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history by Mind Map: history

1. key people

1.1. lord durham

1.1.1. backround british 46 years old when he came to Quebec

1.1.2. achievements he held meetings with individuals and groups to figure out the opinion of the citizens

1.1.3. significance was sent to lower and upper canada to to find out why there were rebellions to make a report and recommendations to avoid future violence

1.2. William Lyon Mackenzie

1.2.1. backround scotish

1.2.2. achievements

1.2.3. significance

1.3. sir francis bond head

1.3.1. backround was a solider for Britain and retired as a major spent some years for a mining company as an engineer

1.3.2. achievements was lieutenant-governor of upper Canada shut down an election and calling a new one

1.3.3. significance

1.4. louis-joseph papineau

1.4.1. backround father was a seineur born in Montreal studied to be lawyer but became intrested in politics

1.4.2. achievements supported reform published the ninety-two resolutions at first supported the violence but when it became clear they will lose he fled to U.S

1.4.3. significance was the voice of moderate reform died in 1871

1.5. Robert Baldwin and Louis- Hippolyte LaFontaine

1.5.1. they both believed that making minor changes were good enough

1.5.2. they wanted responsible goverment

2. conflict

2.1. rebellion in upper Canada

2.1.1. Montgomery's tavern Mackenzie rebels meet together bond heads troops fight of the rebels Mackenzie's key supporters Samuel Lount and Peter Matthews were hanged

2.1.2. Mackenzie noticed the rebellions in lower Canada and wanted to change upper Canada so he started the rebellion

2.1.3. Mackenzie's army were farmers workers and unemployed people

2.1.4. they didn't have much people so Mackenzie waited for more to come. this gave bond head more time to prepare

2.2. rebellion in lower canada

2.2.1. battle of saint Denis and saint Charles armed patriote supporters capture a seigneur's manor an army commanded by Lt. colonel Francis Gore

2.2.2. battle of saint Eustache the commander of the British army in North america at the time was sir John Colborne he led a force of 1200 well armed men the rebels tried to defend themselves by hiding in churches about 100 rebels were killed and many more were taken prisoners

2.2.3. hunter lodge many Americans near the border thought the rebellions would lead to the defeat of the British so they helped them rebels who fled to the U.S started to organize groups in upper Canada these groups were called hunters' louges in lower Canada these were called Freres Chasseurs by mid 1838 there were 40 000 to 60 000 members they tried to invade but they were defeated at Windsor and Prescott in upper Canada and Napierville, Lacolle and Odelltown in lower Canada

3. change

3.1. russel resolutions

3.1.1. these were the response for the 92 resolutions

3.2. lord Durham's report

3.2.1. lord Durham gave suggestions to the British

3.3. Papineau's nighty-two resolutions

3.3.1. these were the the wishes that the reformers from lower canada wanted that Papineau published

3.4. union act

3.4.1. Canadas are now named canada east and canada west capitals are Kingston in canada west and then montreal

3.4.2. there will be equal representatives. each Province get 65 representatives

3.4.3. was in play for 26 years

3.5. british north america act

3.5.1. British north america act replaced the union act. it created the canadian confederation which created Canada