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British North America by Mind Map: British North America
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British North America

Conflict

Rebellions

Rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada, Mackenzie, Feld to the United States, lived until 1849 when goverment gave amnesty to rebels, leader of the rebellion, encouraged supporters to fight for their rights, December 1837, Supporters gathered at Montgomery's Tavern, 6 km from Toronto, Attack, Attacke hesitated for three days, allowed Lieutenant-Governor Bond Head to organize his troops to defend Toronto, Attack began in early December, 400 supporters led by Mackenzie went south along Younge Street, Attack failied to take Toronto, Supporters, Mostly consisted of..., ragged farmers, workers, unemployed people, Weapons carried, rifles, shotguns, swords, clubs

Rebellion of 1837 in Lower Canada, Battle of Saint-Denis, Rebellion began in November 1837, Attack, Armed Patriote supporters captured seignuer's manor, Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Gore led an army to retake the manor, but failed, Rebels won, Government lost, Battle of Saint-Charles, Rebellion began in November 1837, two days after Saint-Denis, Attack, Army attacked Patriote camp, 100 Patriote defenders, Army charged the camp killing many of the defenders, Attack showed that the government would do anything to stop the rebellion, Battle of Saint-Eustache, Rebellion began on December 1837, Attack, Attack began in mid-December, 100 rebels killed, many were taken prisoners, Battle proved the Rebels were easy to defeat, British Commander, Sir John Colborne, Army, British army consisted of 1200 well armed and disciplined troops, Patriote Camp, location, Northwest of Montreal

Change

"Change (In the House of Flies)", often referred to as "Change", is a song by American alternative metal band Deftones, released as the first single from their third album White Pony in June 2000....

Major changes to Government

politicians suggestions, no appointed officals, voters should choose all government representatives, recommended that lieutenant-governor, excutive council and legislative council should be removed, These positions would be replaced by elected ones, Advices ignored, Because system would be too American

Politicans, Robert Baldwin, Politican in Upper Canada, Louis-Hippolyte LaFontaine, Politician in Lower Canada, Both believed minor changes would be good enough, Both argued that the Canadas should have responsible government, If there was responsible government..., Bills passed by legislative assembly would become a law, Only if Lieutenant Governor agrees to it

Important People

Sir Francis Bond Head (1793 - 1875)

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Appointed Lieutenant-Govenor of Upper Canada In 1835, represented crown

Appointed reformers to the executive council, supported them to make the government more democratic

Appointed members to the executive council

Supported executive council to make the government more democratic

Interfered with elections

Louis-Joseph Papineau (1786-1871)

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Supported reform

Made a list called the "Ninety-Two Resolutions", About the demands the reform wanted

Supporters were called the Patriotes

Wanted to achieve reform through a peaceful means, others wanted to rebel

Supported a rebellion in 1837, Fled to the US when rebellion failed

Returned in 1846, When government granted an amnesty, Amnesty: pardon or forgiveness, granted to people for political offences such as rebellions

William Lyon Mackenzie (1795-1861)

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Elected to the legislative assembly in 1828, strong supporter of reform

Expelled in 1831 for false and damaging reports about someone

Insulted enemies

Re-elected to the assembly four times, was not able to take his seat due to the false reports of people

started a rebellion in Upper Canada

Lord Durham

Arrived in Quebec in June 1838

Job in British North America, Came because he had to carry out two special tasks, why were there rebellions in Lower and Upper Canada, Make a report recommending some adivice to avoid further violence, Also to change the two Canadas, Advices, Politicans advice, Join the two Canadas, Listened to reformers advice, recommended responsible government for the Canadas

Druham wanted.., to assimilate the French, wanted a responsible government

Lord durhams Report, Stop the fighting against the English and the French, No need to have an American system of Government to solve canadas problems, English population must be given control of both Canadas, The two Canadas should be joined together and have one legislature, no equal representation for each Canadas, Untied Canadas should have a resposible government

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