Metacongition

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Metacongition by Mind Map: Metacongition

1. Chapter 1

1.1. SMART Goals

1.1.1. Goals need to be Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and able to be achieved within a certain Time.

1.1.2. Immediate, short-term, and long-term goals

1.1.3. SMART Goals can be professional/career, academic, personal, etc.

1.2. Setting up goals

1.2.1. Identify strengths and weaknesses

1.2.2. Ask yourself about your goals such as "What are the prerequisites for this goal?"

1.2.3. Set goals for the week, the year, and beyond.

1.3. Academic Planning

1.3.1. Each of your goals should be divided into immediate, short term, or long term goals to more easily keep track of them and your progress towards accomplishing them

1.3.2. An immediate goals is a goal to be obtained within a week

1.3.3. Short term goal is a goal to be accomplished by the end the term (semester) as opposed to a long term goal, which is a goal to be obtained by the end of the year

2. Chapter 2

2.1. Time Management

2.1.1. One has to know that they have control on how they manage their time

2.1.2. Psychologists called this locus of control

2.1.3. Academic calendar divided into days, weeks, and months should be used

2.2. Overcoming Procrastination

2.2.1. Set a specific schedule where you will do homework and/or study

2.2.2. Not wanting to do an assignment is not a valid reason as for not doing it

2.2.3. Limit any distractions to your work, such as a cell phone and social media

2.3. Prioritizing Tasks

2.3.1. Tasks should be prioritized according to their due dates and the time required to do the task

2.3.2. Academic calendars come in handy in prioritizing different tasks

2.3.3. Balance your schoolwork with your personal life

3. Chapter 3

3.1. Emotional Intelligence

3.1.1. This is the ability to recognize, understand, use, and manage emotions, feelings, and moods

3.1.2. Emotional Intelligence includes anger management, resilience, and motivation.

3.1.3. Reflect on your own emotions and try to improve on your responses to some things

3.2. Improving Emotional Intelligence

3.2.1. Identify your emotional strengths and weaknesses

3.2.2. Set goals to improve on your emotional intelligence

3.2.3. A profound emotional intelligence will assist in being successful in school, relationships, work, etc.

3.3. Interpersonal and Intrapersonal Skills

3.3.1. Interpersonal Skills include seeking to maintain lasting relationships with other people

3.3.2. Intrapersonal Skills are self awareness, independence, and being assertive.

3.3.3. These skills are large components of overall emotional intelligence

4. Chapter 4

4.1. Learning Styles

4.1.1. Different learning styles can be summed up into the acronym VARK (Visual, Aural, Read/Write, Kinesthetic)

4.1.2. People with different learning styles will prefer different methods of learning (e.g. A visual learner may prefer underlining, highlighting, and pictures)

4.1.3. A person who is bent towards two, three, or all four learning styles are called bimodal, trimodal, and multimodal respectively.

4.2. Multiple Intelligences

4.2.1. This is a theory that states that there are eight different types of intelligences

4.2.2. These include Verbal/Linguistic, Logical/Mathematical, Visual/Spatial, Bodily/Kinesthetic, Musical/Rhythmic, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal, and Naturalistic

4.2.3. This is yet another way to determine how one learns.

4.3. Learning Disabilities

4.3.1. Some learning disabilities may trouble some people to learn

4.3.2. There are attention disorders such as attention deficit disorder (ADD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) that made it difficult for some people to pay attention

4.3.3. There are cognitive learning disabilities such as dyslexia that make it hard to comprehend certain things

5. Chapter 5

5.1. Critical Thinking

5.1.1. Ask yourself what something means if its meaning is not already apparent or if it is questionable

5.1.2. Consider multiple different sources and opinions and draw your own conclusions from them

5.1.3. Make your own arguments, challenge other people's claims, and examine their evidence.

5.2. Faulty Reasoning

5.2.1. Faulty reasoning is where there are flaws in their thinking

5.2.2. Jumping on the bandwagon is one logical fallacy where one believes in something because it is a popular belief or because many other people think the same thing

5.2.3. Assuming something because it has not been proven false is also faulty reasoning. Just because something has not been proven false, does not mean that it must be true.

5.2.4. This is a breakdown of the different levels of understanding

5.3. Bloom's Taxonomy

5.3.1. Knowledge is the bottom level of the pyramid. Knowledge is simply just the memorization of learned material.

5.3.2. The top level is evaluation, where one argues and defends their position.

6. Chapter 6

6.1. Reading

6.1.1. Previewing is a strategy where you look at the assigned reading before actually reading it

6.1.2. Mapping is a type previewing where you construct a visual diagram that illustrates the relationships between different things

6.1.3. Reading should always been done with concentration

6.2. Reading Textbooks

6.2.1. Math textbooks will tend to have more numbers, symbols, and practice problems than words

6.2.2. Science textbooks have more reading involved and also generally include glossaries and appendixes.

6.2.3. Humanities textbooks will sometimes have the reader react to the theme or the characters within the book.

6.3. Improving Reading

6.3.1. Have a notebook to take notes for review

6.3.2. Try to make connections within the reading or with prior knowledge.

6.3.3. Enhancement of your vocabulary can help improve your reading and comprehension

7. Chapter 7

7.1. Engagement in learning

7.1.1. Actively learning is one way to be more engaged in learning in the classroom

7.1.2. Active learning is participating in discussions and asking questions in class

7.1.3. Preparing for class and marking sure that everything is with you and organized will also help

7.2. Taking Notes

7.2.1. Notes should cover all major points discussed in class

7.2.2. Notes help you conceptualize and remember concepts

7.2.3. Taking notes helps to enhance grades

7.3. Note Formatting

7.3.1. You can write summary paragraphs that succinctly covers all the majors points and how different points are interrelated

7.3.2. Outlines organize material and different points are denoted by roman numerals, capital and lowercase letters, and Arabic numerals.

7.3.3. Cornell notes format is a great way to organize notes, where one column of the paper is comprised of bullet points about the material and the other column has questions and key terms. There is a summary included at the bottom of the page.

8. Chapter 8

8.1. Memory

8.1.1. Short-term memory is used to briefly remember things for approximately 30 seconds

8.1.2. Memory is a big part of deep learning, that is, the conceptualization and understanding of facts and the relationships between different points

8.1.3. Everybody can improve their own memory

8.2. Improving Memory

8.2.1. Mind maps can help you remember the relationships between two topics

8.2.2. Flash cards quiz you on certain terms and you have to remember what their definition is or vice versa

8.2.3. Mnemonics are excellent devices that can be used to memorize information. These are usually songs, outlandish examples, or acronyms.

8.3. Memory and Learning

8.3.1. You must have confidence that you can improve your memory

8.3.2. Explaining the material to another person can help you remember and retain it better

8.3.3. Organization will play a key role in learning. You will remember where everything is if everything is organized

9. Chapter 9

9.1. Test Taking

9.1.1. Testing is the primary way for an instructor to will determine your learning

9.1.2. Tests need to be prepared for

9.1.3. You must manage your test anxiety

9.2. Preparing for Test

9.2.1. Use online resources to test your knowledge beforehand

9.2.2. Join a study group with other students

9.2.3. Be sure to take deep breaths and get enough rest before the test to assuage any anxiety

9.3. Different types of questions

9.3.1. Multiple Choice questions require to choose the answer that correctly answers the question

9.3.2. Essay questions require you to respond with a few paragraphs to a particular question

9.3.3. Fill-in-the-Blank questions require to read a sentence with one term excluded from the sentence. You have to write what that term most likely is.

10. Chapter 10

10.1. Information Literacy

10.1.1. You must be computer literate, media literate, and culturally literate

10.1.2. You need to know where to find all different kinds of information

10.1.3. You must also be able to interpret and evaluate information

10.2. Different Sources

10.2.1. Scholarly journals are articles by researchers that focus on current research

10.2.2. Books can display a wide range of different topics and are useful in research projects

10.2.3. Databases are used for finding various types of other sources that can provide useful information for a research project

10.3. Evaluating Sources

10.3.1. Some sources can be biased or opinionated

10.3.2. Reliable sources will generally have an authority who is also credible

10.3.3. Sources will not be helpful if they do not pertain to your subject

11. Chapter 11

11.1. Diversity

11.1.1. Colleges attract students from all sorts of different backgrounds and places

11.1.2. People will vary according to their ethnicity and race

11.1.3. There will also be a various cultures, religions, and opinions in college

11.2. Seeking Diversity

11.2.1. There are courses that introduce students to all different types of backgrounds

11.2.2. Sports help to get students to be introduced to different types of cultures and people

11.2.3. Special-interest groups often help to diversify people

11.3. Overcoming Discrimination

11.3.1. Raising awareness of prejudice will help mitigate the problem

11.3.2. You should try to mix in with different people and experience different types of people

11.3.3. Realize that discrimination comes from negative perceptions of different ethnic groups, races, etc.

12. Chapter 12

12.1. Budget

12.1.1. A budget will help you keep track of your money better and wisely

12.1.2. Keeping a budget will help you save money

12.1.3. A budget will give you a reason for not spending your money too quickly and prevent you from spending money on unnecessary items

12.2. Saving money

12.2.1. Be aware of the costs of everyday items and bills

12.2.2. Cut down any unnecessary expenses such as fast food

12.2.3. Be sure that you are at least earning the same amount of money as you spending

12.3. Planning for the future

12.3.1. Figure out whether or not you will work or continue your education

12.3.2. Establish a savings account

12.3.3. Maintain a good GPA and credit score. Many employers look for this in their employees.