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Roaring 20s by Mind Map: Roaring 20s

1. Canadian Women

1.1. In 1900s, leaders such as Nellie McClung, Henrietta Muir Edwards, Louis McKinney, and Emily Murphy continued the fight for women's right to vote. These activists did not see suffrage as the end of the battle.

1.2. In the 1921 federal election, Agnes Macphail became Canada's first woman member of Parliament when the voters of Grey Southeast, in Ontario, elected her to represent them.

1.3. Election to the House of Commons did not end Macphail's struggle for equality.

1.4. In 1918, Prime Minister Robert Borden's government extended suffrage to most Canadian women, and in 1919, women's right to run for Parliament was recognized.

2. Fashion

2.1. For girls, clothing became looser and also shorter. Dresses and skirts were about knee length and as well as loose fit.

2.2. As the 1920s decade wore the trends towards relaxing wear that was designed for youth took over 1920s men's fashion

2.3. Clothes were made of cotton and wool rather than other materials like silk, velvet, and or lace.

2.3.1. It was also important for men to have a good looking and well kind suited type of suit that's usually made from thick wool and pants from wool based faneel.

2.4. Men in the 1920s started wearing suit jackets that were small.

2.5. Picture

3. Entertainment

3.1. The 1920s was given nicknames like "The Roaring Twenties" and "The Age of Wonderful Nonsense." Many people were determined to have fun and forget the harsh war years. American culture did influence Canadians and was very much a part of their lives because of radio. Light-hearted, silly songs that were the rage reflected much of the craziness of the time.

3.2. American singers like Eddy Cantor, Al Jolson, and Rudy Vallee were also famous in Canada. Dances like the Bunny Hop and the Charleston were danced all over North America.

3.2.1. In 1927 the industry was changed whn Al Jolson created the first ever talking photo known as The Jazz Singer.

3.3. Canada began making films as early as 1897. These were promotional films designed to show Canadian life and the benefits of settling in the West. By the early 1920s film-makers had switched to fiction and there was a minor boom in Canadian production.

3.3.1. The silent movie industry made instant stars of personalities like Douglas Fairbanks, and Clara Bow.

4. Sports

4.1. 1928 Olympics - This was a huge event for Canadian athletes. Track and Field dominated and won silver and gold in many of the events. Which gave Canada a place in the Olympic community.

4.2. Professional Hockey was widely watched all around the country & people tuned in by radio broadcasts.

4.2.1. Arenas were built all across the country so that spectators could watch and support their local hockey teams.

4.3. The Big Train - Lionel Conacher was an all-around athlete, meaning he played all kinds of sports professionally and play all kinds of different positions.

4.3.1. Lionel Conacher was named Canada's best overall male athlete for first the half of the twentieth century.

5. Canadian Culture

5.1. The decade of the twenties is sometimes referred to as "Canada's Golden Age of Sport." Canadian athletes won medals and trophies all over the world. One of the first accomplishments came from Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, with the launching of a racing schooner called "Bluenose" in 1921, when it won the international fisherman's trophy by defeating an American schooner.

5.1.1. Nothing captures Canada's physical beauty better than paintings were done by the artists known as the Group of Seven. Throughout the 1920s members of the group painted Canada's rugged northland in an interpretive style, using strong, deep colours. At the time people expected to see a realistic, detailed landscape approach.

5.2. They painted their impressions of what they saw in vivid light and shade that was unusual for the time. Many Canadians were shocked by their bold, fresh style, and those who criticized this non-conformist type of painting called it the 'hot mush school' which referred to the bold colours and thick, heavy strokes of paint that were used on the canvases.

5.2.1. Throughout the 1920s the "bluenose" kept winning the award and also won hearts of many admirers. An imprint of bluenose appears on the black of the Canadian dime as a tribute to its racing accomplishments.

5.3. Professional hockey emerged as one of Canada's favorite sports. Arenas were built across the country so that spectators could watch and support their local hockey teams. Listening to games on the radio became a national pastime. More people listened to hockey broadcasts than to any other program.

6. Prohibition

6.1. Temperance societies believed that if people stopped spending money on alcohol, many families would be able to improve their lives.

6.2. Before and during WW1, the temperance movement led to the banning of alcohol in several provinces, including Alberta and Ontario.

6.3. In 1918, under the War Measures Act, the federal government enacted Prohibition. Laws against making and selling intoxicating liquor. The ban lasted until a year after the war ended.

6.4. In the early 20th century, alcohol was blamed for many social problems, such as crime, public drunkness, family violence, and poverty.

6.4.1. By 1921, provincial governments lost the income generated by laws and replace them with government-controlled liquor stores

7. Polotics and the Economy

7.1. Vehicle ownership in Canada jumped from 300,000 in 1918 to 1.9 million in 1929.

7.1.1. During the 1920s, Canada also became a major wheat exporter. At the beginning of World War I, wheat accounted for about a quarter of the country's exports. But in the years after the war, the value, of wheat exports increased by 250 per cent.

7.1.2. Two forces helped contribute to the increase in wheat exports: a growing number of farmers on the Prairies and innovations that helped farmers increase production.

7.2. In 1927, the Ford Motor Co. had 15 million Model Ts around the world.

7.3. The rapid increase in cars encouraged governments to invest in infrastructures like roads, bridges, and power systems.

7.4. The Economy in the 1920s and What Caused the Great Depression

8. Aboriginals

8.1. They weren't allowed to vote in Canadian elections. Government policies society; some Aboriginals became a rootless people who were encouraged to forget their customs, language, and lifestyle.

8.1.1. Death and disease were spreading as unhealthy amounts of alcohol being consumed, suicide rates were really high, & tuberculosis and many other kinds of diseases were taking over and killing many all around the country.

8.2. Aboriginal peoples didn't benefit the wealth of the 1920s. The Canadian government continued to make decisions for them though the Indian affairs branch of the Department of the Interior.

8.3. The superintendent-general was in charge of the welfare of the Aboriginal peoples; it didn't concern him that their dances were an important part of Aboriginal culture and traditions.

8.3.1. A lot of people tried to help raise awareness by protesting and going to London to fightback and against the inequality

9. New Technologies and Inventions

9.1. The first radio broadcast in North America occured on May 20th, 1920 in Montreal. It broadcasted music known by many different kinds of people and at the start the user would have to wear headphones in order to hear because the quality wasn't really good at all. Most of the radio channels were American-based which made the government of Canada step in and recommend Canadian based channels. The first and famous Canadian broadcast was "Hockey Night in Canada" by a man named Foster Hewitt.

9.1.1. The Automobile was first invented in 1893 by Henry Ford, the process of making the car was very time consuming since it had 5,000 parts.

9.1.2. 1908 was when Ford built the Model T. This made Henry very wealthy. The demand was really high which created factories where the cars were assembled. This also happened to give many people jobs. The Model T's were built in Windsor, Ontario.

9.2. The Telephone was invented in Brantford, Ontario by Alexander Graham Bell. The first model of the telephone was very loud which made it complicated to use, but throughout the years the telephone became much easier to use. The telephone became a bigger part of their lives and brought many friends and family members close together though the day.

9.3. The government didn't want Canadians to be fully influenced by American channels and send up a royal commision to investigate and find a solution.

10. Urbanization

10.1. Canadian cities began to grow as workers crowed into them. Cities also expanded outward as residential suburbs were added.

10.1.1. These changes meant that many Canadians were no longer as self-sufficient as they had been. They needed services added in different urban areas, grocery and clothing stores, housing, education, health care, and so on. As more people moved into cities, a political shift took place. The political power of urban centers increased, while the power of rural areas decreased.

10.2. The growth of cities depended on technological innovations. Streetcar and road systems linked suburbs to the center of cities, where most industries and services were located.

10.2.1. The wealth generated by jobs was used to pay for these services, and the service sector of the economy grew quickly

10.3. Urbanization | The Canadian Encyclopedia