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Neuroscience by Mind Map: Neuroscience
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Neuroscience

Sensory Systems

Cortical areas

Primary sensory cortex, Primary somatosensory, Primary auditory, Primary visual, Primary vestibular

Sensory association cortex, Somatosensory association, Visual association, Auditory association

Ascending tracts

Spinothalamic Tract

Dorsal Column & Medial Lemniscus

Cranial Nerves

Blood Supply of the CNS

Motor Systems

Motor planning areas

Movement composition & sequencing

Premotor area

Supplementary motor area

Broca's area

Area analogous to Broca's in opposite hemisphere

Primary motor cortex

Voluntarily controlled movements

Movement control

Cerebellum

Basal Ganglia

Motor neurons

Somatic, Upper Motor Neurons, Head, Corticobulbar tract, Skeletal system, Flexors, Corticospinal tract, Lateral, Hands, Feet, Medial, Lesions, Above pyramid decussation, Below pyramid decussation, Rubrospinal (red) tract, Extensors, Vestibulospinal tract, Medial, Lateral, Reticulospinal tract, Lateral, Medial, Tectospinal tract, UMN lesions, Hemiparesis or hemiplegia, Increased DTRs (hyperreflexia), Hypertonia, Spasticity, Pathologic reflexes, No muscle atrophy (except disuse), Spinal shock, Hypotonia, Hemiplegia, Plegia of single limb, Areflexia, Lower Motor Neurons, Cranial Nerves, CN3, CN4, CN5, CN6, CN7, CN9, CN10, CN11, Ventral horn (spinal cord), LMN lesions, Fibrillations, Fasciculations, Muscle weakness, Paresis (partial), Plegia (complete), Hemiplegia, Paraplegia, Quariplegia, Decreased deep tendon reflexes, Hypotonia, Atrophy, Interneurons

Autonomic (visceral)

Neurosecretory (hypothalamus)

Cognition

Cortical areas

Association cortex, Prefrontal association, Parietotemporal association, Limbic association

Language

Speech motor

Broca's area

Area analogous to Broca's in right hemisphere

Memory

Conscious states

Reticular formation

Reticular nuclei, Ventral tegmental area (Dopamine), Pedunculopontine nucleus (Acetylcholine), Raphe nuclei (Serotonin), Locus Ceruleus & medial reticular area (Norepinephrine)

What keeps us awake? (Reticular Activating System), Reticular nuclei, Locus Ceruleus, Raphe nuclei, Tegmental nuclei (dorsal), Ascending fibres projecting up to cerebral components (ARAS), Cerebral components, Basal forebrain (hypothalamus), Thalamus, Cerebral cortex