# Classical and operant conditioning

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Classical and operant conditioning

## 1. punishment: consists in present a reward for an undesire behavior

### 1.1. positive: It is when something bad happens and this causes a decrease in the repetition of a certain behavior. For example, a child is trying to grab an object that is on the table but when he wants to do it he gives himself a blow and this hurts or frightens them, the probability of repeating the mischief is reduced.

1.1.1. negative: it is the elimination of something that is favorable, in order to decrease the probability of that behavior reoccurring. Example: if you do not clean your house you do not go out to play soccer with your friends so the child will clean the house whenever they ask for it.

## 2. Reinforcement: consists in present a reward for a desired behavior.

### 2.1. positive: These stimulus are given after the person has presented a behavior by adding something. for example: When you study a lot for an exam and get good grades and your dad rewards you by giving you a video game after this you will study again and again and you will continue to get something for your grades, and you will study hard again

2.1.1. negative: It refers to the elimination of unfavorable stimulus after they exhibit some behavior. For example, when you leave for work and on the road you always find a lot of traffic, then the next day you leave earlier as a consequence of avoiding traffic and arriving early and what you continue doing during the next days.

## 4. the first to study the classical conditioning was Ivan pavlov.

### 4.1. for example

4.1.1. When students are alone in the classroom and listen to a teacher approaching, they usually sit fast and be silent. The conditioning is because when they listen to a teacher they know that they should behave in that way