Life and after he received 3 509 000 out of a total 3 580 000, the constitution was rewritten, thus making France an empire once again.

16. Patrick's Thoughts

16.1. I believe that the most important event to French Nationalism has to be Napoleon's rise to power. If Napoleon had never come to power, France would have remained in a state of uncertainty and chaos.

17. Zisheng

17.1. Storming the Bastille is the exposition of French Revolution as well as French citizens' the first action against the monarch, and thus, the most significant event during the revolution.