Xu_MindMap

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1. Genealogy

1.1. States

1.1.1. Centralized Political System

1.1.2. Recognized by other states

1.1.3. Defined Territorial Boundaries

1.1.4. Identifiable Populations

1.1.5. Government with effective control

1.2. Nations

1.2.1. Ancestry

1.2.2. Geography/Territory

1.2.3. History

1.2.4. Culture

1.2.5. Social Organization

1.2.6. Language

1.3. Antelope Case: The African slave trade is contrary to the law of nature, but is not prohibited by the positive law of nations.

2. Identify a legal rule v. Permissible except prohibition

2.1. SS Lotus case: France and Turkey both claim jurisdiction over an sea accident

3. Traits

3.1. Source of law

3.2. Problems dealt with

3.3. Enforcement Methods

3.4. Prevent International Dispute

4. Sources

4.1. International Convention

4.2. International Custom

4.2.1. North Sea Continental Shelf Case: state practice must be constant and uniform

4.2.2. Opinio Juris: mere custom v. binding custom law

4.2.2.1. Flores v. SPCC case: clear and unambiguous rules by which states universally abide, out of a sense of legal obligation and mutual concern

4.3. General Principle

4.4. Judicial Dicisions

5. Persistent Objector

5.1. The state must object while the rule is forming

5.1.1. Michael Domingues v. United States: teenager death row case

6. Jus Cogens

6.1. Legal principle there can be no derogations

6.1.1. genocide

6.1.2. slavery or slave trade

6.1.3. murder or disapperance

6.1.4. torture

6.1.5. dentention

6.1.6. racial discrimination

6.1.7. violation of human rights

6.2. Not based on notion of consent

6.3. Disagreement over this

6.4. DRC v. Rwanda case

7. Treaty

7.1. Traits

7.1.1. International agreement

7.1.2. Concluded between states

7.1.3. Governed by international law

7.1.4. Written

7.2. Can be bilateral or multilateral

7.3. Binding

7.3.1. Consent

7.3.2. pacta sunt servanda

7.4. Interpretation

7.4.1. Bonds v. United States

8. Reservation

8.1. Formal limitation or modification of treaty with respect to reserving state

8.2. Understanding

8.2.1. State's explanation or interpretation of a treaty provision

8.3. Declaration

8.3.1. Unilateral statement articulation a state's expectation,purpose or position

9. Breach v. Remedies

10. International Law v. Domestic Law

10.1. Missouri v. Holland

10.2. Reid v. Covert

11. Statehood

11.1. 1. permanent population 2.defined territory 3. government 4. capacity to enter relationship with foreign government

11.2. Declarative v. Constitutive

11.3. Self-determination

11.3.1. 1. sovereignty 2. right to choose form of government 3.continuing consent of the governed

11.4. Nation(people) v. State

11.5. Recognition of foreign governments

11.5.1. 1. Tinoco Test 2.Tobar Doctrine 3. Estrada Doctrine

12. UN

12.1. Charter

12.2. Security Council

12.2.1. Procedural matter v. all other matter

12.2.2. Powers

12.2.2.1. article 42

12.2.2.2. resolution

12.2.2.2.1. versus human right

12.2.2.2.2. conflicts with treaty

12.3. general assembly

12.3.1. authority

12.4. ICJ

12.4.1. jurisdiction

12.4.1.1. contentious

12.4.1.2. advisory

12.4.1.3. Ad Hoc Jurisdiction

12.4.1.4. Compulsory Jurisdiction

12.4.1.5. Treaty based jurisdiction

12.5. Regional Organization

12.5.1. European system

12.5.2. African Union

12.5.3. OAS

12.5.4. League of Arab States

12.5.5. A lot of Asia organizations

13. State responsibility

13.1. Wrongful acts

13.1.1. 1. effective control

13.1.2. 2. overall control

13.2. Complicity

13.2.1. 1. Knowledge

13.2.2. 2. Purpose

13.2.3. Defense: 1. consent 2. self defense 3. countermeasures 4. force majeure 5. distress 6. necessity 7. compliance with preemptory norms