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HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES by Mind Map: HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
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HISTORY OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES

C++

C++ is an extension of the C language that was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Laboratories in the early 1980s.  C++ is a high level programming language and one of the most popular programming languages for graphical applications, like those that run in Windows and Apple Macintosh environments.  C++ provides several features that "spruce up" the C language, yet more imperatively, provides capabilities for object-oriented programming.

by Bjarne Stroustrap

early 1980s

high-level programming language

Small Talk

Small talk is the second oldest object-oriented programming language (Simula was the first).  It was developed at Xerox Corporation's Palo Alto Research Center in 1969.  Although Small talk was never as successful as C++ or Java, it is widely considered to be the only true object-oriented programming environment, and the one that others should measure up to.  Smalltalk is a high-level language, and it uses compilers and interpreters.

by Xerox Corporation's Palo Alto Research Cente

1969

high-level programming language

FORTRAN

FORTRAN, an acronym for Formula Translator, is the oldest high-level programming language.  It was designed by John Backus, in November of 1954, for IBM (International Business Machines), which is the largest computer company in the world.  FORTRAN uses a compiler.

by John Backus

Nov. of 1954

high-level programming language

Java

Java is a high-level programming language developed by Sun Microsystems in June of 1991.  Java was originally called OAK, and was designed for handheld devices and set-top boxes.  However, OAK was unsuccessful, so in 1995, Sun Microsystems changed the name to Java and altered the language to take advantage of the up-and-coming World Wide Web.  Java is a general purpose programming language with a number of features that make it well suited for internet use.  Java uses interpreters. 

Sun Microsystems

June of 1991

high-level programming language

Pascal

Pascal is a high-level programming language developed by Niklaus Wirth in the late 1960s.  The language is named after Blaise Pascal, a 17th mathematician who constructed one of the first mechanical adding machines (or in simpler terms, calculator).  Pascal is popularly used for educating, and it uses a compiler.

by Niklaus Wirth

late 1960s

high-level programming language